The Effect of Etomidate on Outcomes of Trauma Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00938990
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : July 14, 2009
Last Update Posted : December 1, 2011
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Erik Kulstad, MD, MS, Advocate Hospital System

Brief Summary:

Rationale: The drug etomidate causes increased mortality if used for continuous sedation in mechanically ventilated patients; however, etomidate continues to be widely used as a single-bolus induction agent for endotracheal intubation because of its favorable hemodynamic properties. Recent data have raised questions regarding the safety of using etomidate for even a single bolus in patients at risk of adrenal insufficiency, emphasizing the fact that single bolus doses of etomidate cause measurable adrenal suppression, and consequently may cause increases in vasopressor requirements and in hospital length of stay. Alternative FDA-approved induction agents, such as midazolam, may be safer than etomidate; however, no studies have formally compared these agents.

Research Hypothesis: The investigators hypothesize that in critically ill trauma patients presenting to the emergency department requiring rapid sequence intubation, the hospital length of stay for patients given etomidate will be greater than for patients given midazolam for induction.

Specific Aims: The specific aim is to determine the difference in hospital length of stay between trauma patients given etomidate and those given midazolam for induction during rapid sequence intubation in the emergency department. The investigators plan to compare the two groups in terms of hospital length of hospital stay, length of stay in the intensive care unit, and duration of intubation by performing a prospective, randomized, trial of critically ill trauma patients presenting to the emergency department requiring intubation. The investigators will also compare the mortality rates in these two groups while controlling for severity of illness and the use of steroids while hospitalized.

Significance: If the use of etomidate to induce anesthesia prior to intubation adversely affects the hospital length of stay of trauma patients, this length of stay might be reduced in such patients by using alternative agents for induction. Since etomidate is currently in widespread use as an induction agent, the results of this study could have significant implications for patient management.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Trauma Drug: Etomidate Drug: Midazolam Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Official Title: The Effect of Etomidate on Outcomes of Trauma Patients

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Midazolam Drug: Midazolam
Experimental: Etomidate Drug: Etomidate

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Length of Stay

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All critically ill trauma patients (defined as patients over the age of 14 years requiring trauma team activation) who present to the ED in need of ventilatory support due to the severity of their illness and injuries.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age less than 14, do-not-resuscitate status, or cardiopulmonary arrest prior to arrival in the ED.

Responsible Party: Erik Kulstad, MD, MS, Research Director, Advocate Hospital System Identifier: NCT00938990     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4667 - ACH IRB
First Posted: July 14, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 1, 2011
Last Verified: November 2011

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Wounds and Injuries
Adjuvants, Anesthesia
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Anesthetics, Intravenous
Anesthetics, General
GABA Modulators
GABA Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action