Colorectal Inflammatory Response to a Western-Style Diet

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00932308
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 3, 2009
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rockefeller University

Brief Summary:
The investigators are involved in a research program to understand how different diets may affect the risk of colorectal polyps and cancer. To that end, the investigators are conducting a study of a western style diet versus a "prudent style" diet in which volunteer subjects are provided a different diet for 2 separate 4 week periods at the Rockefeller University Hospital. During one of these 4 week inpatient periods they receive a Western style diet and during the other 4 week inpatient period they receive a "Prudent style" diet. The investigators will determine changes within the colon as a result of the two different diets. A more detailed description of the study is provided below.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Dietary Supplement: Western-style diet (WD) Dietary Supplement: Prudent Diet (PD) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Study subjects participate for about 3 months. During this time, there is one outpatient visit, a 4 week inpatient period, a 4 week outpatient period known as a wash out period and finally another 4 week inpatient period. During the inpatient periods The Rockefeller University Hospital becomes your home the subject must sleep here every night and consume all the food provided. During the screening visit blood and urine samples will be taken and an EKC (electrocardiogram) and a complete physical exam will be done. After enrollment into the study, the first 4 week inpatient period begins. You may continue to go to work or do other activities as long as you eat the diet provided and sleep at the Rockefeller University Hospital. You must eat everything that we give you and you may not substitute or supplement the diet in any way. During each 4 week stay at The Rockefeller University Hospital, there will be three flexible sigmoidoscopies done and biopsies taken of the mucosal lining of the colorectum. This procedure is painless and takes about 5 minutes. In addition, blood and stool samples will be taken every few days for follow-up and research, two 24 hour urine samples will be done on separate days during the hospitalization. Vital signs are measured every day and your weight will be measured three times per week. During the four week wash out period, the subject will return to their home, go about their normal activities and consume their normal diet. The subject will return to The Rockefeller University Hospital for the second 4 week inpatient period. The procedures and laboratory tests are the same during the second inpatient period. The study concludes with the subjects discharge from the RUH.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Colorectal Inflammatory Response to a Western-Style Diet
Study Start Date : September 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2008

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 1
Western-style, high-fat, low-calcium diet (WD)
Dietary Supplement: Western-style diet (WD)
Will comprise of approximately 40% fat, 40% carbohydrates, 20% protein, and 350mg calcium, prepared by the Bionutrition Department using the USDA Nutrient Database.
Active Comparator: 2
Prudent, low-fat, calcium sufficient diet (PD)
Dietary Supplement: Prudent Diet (PD)
Will contain approximately 20% fat, 60% carbohydrate, 20% protein, and 1100mg calcium; the diets will consist of a 2-day rotating metabolic menu.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The degree of inflammation in the rectosigmoid epithelium as judged by the density and composition of the cellular infiltration. [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 28 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Expression Profiles of pro- and anti-inflammatory genes in rectosigmoid biopsies as determined by microarray assay and RT-PCR. [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 28 ]
  2. Selected pro- and anti-inflammatory proteins in rectal biopsies [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 28 ]
  3. The levels of selected circulating and potential urinary inflammatory markers [ Time Frame: Day 27 ]
  4. The concentration of fecal calprotectin [ Time Frame: Day -1, 7,14,21 and 27 ]
  5. Changes in bulk fecal and epithelial associated microbiota that may determine changes in colorectal epithelial cell biologic pathways. [ Time Frame: Days -1, 7,14,21 and 27 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 72 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy male and post-menopausal healthy female subjects, aged 50-72 years, who have had a colorectal adenoma removed, or have a first or second degree relative with colorectal neoplasia and thus are themselves at risk for colorectal cancer.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Personal history of cancer other than non-melanoma skin cancer within the past 10 years
  • History of hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer
  • Intestinal malabsorption, inflammatory bowel disease
  • Prior gastrointestinal surgery other than appendectomy or surgery of the esophagus
  • Any excess bleeding or coagulation disorders
  • Subjects taking anti-coagulants, sterol-binding resins, NSAIDs other than aspirin, < 600mg per day, other study medications, or other multiple medications that might, in the view of the study physicians, alter colonic function of inflammation
  • Sustained blood pressure > 150/95 mm Hg for three consecutive readings
  • Total cholesterol greater than 240mg/dL, triglycerides >600mg, LDL-C > 175
  • Subjects with a history of coronary artery disease, with EKG changes consistent with a past myocardial infarction
  • HIV positive subjects
  • Subjects taking antibiotics, anti-diabetes, hormone replacement therapy, oral, transplanted or injected contraceptives (thyroid hormone therapy is permitted as long as the subjects is euthyroid)
  • Subjects consuming a vegetarian diet or a very "prudent diet"

Withdrawal Criteria:

  • If a subject is suspected of having taken illicit drugs, the subject will be asked to take a urine test. If positive, the subject will be withdrawn from the study
  • The subject takes any medication prescribed without prior approval of the investigator
  • Persistent noncompliance with the diets prescribed by the RUH nutritionists

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00932308

United States, New York
Rockefeller University
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rockefeller University
Principal Investigator: Peter Holt, MD Rockefeller University

Responsible Party: Rockefeller University Identifier: NCT00932308     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PHO-0588
First Posted: July 3, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 17, 2012
Last Verified: February 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Calcium, Dietary
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs