Effect of Diet Composition on Liver Fat and Glucose Metabolism (DietLFAT)
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A condition called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is characterized by fat accumulation in the liver and associated inflammation. This condition is strongly associated with obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Diets high in saturated fat result in fatty liver, insulin resistance and liver injury in animal models. Dietary composition may contribute not only to hepatic fat accumulation and insulin resistance but may also promote inflammation leading to chronic liver disease in humans. This study will test the hypothesis that a diet high in fat and saturated fat contributes to liver fat accumulation, insulin resistance and inflammation by comparing the effects of a four-week, weight stable high fat/high saturated fat diet (55% calories from fat/25% saturated fat) with a four-week, weight stable low fat/low saturated fat diet (20% fat/8% saturated fat) in overweight and obese subjects.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 55 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Age 18-55 years old, men and women, otherwise in good general health, BMI >27 kg/m2
Abnormal glucose tolerance, fasting glucose>100 mg/dl or diabetes
History of liver condition or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) above the upper limit of the normal range
Use of medications that cause insulin resistance or fatty liver: niacin, glucocorticoids, estrogens, tamoxifen, amiodarone, accutane, sertraline, atypical antipsychotics, anti-HIV medications
Chronic use of anti-inflammatory medications (aspirin, ibuprofen, naprosyn, steroids, etc)
Average alcohol intake >20 grams/day
Creatinine >1.5 mg/dl for men and >1.4 mg/dl for women
Pregnancy or lactation
Significant weight loss within the past 6 months (>5% body weight)
Claustrophobia or any contraindications to being placed in the magnet for the MRS scan such as pacemakers, defibrillators, brain aneurysm clips, etc.
Other serious medical conditions or inflammatory conditions such as cancer, inflammatory arthritis, etc.
History of multiple food allergies or intolerances or severe food allergies
History of coronary artery disease, history of or treatment of hyperlipidemia, LDL >200 mg/dl, fasting triglycerides >300 mg/dl