Antioxidant Replacement Therapy in Patients With Alcohol Abuse

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00936000
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 9, 2009
Last Update Posted : February 7, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Colorado, Denver

Brief Summary:

Alcohol is one of the most commonly abused drugs in the world. Up to 40% of medical and surgical patients have alcohol related problems, and alcohol use accounts for more than 10% of U.S. health care costs. In the intensive care unit (ICU), patients with a history of alcohol abuse are common where their rates of mortality and ICU-related morbidity are significantly higher when compared to patients without a history of alcohol abuse. Though ICU patients are a heterogeneous group, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), a devastating form of acute lung injury, is one of the more frequent diagnoses among these critically ill patients.

In 1996, we made the novel observation that a prior history of chronic alcohol abuse is associated with an increased incidence and severity of ARDS in critically ill patients. In our epidemiological studies of over 570 critically ill patients, 50% of all patients with ARDS have a significant history of chronic alcohol abuse. Since ARDS affects approximately 150,000 patients per year in the United States, and mortality is 40-50% even in previously healthy individuals, alcohol-related ARDS is an enormous national health care problem. We estimate that between 15,000 and 25,000 deaths per year in the United States are associated with alcohol-related ARDS, a number consistent with or even exceeding the number of deaths due to many other alcohol-related diseases such as cirrhosis of the liver and alcohol-related traffic accidents. Further investigations of the association between chronic alcohol abuse and ARDS are needed to develop therapies that improve morbidity and mortality in this important patient population.

The clinical syndrome of ARDS is defined as refractory hypoxemia with bilateral infiltrates on chest radiograph in the absence of left atrial hypertension. Pathophysiologically, ARDS is characterized by diffuse alveolar damage, increased pulmonary alveolar-capillary permeability, and the subsequent accumulation of extravascular lung water. In animal models of chronic alcohol abuse, we showed that chronic ethanol ingestion causes chronic oxidative stress, depletes lung glutathione, impairs alveolar-capillary barrier function, and exaggerates endotoxin-mediated acute lung injury. Ethanol-mediated disruption of the alveolar-capillary barrier, and the associated susceptibility to acute edematous injury, is modified by glutathione (GSH) replacement therapy in animal models.

Responding to NIH emphasis on studies of the mechanisms of disease and evaluation of therapies in human subjects, our group has initiated translational studies that expand our basic observations of the effects of chronic alcohol abuse on ARDS to the clinical setting. We recently reported that lung epithelial lining fluid from individuals with a prior history of chronic alcohol abuse is deficient in GSH, an essential antioxidant. The translational experiments outlined in this proposal will identify alterations in the structure and function of the lung in individuals with a history of chronic alcohol abuse and test a novel medical therapy that may ultimately decrease the morbidity and mortality for 50,000-75,000 ARDS patients with a prior history of chronic alcohol abuse per year in the United States.

We propose the following hypothesis that antioxidant deficiency is a cause of abnormal alveolar-capillary barrier function in individuals with a history of chronic alcohol abuse, and oral anti-oxidant replacement therapy will correct the abnormality.

If this hypothesis can be confirmed, this work would pave the way for testing antioxidant replacement as prophylaxis against acute lung injury in alcoholic patients at risk for the development of ARDS.

Specific Aim: To determine the safety and efficacy of in vivo antioxidant replacement therapy on alveolar-capillary barrier function in individuals with a history of chronic alcohol abuse.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alcohol Abuse Dietary Supplement: Protandim Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 38 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Double Blinded Placebo Controlled Trial of Protandim for Individuals With a History of Alcohol Abuse
Study Start Date : June 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Antioxidants

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: protandim therapy for 7 days Dietary Supplement: Protandim
The dosage of Protandim will be 1350 mg per day given p.o. in two equally divided doses

Placebo Comparator: placebo arm
Individuals will receive a placebo equivalent in two equally divided doses for seven days
Dietary Supplement: Protandim
The dosage of Protandim will be 1350 mg per day given p.o. in two equally divided doses

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Improvement in alveolar capillary barrier function [ Time Frame: within 7 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Improvement in alveolar macrophage function [ Time Frame: within 7 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects will be eligible to participate in the study if they meet all of the following criteria at study entry:

  • Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score of 8 or more,
  • Alcohol use within the seven days prior to enrollment
  • Age ≥ 21 and < 55 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior medical history of liver disease (documented history of cirrhosis, total bilirubin ≥ 2.0 mg/dL, or albumin < 3.0)
  • Prior medical history of gastrointestinal bleeding (due to the concern of varices)
  • Prior medical history of heart disease (documentation of ejection fraction < 50%, myocardial infarction, or severe valvular dysfunction)
  • Prior medical history of renal disease (end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis, or a serum creatinine ≥ 2 mg/dL)
  • Prior medical history of lung disease defined as an abnormal chest radiograph or spirometry (FVC or FEV1<80%)
  • Concurrent illicit drug use defined as a positive toxicology screen
  • Prior history of diabetes mellitus
  • Prior history of HIV infection
  • Failure of the patient to provide informed consent
  • Refusal of the patient's attending physician to provide consent to participate
  • Pregnancy
  • No prior history of recent acetaminophen use due to the effects of this drug on hepatic glutathione concentrations (96)
  • History of malnutrition as defined as a Nutritional Risk Index of less than 90. This index relies on the serum albumin concentration and the percentage of usual body weight in the following manner; NRI = 100x [1.59 x albumin (g/l)] + [0.417 x (current weight/usual body weight in the past 6 months)].
  • Homeless population (who do not have transitional housing)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00936000

United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Denver
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Colorado, Denver
Study Chair: Marc Moss, M.D. University of Colorado, Denver

Responsible Party: University of Colorado, Denver Identifier: NCT00936000     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 08-0622
First Posted: July 9, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 7, 2013
Last Verified: July 2009

Keywords provided by University of Colorado, Denver:
alcohol abuse
alveolar capillary permeability

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcohol-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs