Evaluation of Irritation That Potentially Could be Caused by Two Facial Gels Applied to Opposite Sides of the Face

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00952523
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 6, 2009
Results First Posted : April 9, 2010
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.

Brief Summary:
A study to compare the skin irritation potential of two marketed gels for acne treatment, each applied to half of the face of healthy volunteers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acne Vulgaris Drug: Tretinoin Facial Gel Drug: Adapalene/Benzoyl Peroxide Facial Gel Phase 4

Detailed Description:

At the Baseline Visit, following satisfaction of entry criteria and screening procedures, all subjects will be applying two products to their faces, each on one side only. The side of the face receiving each product is randomly assigned. One group will use Retin-A MICRO Gel, (tretinoin) 0.04% Pump on the left side of the face and Epiduo Gel (adapalene .1% and benzoyl peroxide 2.5%), on the right side of the face daily for 3 consecutive weeks after washing with study-supplied facial wash. The other group will use the same products, but on opposite sides of the face for three consecutive weeks after washing with the same study-supplied facial wash.

Subjects will return to the study center every weekday morning for evaluation and application of both study products. Applications done on the weekends, will be done at home by the subject. At each visit the subject will be scored for cutaneous treatment effects by a blinded evaluator. At baseline and at the end of each week, subjects will be photographed and have chromometer readings.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 162 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Investigator-Blind, Phase 4 Study Assessing the Facial Irritation Potential of Two Acne Treatment Products (Retin-A Micro Gel, 0.04% Pump and Epiduo Gel) Using a Split-Face Model
Study Start Date : July 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Acne
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tretinoin & Adapalene-Benzoyl Peroxide
Tretinoin and Adapalene-Benzoyl Peroxide facial gels applied once daily in a split face model
Drug: Tretinoin Facial Gel
A marketed facial gel containing Tretinoin 0.04% is applied to one side of the face daily for three weeks.
Other Name: Retin-A Micro Gel 0.04% Pump
Drug: Adapalene/Benzoyl Peroxide Facial Gel
A marketed facial gel containing Adapalene .1% and Benzoyl peroxide 2.5% is applied to the other side of the face daily for three weeks
Other Name: Epiduo Gel

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Facial Irritation and Cutaneous Effects [ Time Frame: three weeks ]
    Scores on a scale were recorded each weekday. The scale for Erythema and Dryness was from 0=none to 8=severe (highest possible score is calculated as 8x5daysx3weeks=120). The scale for Burning/Stinging and Itching was from 0=none to 3=severe (highest possible score was calculated as 3x5daysx3weeks=45). The scores that were accumulated through the study for each treatment were then compared.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy volunteers
  • Before screening, subjects (or legally authorized representative) must read and sign the IRB approved Informed Consent Form (includes HIPPA and Photo release)
  • Subjects must have Fitzpatrick Skin Type I, II or III, and judged by the Investigator to have healthy skin
  • Subject's bilateral facial skin must be clear of any confounding irritation, rashes, acne, rosacea, etc. prior to the study
  • Subject must be free of systemic retinoids for at least 2 months
  • Subject must not be using any topical retinoids, systemic antibiotics, nicotinamide or systemic steroids for 1 month prior to study start
  • All other topical medications to face (e.g., steroids, antimicrobials, salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide) and cosmetics containing retinols, AHA's and bleaching agents such as hydroquinone are to be discontinued at least 2 weeks prior to study initiation
  • Subjects will not apply any emollients and cosmetics to the facial area 24 hours prior to study initiation
  • Subject must not be planning to become pregnant or nursing before entering the study and during the study period. In addition if using birth control pills, subject must be stabilized for at least 2 months. If subject is of child bearing potential, subject must be using approved method of birth control. Approved methods are birth control pills, implants, patches or spermicide with condoms.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects who are pregnant or nursing
  • Subjects who have a grade 1 or more for facial erythema
  • Subjects who exhibit any skin condition (i.e., atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis) or disease that may require concurrent therapy or may confound the evaluation of drug safety or efficacy
  • Subjects who have a history of hypersensitivity to any of the formulation components
  • Subjects who have received any experimental drug or used any experimental device 30 days prior to initiation of study therapy
  • Subjects who have excessive facial hair that may obstruct or hinder the evaluation of any reactions
  • Subjects who use any known photosensitizing agents
  • Subjects who presently have skin cancer or actinic keratosis on the face

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00952523

United States, Pennsylvania
Skin Study Center
Broomall, Pennsylvania, United States, 19008
Sponsors and Collaborators
Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.
Study Director: David Lineberry Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc. Identifier: NCT00952523     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CA-P-7190
First Posted: August 6, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 9, 2010
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2012
Last Verified: February 2012

Keywords provided by Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.:
objective sensory methods

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acne Vulgaris
Acneiform Eruptions
Skin Diseases
Sebaceous Gland Diseases
Benzoyl Peroxide
Adapalene, Benzoyl Peroxide Drug Combination
Dermatologic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Keratolytic Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents