Amantadine for Improving Neurologic Symptoms in Ataxia-Telangiectasia
Drug: amantadine sulphate
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Effect of Amantadine on Movement Disorder in Ataxia-Telangiectasia|
- improvement in ataxia [ Time Frame: 2 month ]
- improvement in extrapyramidal movement disorder [ Time Frame: 2 month ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: amantadine (PKMERZ)||
Drug: amantadine sulphate
amantadine 5/mg/kg for 2 month- tapered up during 2 weeks at 1 month possibility to increase dosage to 8 mg/kg or reduce it if there are side effects
Other Name: PKMERZ
Ataxia-Telangiectasia (A-T) is a complex multisystem disorder with neurodegenerative course, immune deficiency, and tendency to develop malignancies .The clinical picture includes progressive cerebellar ataxia along with a movement disorder (chorea, dystonia or bradykinesia) that may be even more disabling than the ataxia . Fatigability, drooling and reduced stamina are other major concerns. Disease course is devastating: towards the second decade of life the affected children are usually bound to wheelchair and survival beyond the second decade of life is rare. Treatment of A-T is discouraging, since no treatment seems to change the course of disease, but improvement can be achieved by symptomatic treatment of the bothersome movement disorder . While various dopaminergic agents are occasionally used, reports of benefit are rather sparse and anecdotal.
Amantadine is a dopaminergic agent approved for prophylaxis of influenza (in children over 1 year of age and adults) as well as for extrapyramidal disorders in adults: Parkinson disease and drug induced dyskinesias . Amantadine increases dopaminergic transmission by inhibiting its synaptic uptake, as well as an antagonizing the striatal NMDA receptors). Additional conditions found to be improved with amantadine are: cerebellar ataxia, vigilance after brain trauma in adults and children ,attention deficit disorder in children, chorea and akinesia in Huntington's disease .
Amantadine is an FDA approved drug for treatment and prevention of influenza, Parkinson disease and drug induced dyskinesia; it is approved for use in adults and children over 1 year of age.
Dosage in children: 5 mg/kg body weight up to 8.8mg/kg/. Dosage in adults: 200 to 300 mg/day. The daily dosage should be divided into 2 to 3 daily portions. Amantadine is a safe drug with mild side effects: headache, decreased appetite, sedation, fatigue, abdominal pain, vomiting, insomnia, pedal edema and rash (4-10).
Studies in children proved amantadine to be a safe and tolerable drug. Amantadine was administered to 24 healthy children with ADHD, aged 5-13 year old . Side effects were present in 13/24 and were usually mild: decreased appetite, headache, sedation, mild insomnia, vomiting, fatigue, abdominal pain. One subject dropped out because of headache. Six low response children after traumatic brain injury were treated with amantadine (concurrently with other medication) The drug was safe with relatively mild side effects: sedation, intermittent tremor, dizziness, but no serious side effects requiring discontinuation of the protocol.
Study purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate weather amantadine sulphate improves ataxia and the movement disorder (bradykinesia, parkinsonism, dystonia, chorea), as well as the general well being in patients with A-T.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00950196
|Sheba Medical Center|
|Ramat Gan, Israel|
|Principal Investigator:||Andreea Nissenkorn, MD||Sheba Medical Center, Pediatric Neurology and National A-T Clinic|