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Consequences From Use of Reminiscence: a Randomised Intervention Study in Ten Danish Nursing Homes

This study has been completed.
Nørrebro Erindringscenter - the Danish Centre for Reminiscence
VIA University College
Information provided by:
University of Southern Denmark Identifier:
First received: July 7, 2009
Last updated: July 9, 2009
Last verified: July 2009
Reminiscence is the systematic use of memories and recollections to strengthen self-identity and self-worth. The study aim was to investigate the consequences for nursing home residents and staff of integrating reminiscence into daily nursing care. Ten nursing homes were randomised into either an Intervention Group, who implemented reminiscence, or a Control Group, who continued with usual care. Data were collected at baseline and again 6 and 12 months after the intervention start. Results suggested that use of reminiscence can improve residents' quality of life and possibly delay progression in dementia symptoms. Nursing staff can experience greater satisfaction with personal and professional roles and develop a more positive view of the residents.

Condition Intervention
Consequences for Nursing Home Residents and Staff of Integrating Reminiscence Into Daily Nursing Care. Behavioral: Implementation of reminiscence

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Southern Denmark:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Nurses' attitudes towards professional role and contact with residents [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Residents' quality of life (proxy assessment) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Study Start Date: August 2005
Study Completion Date: June 2008
Primary Completion Date: September 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Implementation of reminiscence
Individual and group reminiscence sessions held with residents, supplemented by reminiscence boxes, posters and exhibitions.
Behavioral: Implementation of reminiscence
No Intervention: Usual nursing care


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All

Inclusion Criteria:

  • nursing homes in the Mid-Jutland Region with at least one 35 residents who were willing to particpate in study
  • signed informed consent from residents/relatives

Exclusion Criteria:

  • nursing homes that already used reminiscence on a systematic basis
  • nursing homes with recent organisational changes/extensive staff training
  • residents in protected-environment units, were bed-ridden/terminally ill or on short-term placement.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00937885

CAST - Centre for Applied Health Services Research & Technology Assessment, University of Southern Denmark
Odense, Denmark, 5000
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern Denmark
Nørrebro Erindringscenter - the Danish Centre for Reminiscence
VIA University College
  More Information

Responsible Party: Charlotte Horsted, CAST - Centre for Applied Health Services Research & Technology Assessment Identifier: NCT00937885     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2005-41-4870
Study First Received: July 7, 2009
Last Updated: July 9, 2009

Keywords provided by University of Southern Denmark:
Nursing home staff
Nursing home residents
Elderly processed this record on August 23, 2017