Effect of Lactose, Fructose, Sucrose, Whey Protein, and Soy Protein on Substrate Absorption and Oxidation: a Pilot Study
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Does the consumption of various combinations of mono and disaccharides (lactose, sucrose and fructose) and protein isolates (whey or soy) result in altered substrate absorption, substrate oxidation, and glucose regulation? This proposed research will provide data to determine the relative contribution of source of protein (whey vs soy) and carbohydrate (mono- and disaccharides) on the observed effects of dairy products on absorption, substrate oxidation and glucoregulation mechanisms that affect body composition.
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Epidemiological research has shown that dairy products aid in weight loss and weight maintenance. Some evidence suggests that this effect is due to the whey component (which contains whey proteins and lactose) of milk. Previous work from our laboratory has demonstrated that chronic administration of whey protein concentrate results in decreased body fat and insulin concentration. Recent research (unpublished) from Castonguay and colleagues (University of Maryland, College Park, MD) has suggested that specific combinations of sucrose, maltose and lactose similarly alter body fat levels in rats. This proposed research will provide data to determine the relative contribution of source of protein (whey vs soy) and carbohydrate (mono- and disaccharides) on the observed effects of dairy products on absorption, substrate oxidation and glucoregulation mechanisms that affect body composition.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
25 Years to 65 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
BMI at least 20 and less than 38 kg/m2 and body weight < 300 lbs.
Age 25 to 65 years at beginning of study.
Fasting glucose < 126 mg/dL.
Blood pressure < 160/100 mm Hg.
Total plasma cholesterol < 280 mg/dL.
Nonsmokers or tobacco users (for at least 6 months prior to the start of the study.)
History or presence of kidney disease, liver disease, gout, certain cancers, thyroid disease, gastrointestinal, other metabolic diseases, or malabsorption syndromes.
Type 2 diabetes requiring the use of oral antidiabetic agents or insulin.
History of eating disorders.
Volunteers who routinely participate in heavy exercise or volunteers who initiate an exercise program during the study.
Volunteers who have lost 10% of body weight within the last 12 months .
Volunteers who have been on Atkins, South Beach or similar diet in 3 months prior to start of study.
Use of prescription or over-the-counter antiobesity medications or supplements (e.g., phenylpropanalamine, ephedrine, caffeine, during and for at least 6 months prior to the start of the study).
Known (self-reported) allergy or adverse reaction to dairy products (including lactose) or soy.
Volunteers who consume whey or soy protein supplements.