Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccination Among Rural African American Primary Caregivers and Daughters
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00937287|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 10, 2009
Last Update Posted : August 14, 2013
African American women living in the rural South are twice as likely as Caucasian women to develop cervical cancer and die of invasive cervical cancer at a higher rate than any other racial/ethnic group in the US (1). Reasons for low HPV vaccination rates among rural African Americans are not well understood. HPV vaccination compliance is likely influenced by barriers to health care access, misinformation regarding vaccinations, religious beliefs related to sexual health and behaviors, and mistrust of the medical community (2, 3). Because the vaccination of minors requires primary caregiver consent, vaccination commitment and compliance is strongly influenced by family beliefs and communication regarding health and sexuality. To date, little research has examined the cultural, familial, and intrapersonal influences on HPV vaccination compliance among rural African American women. This study will address these gaps in the literature and provide data needed to develop effective interventions and health promotion materials to encourage HPV vaccination among rural African American women.
From a pool of approximately 800 families who are participating in ongoing longitudinal research through the Center for Family Research at the University of Georgia, the investigators will recruit 200 rural female African American youth aged 13-17 who have not received the HPV vaccine and their primary caregivers (n=200) into an observational, prospective study on vaccination commitment and compliance. The investigators hypotheses are as follows:
- Sociocultural factors that rural African Americans experience, including discrimination, previous health care experience, religious beliefs, and community norms regarding HPV vaccination and adolescent sexual behavior, will forecast primary caregivers' HPV vaccination commitment and compliance for their daughters. The investigators also predict that primary caregivers' HPV-related knowledge and attitudes will mediate this association.
- Sociocultural factors will influence sexual health-related family communication and interaction, primary caregivers' and youths' HPV-related attitudes, and HPV vaccination commitment and compliance.
- Primary caregivers' attitudes, youths' attitudes, and family health communication will contribute to youths' and caregivers' vaccination commitment and compliance.
- Youths' sexual behavior will influence their attitudes, family health communication, and vaccination commitment and compliance.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Human Papillomavirus||Other: There is no intervention in this study.|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||410 participants|
|Official Title:||Understanding HPV Vaccination Among Rural African American Primary Caregivers and Daughters|
|Study Start Date :||July 2009|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 2011|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 2012|
|youth and caregivers||
Other: There is no intervention in this study.
No intervention is provided in this study as it is exploratory.
- HPV vaccination compliance [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00937287
|United States, Georgia|
|The Center for Family Research|
|Athens, Georgia, United States, 30602|
|Principal Investigator:||Stephanie R. Burwell, PhD||University of Georgia|