Genetic Susceptibility and Risk of Second Cancers in Patients Who Have Undergone Stem Cell Transplant for Cancer
RATIONALE: Identifying genes that increase a person's susceptibility to second cancers may help the study of cancer treatment.
PURPOSE: This study is looking at genetic susceptibility and risk of second cancers in patients who have undergone stem cell transplant for cancer.
|Cancer||Genetic: DNA analysis Genetic: polymorphism analysis Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Other: medical chart review Other: questionnaire administration Procedure: assessment of therapy complications Procedure: evaluation of cancer risk factors|
|Study Type:||Observational [Patient Registry]|
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Other
|Target Follow-Up Duration:||1 Day|
|Official Title:||Radiation Sensitivity, DNA Repair, and Second Cancers.|
- Genetic susceptibility to the carcinogenic effects of radiotherapy, tobacco, and UV light and risk of second malignant neoplasms (SMN) [ Time Frame: At study entry ]
- Radiation sensitivity in B-cell lymphoblastoid cells [ Time Frame: At study entry ]
- Allelic variants of genes involved in xenobiotics metabolism, DNA repair, and provision of nucleotide pool of patients with SMN compared to their first-degree relatives and patients without SMN [ Time Frame: At study entry ]
- Role of potentially carcinogenic environmental exposures (tobacco and sun light) pre- and post-HSCT in the risk of SMN [ Time Frame: At study entry ]
|Actual Study Start Date:||January 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2020|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- Determine whether genetic susceptibility (e.g., inherited differences in radiation sensitivity to normal tissue or genes of xenobiotic metabolism, nucleotide provision, or DNA repair) to the carcinogenic effects of radiotherapy, tobacco, and UV light modifies the risk of second malignant neoplasms (SMN) in patients with cancer treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
- Measure inherent sensitivity to radiotherapy via G_2 chromosome radiation sensitivity assay using B-cell lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from pre-HSCT cryopreserved peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with and without SMN.
- Measure the frequency of allelic variants of genes involved in xenobiotics metabolism, DNA repair, and provision of nucleotide pool and compare the frequencies among patients with and without SMN, determine the transmission of specific alleles of these genes from parents to patients, and correlate allelic variants of DNA repair and nucleotide provision in genes with in vitro radiation sensitivity.
- Evaluate the role of potentially carcinogenic environmental exposures (tobacco and sun light) pre- or post-HSCT in the risk of SMN and examine the association of these exposures with SMN and the interaction of these exposures with allelic variants of genes involved in xenobiotic metabolism, nucleotide provision, and DNA repair.
OUTLINE: Patients complete self-reported questionnaires and medical records are reviewed to collect information on UV light and tobacco exposure pre- and post-transplantation. Information is analyzed for association with second malignancy neoplasms.
Blood samples are collected from patients pre-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and from their parents (when available) or other first-degree relatives for genetic biomarkers of susceptibility to second malignancies, DNA repair and provision nucleotide, genetic susceptibility to toxicity from combined cancer therapies, and environmental carcinogens.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1,000 patients (800 patients without second malignant neoplasms [SMN] and 200 patients with SMN) will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00949052
|United States, Tennessee|
|Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center|
|Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-6838|
|Principal Investigator:||Debra L. Friedman, MD, MS||Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center|