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Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to Evaluate Brain Injury in Congenital Heart Disease (CHD Brain)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00932633
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 3, 2009
Last Update Posted : February 10, 2016
Children's Healthcare of Atlanta
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
William T. Mahle, MD, Emory University

Brief Summary:

Infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) requiring surgery frequently have brain injury seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This occurs in approximately 40% of these newborns, and even though these are full-term infants, the injury seen closely resembles the same form of brain injury that can be seen in premature babies. Much like premature newborns, infants with CHD also have long-term neurodevelopmental problems (in over 50%).

The investigators do not know why infants with CHD get this specific form of brain injury. One risk factor is felt to be the inflammation that occurs in response to heart-lung bypass (cardiopulmonary bypass, or CPB), a necessary feature of open-heart surgery. Newborns have a stronger inflammatory reaction to CPB than older children or adults. The investigators do know from animal experiments and other human data that inflammation can be harmful to the developing brain.

The investigators hypothesize that children with CHD requiring surgery as a newborn have brain injury due to toxicity from the inflammatory response. The investigators will test this by enrolling newborns undergoing heart surgery to measure markers of inflammation, measure brain injury by MRI, and then test their developmental outcome at 1 and 2 years of age.

An association between inflammation and injury might impact what medicines are chosen to protect the brain in future studies, even in other populations such as preterm infants.

Condition or disease
Neonatal Congenital Heart Disease

Detailed Description:
Term infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) requiring neonatal surgery have an unusual susceptibility to white matter injury (WMI), a neuropathology typically seen in preterm infants. The mechanism of this brain injury is unclear. Newborns with CHD may experience a dramatic peri-operative inflammatory response during critical periods of neurodevelopment. Experimental models suggest certain pro-inflammatory cytokines can be toxic to developing oligodendrocytes, resulting in white matter pathology. The consequence of exposure to the systemic inflammatory response (SIR) in this group of patients is unknown; however, neuroimaging abnormalities (seen in approximately 40%) and neurodevelopmental impairment (noted in approximately 50%) are both well established in children with CHD. We hypothesize that term newborns with complex CHD requiring neonatal surgery have WMI due to neurotoxicity from the profound peri-operative inflammatory response. These hypotheses will be tested in a prospective longitudinal study that will characterize the SIR (Aim 1) in a heterogeneous group of congenital lesions/surgeries, assess brain injury in the post-operative period (Aim 2), asses neurodevelopment outcomes at 1 and 2 years (Aim 3), and determine whether inflammation plays a mechanistic role (Aim 2a, 3a).

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 92 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Role of Inflammatory Response in Brain Injury Following Neonatal Cardiac Surgery
Study Start Date : August 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary outcome will be a measure of the association of pro-inflammatory cytokines with WMI score [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Association between inflammatory response and neurodevelopmental testing [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  2. Association of neuroimaging abnormalities with neurodevelopmental testing [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
dried blood spot sample

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 30 Days   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
newborns with congenital heart disease requiring surgery during the first 30 days of life

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Term or near-term (> 35 week gestation) neonates with CHD presenting for cardiac surgery
  • Less than 30 days old
  • No patient will be excluded because of race or ethnicity
  • Parental or legal guardian consent will be obtained for all patients prior to enrollment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Newborns with multiple organ abnormalities in addition to their heart defect such as diaphragmatic hernia, tracheo-esophageal fistula, and congenital syndromes will be excluded from participation
  • Newborns with either genetic syndromes or congenital infections that are associated with developmental delay will also be excluded
  • Newborns with perinatal depression as defined by a cord blood gas pH < 7.0 or a 5 minute Apgar score < 5, will be excluded
  • Patients with multiple organ failure, syndromes, and perinatal depression have other causes for neurodevelopmental abnormalities
  • Those patients unable to return for postoperative follow-up and neurodevelopmental testing will also be excluded from participation
  • Parent or legal guardian unable or unwilling to consent
  • Non-English speaking families

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00932633

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United States, Georgia
Children's Healthcare of Atlanta
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
Children's Healthcare of Atlanta
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Principal Investigator: William T Mahle, MD Emory University

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Responsible Party: William T. Mahle, MD, Associate Professor, Emory University Identifier: NCT00932633     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00017965
17965 ( Other Identifier: Other )
First Posted: July 3, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 10, 2016
Last Verified: February 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by William T. Mahle, MD, Emory University:
neonatal brain injury
congenital heart disease
magnetic resonance imaging
cardiopulmonary bypass
neurodevelopmental outcome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Diseases
Heart Defects, Congenital
Cardiovascular Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Congenital Abnormalities
Brain Injuries
Craniocerebral Trauma
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries
Cardiovascular Abnormalities