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A Vaccine Study for High Risk Cancers

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(unexpectedly low screening results leading to poor accrual)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00944580
First Posted: July 23, 2009
Last Update Posted: November 24, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Penn State University
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and immunological effects of a vaccine for people diagnosed with high risk neuroblastoma, osteogenic sarcoma, and rhabdomyosarcoma. It is hypothesized that this vaccine could reduce the incidence of relapse.

Condition Intervention Phase
Neuroblastoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Osteogenic Sarcoma Biological: MAGE-A1, MAGE-A3, and NY-ESO-1 Vaccine Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study to Determine the Immunologic Effects of a MAGE- A1, MAGE- A3, NY-ESO-1 Vaccine in Patients With High Risk Neuroblastoma, Osteogenic Sarcoma, and Rhabdomyosarcoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Penn State University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary objective is to determine if there is an amplification or new development of NY-ESO-1, MAGE-A1, or MAGE-A3 specific CD4+ or CD8+ T cells post-vaccination. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The investigators will determine the safety of vaccine and imiquimod administration in these patients. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: June 2009
Study Completion Date: August 2010
Primary Completion Date: August 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Vaccine Intervention
MAGE-A1, MAGE-A3, and NY-ESO-1 Vaccine: A regimen of three vaccines every two weeks. Each vaccine will contain 3,000,000-5,000,000 peptide pulsed dendritic cells. Imiquimod, a topical cream, will be applied to the vaccination site before and after each vaccination.
Biological: MAGE-A1, MAGE-A3, and NY-ESO-1 Vaccine
A regimen of three vaccines every two weeks. Each vaccine will contain 3,000,000-5,000,000 peptide pulsed dendritic cells. Imiquimod, a topical cream, will be applied to the vaccination site before and after each vaccination.

Detailed Description:

MAGE -A1, MAGE- A3, and NY-ESO-1 are antigens that can be found with significant frequency on neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and osteogenic sarcoma, three relatively common solid tumors that in some cases can be associated with a high risk for relapse. In this study each subject will be screened for the presence of these antigens, and an individualized vaccine will be developed and administered using the subject's own dendritic cells (DC).

This study consists of two phases: a screening phase and a treatment/vaccine phase. First, eligible individuals will be consented into the screening phase. Tumor specimens will be tested by immunohistochemistry or RT-PCR for the presence of MAGE- A1, MAGE- A3, and NY-ESO-1. Those testing positive for one or more antigen can be consented for the treatment phase of the study. Blood will be drawn for DC culture, and approximately one month later a series of three vaccines will be administered at two week intervals. Subjects will receive a topical medication called imiquimod to the vaccine site prior to and following each injection, to help immune cells travel into the area. Study participation occurs over 18 months and also involves periodic physical examinations and blood draws.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 70 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for Screening Phase:

Patient 1 to 70 years of age with neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, or osteogenic sarcoma, who have one or more of the following high risk features:

  • Neuroblastoma:

    • Stage IV disease
    • Stage III disease with n-myc amplification
  • Osteogenic sarcoma:

    • Presence of metastases
    • Elevated alkaline phosphatase or LDH at diagnosis
    • Primary tumor affecting the axial skeleton
    • Poor histopathological response after completion of pre-surgical chemotherapy (≥10% viable tumor)
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma:

    • Stage IV disease
    • Alveolar histology
    • Positive tumor margins, with lymph node positivity

Inclusion Criteria for Vaccine Phase:

  • Patient meets all screening criteria and tumor is positive for NY-ESO-1, MAGE- A1, or MAGE-A3 by immunohistochemistry or RT-PCR.
  • Patients who are between 3 months and 2 years following the completion of therapy, and have achieved at least a very good partial response to primary therapy.
  • No chemotherapy is planned for one month following the last vaccination.
  • Bilirubin <2 mg/dL, and SGOT/SGPT <2.5 x normal
  • Creatinine clearance > 50ml/min as estimated by patient's serum creatinine, weight, and age
  • Room air pulse oximetry >94%
  • Patient is not pregnant
  • Male and female sexually active patients of reproductive who wish to participate must agree to use acceptable contraception
  • Patient is not moribund and has a projected life expectancy >6 months
  • Lansky performance scale > 70, ECOG < 2 (Appendix I)
  • Potential subjects will be tested for HIV 1 and 2 antibodies, HTLV 1/2 antibodies, and for HIV 1, hepatitis C and hepatitis B virus by NAT testing. - -Subjects testing positive for any of these pathogens will be ineligible for vaccine.
  • White blood cells ≥ 2.5 K/µL, Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL, Hematocrit > 25%, and Platelets ≥ 70 K/µL
  • Patient does not have central nervous system involvement.
  • Patient does not a have a history of autoimmune disease, specifically inflammatory bowel disease, systemic lupus erythematosis, or rheumatoid arthritis
  • Patient is not receiving concurrent systemic steroid therapy
  • Patient does not have a known systemic hypersensitivity to imiquimod or any vaccine component
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00944580


Sponsors and Collaborators
Penn State University
Investigators
Study Chair: Kenneth G. Lucas, MD Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Penn State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00944580     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB 30761
PSHCI 09-033
First Submitted: July 21, 2009
First Posted: July 23, 2009
Last Update Posted: November 24, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Keywords provided by Penn State University:
MAGE-A1
MAGE-A3
NY-ESO-1
antigen
vaccine
dendritic cells
immunohistochemistry
immunology

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sarcoma
Neuroblastoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Osteosarcoma
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Myosarcoma
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs