NIH Substudy of AIN457 (Anti-IL-17 Monoclonal Antibody) for Treatment of Moderate to Severe Crohn's Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00936585
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study halted by the sponsor)
First Posted : July 10, 2009
Results First Posted : January 11, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 11, 2016
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:
The objective of this NIH-specific substudy is immunologic monitoring of cytokine and immune cell responses in subjects undergoing treatment with AIN457 (human monoclonal anti-human interleukin-17A) for moderate to severe Crohn's disease. Recent data suggests that interleukin-17 (IL-17) is an important mediator of inflammation in certain animal models of Crohn's disease, and treatment aimed at blocking the IL-23-IL-17 axis can ameliorate the inflammatory changes. In addition, elevated expression of IL-l7 has been found in the gut tissue of patients with active Crohn's disease. This substudy will measure changes in cytokine production, relevant RNA expression, and immune cell populations (in the periphery and lamina propria) for correlation with clinical outcomes in order to explore the mechanisms of therapeutic response.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colitis Crohn's Disease Inflammatory Bowel Disease Other: Immunologic Monitoring Not Applicable

  Show Detailed Description

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: NIH SUBSTUDY:Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group Proof-of-concept Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Two Single Infusions of AIN457 in Patients With Moderate to Severe Active Crohn's Disease
Study Start Date : July 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Crohn's Disease
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Immunologic Monitoring
Blood draws and colonoscopy performed on patients enrolled in both intervention arms of the main study
Other: Immunologic Monitoring
blood draws and colonoscopy before and after receiving study drug

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immunologic Data [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 weeks ]
    Changes in immunological parameters in blood and lamina propria immune cells

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

    1. Male or female; 18-75 years old
    2. All female subjects must have negative pregnancy test results at screening and baseline. Women of childbearing potential (WoCBP) must be using simultaneously double-barrier or two acceptable methods of contraception, (e.g., intra-uterine device plus condom, spermicidal gel plus condom, diaphragm plus condom, etc. Hormone replacement as either oral or implantable is acceptable as one form), from the time of screening and for the duration of the study, through study completion and for 4 months following study completion.

      Periodic abstinence (e.g. calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.

      Postmenopausal females must have had no regular menstrual bleeding for at least two (2) years prior to initial dosing. Menopause will be confirmed by a serum FSH level of > 40 IU/L at screening. Pregnancy test will be required only at screening.

      Female subjects who report surgical sterilization must have had the procedure at least six (6) months prior to initial dosing. Surgical sterilization procedures should be supported with clinical documentation made available to the sponsor and noted in the Relevant Medical History/Current Medical Conditions section of the CRF.

      If female subjects have male partners who have undergone vasectomy, the vasectomy must have occurred more than six (6) months prior to first dosing.

    3. Male subjects willing to use simultaneously two acceptable methods of contraception (e.g. spermicidal gel plus condom) for entire duration of the study, up to the study completion visit and at least for 6 months following the completion of the study.

      Periodic abstinence and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.

    4. Diagnosis of Crohn's disease for at least 3 months prior to screening
    5. Confirmation of Crohn's disease by endoscopic or imaging examination
    6. Moderate to severe active Crohn's disease at baseline, defined as:

      --CDAI greater than or equal to 220 and less than or equal to 450

    7. Patients with active disease despite prior treatment with corticosteroids for at least 2 weeks, or immunosuppressants for at least 3 months.

      • Patients who are being treated with azathioprine, 6-MP or MTX are eligible but must have been on a stable dose for at least 10 weeks prior to baseline.
      • Patients treated with corticosteroids are eligible but must have been on stable doses of prednisolone not exceeding 40 mg for two weeks prior to baseline.
      • Patients who are being treated with immunosuppressants other than those listed above, such as cyclosporine, tacrolimus and mycophenolate, are not eligible. These subjects will be required to stop immunosuppressants prior to baseline. These patients are eligible after observing a wash out period as specified in Exclusion criterion #7.
    8. Absence of clinically relevant abnormalities for screening laboratory test results
    9. Able to communicate well with the investigator, and to understand and comply with the requirements of the study.
    10. Understand and sign the written informed consent.


Subjects meeting any of the following criteria will be excluded from entry into or continuation in the study, unless sponsor approval is obtained:

  1. Body Mass Index is greater than 34.
  2. Positive Purified Protein Derivative (PPD) tuberculin skin test of greater than or equal to 5 mm at screening or 6 months prior to screening. A positive PPD test will be defined using the [MMWR 2000 guidance], summarized as criteria for tuberculin positivity by risk group.

    • A PPD test should not be done in subjects who had a tuberculosis vaccination in the past. These subjects will be eligible to participate if, according to local guidelines, latent tuberculosis can be excluded.
    • For those study sites using QuantiFeron test a positive test at screening will exclude the subject from the participation in the study.
    • If the result for either PPD or QuantiFeron test is indeterminate, the subject will be excluded.
  3. Subjects with symptoms associated with active bowel stricturing disease and pre-stenotic dilation on radiographs.
  4. Fistulizing disease if complicated by sepsis and/or untreated abscess.
  5. Subjects with multiple bowel surgeries and clinically important short bowel syndrome defined as an inability to maintain caloric intake.
  6. a. Concomitant treatment with anti-TNF-alpha therapy (or other biological therapy) and systemic immunosuppressive agents such as cyclosporine, mycophenolate, pimecrolimus, or tacrolimus, except azathioprine, its metabolite 6-MP and MTX.

    The following washout period will be required for subjects to be eligible to participate in the trial.

    • Three (3) months washout prior to baseline for certolizumab
    • Two (2) months washout prior to baseline for adalimumab, etanercept and infliximab
    • One (1) month washout prior to baseline for cyclosporine, mycophenolate, pimecrolimus, tacrolimus, and any other systemic immunosuppressants not listed under exclusion criterion # 7b

      6b. Patients who are being treated with azathioprine, 6-MP or MTX are eligible but must have been on a stable dose for at least 10 weeks prior to baseline and throughout the whole study period.

  7. Prior therapy with rituximab.
  8. Receiving corticosteroid dose equivalent to a greater than 40mg dose of prednisone per day.
  9. Subjects demonstrating clinical improvement due to other Crohn's therapy.
  10. Current signs or symptoms of severe, progressive, or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, cardiac, neurologic, cerebral, psychiatric, or other disease which would make the subject unsuitable for the trial.
  11. Subjects with active or history of clinically significant cardiac abnormalities, for example:

    • Requiring drugs with QT-prolonging properties (e.g. antiarrhythmic drugs, such as amiodarone, sotalol, dofetilide, quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide).
    • QTc greater than 450msec long QT-syndrome (own or with a family history) or with a family history of sudden unexplained death.
    • Left branch bundle block (LBBB), or subjects who have been hospitalized for heart failure of cardiac etiology, in the previous 6 months, and subjects who have significant and persistent left-ventricular dysfunction (LVEF less than 40%).
    • History of in the preceding 3 months, significant and persistent arrhythmias such as ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia, or atrial fibrillation or flutter.
    • Symptomatic coronary artery disease.
    • Presence of severe cardiac disease (New York Heart Association Classification greater than or equal to III) and/or abnormal ECG, considered by the investigator to be unsafe for the study.
  12. Liver disease or liver injury as indicated by abnormal liver function tests such as SGOT (AST), SGPT (ALT), gamma-GGT, alkaline phosphatase, or serum bilirubin. The Investigator should be guided by the following criteria:

    • Any single parameter may not exceed 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). A single parameter elevated up to and including 2 times the ULN should be re-checked once more as soon as possible, and in all cases, at least prior to enrollment/randomization, to rule out lab error.
    • If the total bilirubin concentration is increased above 2 times the ULN, total bilirubin should be differentiated into the direct and indirect reacting bilirubin. In any case, serum bilirubin should not exceed the value of 1.6 mg/dL (27 micromol/L).

    Re-check results must be within normal limits (or returning to within normal limits) in order for subject to qualify.

  13. Total WBC count which falls outside the range of 4500-13,000/microL, or platelets less than 100,000/microL at screening.
  14. History of severe hypersensitivity to any biological agents (antibody or soluble receptor), including serious allergic reaction (hypotension, wheezing, urticaria), lupus-like syndrome or demyelinating disease.
  15. Donation or loss of 400 mL or more of blood within 8 weeks prior to dosing or longer if required by local regulation.
  16. Administration of live vaccines within 6-month prior to dosing.
  17. History of immunodeficiency diseases, including a positive HIV (ELISA and Western blot) test result.
  18. A positive Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or Hepatitis C test result.
  19. Significant illness within the two weeks prior to dosing or any active systemic infection or medical condition that may require treatment or therapeutic intervention during the study.
  20. Subjects with:

    • History or presence of impaired renal function as indicated by clinically significantly abnormal creatinine greater than 1.3 mg/dL or blood urea nitrogen (BUN) greater than 30 mg/dL, or the presence of greater than +1 albumin on the urinary dipstick.
    • Presence of proteinuria, active sediments, casts or WBCs in urine.
    • Evidence of urinary obstruction or difficulty in voiding at screening.
    • History of renal trauma, glomerulonephritis, or subject with one kidney.
  21. History of malignancy (other than basal cell carcinoma or adequately treated carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix).
  22. Unable or unwilling to undergo multiple venipunctures because of poor tolerability or lack of easy access to veins.
  23. Conditions associated with an immune-compromised condition such as recent surgical procedure; or history of drug or alcohol abuse within the 12 months prior to dosing. Subjects who are unable to discontinue analgesic medications containing opiates and opioids, as well as cannabinoids for medical use.
  24. Participation in any clinical investigation within four (4) weeks prior to initial dosing or five half-lives of the investigational agent, whichever is longer, and for any other limitation of participation based on local regulations.


  1. Platelet count less than 100,000 mm(3)
  2. Prothrombin Time International Normalized ration (PT INR) greater than 1.3 or Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) 3 sec than control

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00936585

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Principal Investigator: Michael D Yao, MD National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Identifier: NCT00936585     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 090175
09-I-0175 ( Other Identifier: NIAID )
First Posted: July 10, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 11, 2016
Last Update Posted: January 11, 2016
Last Verified: December 2015

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Crohn's Disease
Anti IL-17 Monoclonal Antibody
Crohn Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Crohn Disease
Intestinal Diseases
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs