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Sleep Management in Cancer Survivors

This study has been completed.
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yoshio Nakamura, University of Utah Identifier:
First received: June 18, 2009
Last updated: April 14, 2017
Last verified: April 2017

The pilot project will investigate three short-term intervention programs for sleep management in cancer survivors in a randomized controlled clinical study. Three programs to be examined in the study are:

  1. the mind-body bridging program (MBBP),
  2. mindfulness meditation program (MMP), and
  3. sleep education program (SEP).

Condition Intervention
Behavioral: Sleep Education Program
Behavioral: Mind-Body Bridging Program
Behavioral: Mindfulness Meditation Program

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of Three Short-term Intervention Programs for Sleep Management in Cancer Survivors

Further study details as provided by University of Utah:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Medical Outcomes Study-Sleep Scale [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Week 1, Week 2, Week 3, Post treatment, Follow up ]
  • Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - General [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Post treatment, Follow up ]
  • Perceived Stress Scale [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Week 1, Week 2, Week 3, Post treatment, Follow up ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Impact of Event Scale [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Post treatment, Follow up ]
  • Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Post treatment, Follow up ]
  • Positive Affect-Negative Affect [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Week 1, Week 2, Week 3, Post treatment, Follow up ]
  • Five-factor Mindfulness Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Post treatment, Follow up ]
  • Self-Compassion Scale [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Post treatment, Follow up ]
  • Well-Being Index [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Week 1, Week 2, Week 3, Post treatment, Follow up ]

Enrollment: 57
Study Start Date: May 2009
Study Completion Date: July 2010
Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Mind-Body Bridging Program
The Mind-Body Bridging Program (MBBP) is an awareness training program (ATP)to help individuals improve their health condition and attain a state of well-being. Bridging is the primary technique that facilitates the healing process, by bringing one back to the present moment to experience thoughts, emotions and physical sensations. Bridging aims to reduce the impact of negative thought patterns that contribute to stress in the body.
Behavioral: Mind-Body Bridging Program
Bridging aims to reduce the impact of negative thought patterns that contribute to stress in the body.
Other Name: MBBP
Experimental: Mindfulness Meditation Program
Mindfulness Meditation Program (MMP) is based on Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), which teaches participants mindfulness skills such as meditation and yoga. Mindfulness may be defined as paying attention in a particular way, on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally. The goal of MBSR is to provide participants with experiential tools and mindfulness practices to assist them to become more mindful of themselves, others and their external environment. The techniques are easy to learn and teach individuals to be aware of the present moment, with an open mind in which they can perceive their thoughts, physical sensations, and emotions nonjudgmentally.
Behavioral: Mindfulness Meditation Program
Mindfulness Meditation Program is based on Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, which teaches participants awareness and mindfulness skills using techniques that include a basic meditation practice and yoga.
Other Name: MMP
Active Comparator: Sleep Education Program
The Sleep Education Program (SEP) will serve as the control intervention in which participants will receive classes informing them how to change their habits to improve their sleep, and what to do if they have concerns about their sleep quality.
Behavioral: Sleep Education Program
Treatment as usual.
Other Name: SEP

Detailed Description:
This pilot randomized study investigates whether the two awareness training programs (ATP), MBBP and MMP are effective in improving sleep disturbance and in reducing stress in post-treatment cancer patients. The two experimental conditions and the SEP control will each comprise 3 sessions of 2 hr. duration and conducted over 3 consecutive weeks (Week 1-3).

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Selection of subjects will be based on their exhibiting sleep disturbance as assessed by a validated sleep questionnaire (MOS Sleep Scale, Hayes et al, 2005).
  2. Participant is willing to be randomized to any one of the three interventions, will be willing to attend all three classes, complete self-report questionnaires and collect saliva samples, at pre- and post- treatment, weekly intervals and 2-3 months follow-up.
  3. Participant must be English speaking and comprehend information presented during the course of study, including the consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Underlying psychiatric illness, such as severe or untreated psychopathology (e.g. schizophrenia), or cognitive impairments, neurologic disorders, or dementia.
  2. Use of psychotropic medication for any of the above, and for any other unspecified condition.
  3. Has had previous exposure to MBBP or MBSR/MMP.
  4. Incidence of metastatic cancer
  5. Currently taking immuno-suppressants and/or corticosteroids.
  6. Compromised physical health, in which individual has impaired mobility: unable to carry out movement exercises, cannot lie down on the floor, kneel, get up from the floor to a standing position.
  7. Individuals who are considered at the 'end-of-life' stage of their cancer.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00935376

United States, Utah
Yoshio Nakamura, Ph.D.
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84108
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Utah
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Principal Investigator: Yoshio Nakamura, Ph.D. University of Utah
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Yoshio Nakamura, Assistant Professor, University of Utah Identifier: NCT00935376     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 33669
5R21AT002209 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: June 18, 2009
Last Updated: April 14, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by University of Utah:
Sleep Management
Awareness Training Programs
Mindfulness Meditation
Mind Body Bridging processed this record on April 28, 2017