Bystander Helping Behaviour for Myocardial Infarction Following First Aid Training
|Acute Myocardial Infarction||Other: Helping behaviour curriculum Other: First aid only curriculum|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
|Official Title:||Bystander Helping Behaviour for Acute Myocardial Infarction Following a First Aid Training Programme That Draws Attention to the Barriers to Providing Help - Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial|
- Delay time for seeking help during deception experiment [ Time Frame: within 4 weeks after the control or intervention training ]Time to seeking help was measured between the simulated patient grabbing the heart and the study participant opening the door to get help.
- Rate of helping during deception experiment [ Time Frame: within 4 weeks after control or intervention training ]This refers to the number of participants that assessed the victim, or asked for help, or provided direct help to the victim during the test.
- First aid self efficacy belief [ Time Frame: within 15 minutes after experimental or control intervention ]scores on 6 questions related to helping behaviour barriers with the following structure: " I will do x (action) even if y (barrier)"
- Impact of event [ Time Frame: Within 15 minutes after deception experiment ]This indicates how shocking the study participants found the simulated emergency situation
- State of mood [ Time Frame: Within 15 minutes after deception experiment ]Indication of how study participants feel after being told about the deception.
- Credibility of deception [ Time Frame: Within 15 minutes after deception ]Indication of how credible study participants found the simulated emergency situation
|Study Start Date:||September 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: first aid and helping behaviour
The helping behaviour training is given after 24 hours first aid training and aims to sensitise participants towards a helping reaction and teach participants how to deal with barriers to helping
Other: Helping behaviour curriculum
The objective of the helping behaviour curriculum is to sensitise participants to develop a helping reaction, and to teach participants how to deal with barriers to helping. The helping behaviour curriculum is being taught in 2hours.
Active Comparator: first aid only
This group receives training in first aid only without training in helping behaviour.
Other: First aid only curriculum
Two hours training on first aid for alcohol and drug incidents
A systematic review on the effects of first aid training concluded that training must also include ways to overcome obstacles to bystander intervention. This could lead to better help and higher helping rates in medical emergencies.
The objective of this paper is to measure the effect of an innovative training programme on the help seeking behaviour and helping rates of bystanders in medical emergencies. We chose to test the helping behaviour for acute myocardial infarction because it is an important cause of mortality and invalidity. While the victim is urgently in need of help, delay in seeking professional help is an important problem.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00954161
|Belgian Red Cross-Flanders|
|Mechelen, Belgium, 2800|
|Principal Investigator:||Bert Aertgeerts||Academic Centre for General Practice, Catholic University Leuven|