Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of AIN457 in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Taking Methotrexate (MTX)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00928512
First received: June 25, 2009
Last updated: July 1, 2015
Last verified: June 2015
  Purpose

This study will assess at Week 16 the efficacy and safety of AIN457 at different doses in patients with active RA despite stable MTX therapy. Treatment will continue up to Week 48 with a safety follow-up at Week 60 to assess the long term efficacy and safety of AIN457 treatment in combination with MTX in RA.


Condition Intervention Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug: Secukinmab
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 16-week Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel Group, Dose-finding Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Subcutaneous Secukinumab (AIN457) Followed by an Extension Phase up to a Total of 60 Weeks in Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis Despite Stable Treatment With Methotrexate

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Novartis:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With American College of Rheumatology Response of 20 (ACR20) at 16 Weeks [ Time Frame: 16cweeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A participant was considered to have achieved the incidence of response (ACR20 criteria) if he/she had at least a 20% improvement in both the tender and swollen 28-joint counts and had at least 20% improvement in at least 3 of the following 5 measures: patient's assessment of rheumatoid athritis (RA) pain, patient's global assessment of disease activity, physician's global assessment of disease activity, patient's self-assesseddisability (Health Assessment Questionnaire [HAQ©] score)and acute phase rectant (C-reactive protein [hsCRP]/ESR).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Who Achieved an ACR50 or ACR70 Response at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A participant was considered as improved according to the ACR50 or ACR70 criteria if he/she had at least a 50% or 70% improvement, respectively, in both the tender and the swollen 28-joint count, and in at least 3 of the following 5 measures: patient's assessment of rheumatoid athritis (RA) pain, patient's global assessment of disease activity, physician's global assessment of disease activity, patient self-assessed disability (Health Assessment Questionnaire [HAQ©] score) and Acute phase reactant (C-reactive protein [hsCRP]/ESR). Participants were defined as ACR50/70 responders at a given post-randomization visit if they satisfied the ACR50/70 criteria, respectively. Participants were considered ACR50/70 nonresponders if they failed the ACR50/70 criteria respectively. Participants who prematurely discontinued from study due to insufficient therapeutic effect were also considered nonresponders.

  • Number of Participants Who Achieved an ACR20, ACR50 or ACR70 Response up to Week 16 [ Time Frame: at Weeks2, 4, 8, 12, 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A participant was considered as improved according to the ACR20, ACR50 or ACR70 criteria if he/she had as least a 20%, 50% or 70% improvement, respectively, in both the tender and the swollen 28-joint count, and in at least 3 of the following 5 measures: patient's assessment of rheumatoid athritis (RA) pain, patient's global assessment of disease activity, physician's global assessment of disease activity, patient's self-assessed disability and acute phase rectant or Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).

  • Change From Baseline in Disease Activity Score 28 Using CRP (DAS28-CRP) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a measure of disease activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). The score is calculated by a complex mathematical formula, which includes the number of tender and swollen joints (out of a total of 28), the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) or hsCRP, and the patient's 'global assessment of global health (indicated by marking a 100 mm line between very good and very bad). A DAS28 score greater than 5.1 implies active disease, less than 3.2 well controlled disease, and less than 2.6 remission. The DAS28-CRP was derived from swollen joint count, tender joint count, hsCRP and patient's global assessment of disease activity.

  • Change From Baseline in Medical Outcome Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36® v2) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SF-36 Scale is a 36-item, patient-reported survey which measures overall quality of life. It consists of 8 subscales (vitality, physical functioning, bodily pain, general health perceptions, physical role functioning, emotional role functioning, social role functioning, mental health) which can be aggregated to derive a physical-component summary score and a mental-component score. Scores are normally determined with the use of norm-based methods which standardize scores based on an assessment of the general U.S. population free of chronic conditions. The scores range for each subscale from 0 to 10, and the composite score ranges from 0 to 100, with the higher scores indicative of better health.

  • Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Fatigue (FACIT-Fatigue) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Fatigue (FACIT-Fatigue©) is a 13- item questionnaire that assesses self-reported fatigue and its impact upon daily activities and function. Participants responded to each item on a 5-point Likert-type scale (0 = not at all; 1 = a little bit; 2 = somewhat; 3 = quite a bit; 4 = very much) based on their experience of fatigue during the past 2 weeThe scale score was computed by summing the item scores, after reversing those items that were worded in the negative direction. When there were missing item scores, the subscale score was computed by summing the non-missing item scores, multiplying by 13 (the total number of items in the scale) and dividing by the number of non-missing items. The latter rule applied only when at least half of the items (seven or more) were non-missing. FACIT-Fatigue subscale scores range from 0 to 52, where higher scores represent less fatigue.

  • Percentage of Participants With European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Response at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The distribution of EULAR response criteria was according to DAS28-CRP at Week 16. EULAR response criteria are based on DAS28-CRP status in combination with DAS28-CRP improvements. The EULAR response criteria are as follows: Week 16 DAS28-CRP <3.2 with DAS28-CRP improvement >1.2 corresponds to 'good response'; Week 16 DAS28-CRP <3.2 with DAS28-CRP improvement between 0.6 to 1.2, or Week 16 DAS28-CRP between 3.2 to 5.1 with DAS28-CRP improvement >1.2 or from 0.6 to 1.2, or WeeK 16 DAS28-CRP >5.1 with DAS28-CRP improvement >1.2 correspond to 'moderate response; Week 16 DAS28-CRP <3.2 with DAS28-CRP improvement <0.6, or Week 16 DAS28-CRP between 3.2 to 5.1 with DAS28-CRP improvement <0.6, or Week 16 DAS28-CRP >5.1 with DAS28-CRP improvement between 0.6 to 1.2 or <0.6 correspond to 'no response'.

  • Change From Baseline in Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Concentrations at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Only values that were above normal range (12 U/mL) were were included.

  • Anti-CCP (Cyclic Citrulinated Peptide) Antibodies Concentrations at Baseline and at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Only values that were above normal range (20 units) were included.

  • Change From Baseline in ACR Component: Adjusted Swollen 28-joint Count at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Synovial fluid and/or soft tissue swelling but not bony overgrowth represents a positive result for swollen joint count. Joint counts were performed according to the visit schedule by the physician or by well trained personnel. Whenever possible, the same evaluator performed these assessments at all visits. The following 28 joints were assessed for tenderness and swelling: metacarpophalangeal I-V (10), thumb interphalangeal (2), hand proximal interphalangeal II-V (8), wrist (2), elbow (2), shoulders (2), and knees (2). If the number of joints for which data were available (e.g., S) was less than 28, the number of swollen joints (e.g., s) was scaled up proportionately (i.e., 28*(s/S)).

  • Change From Baseline in Disease Activity Score 28 Using ESR (DAS28-ESR) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a measure of disease activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). The score is calculated by a complex mathematical formula, which includes the number of tender and swollen joints (out of a total of 28), the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) or hsCRP, and the patient's 'global assessment of global health (indicated by marking a 100 mm line between very good and very bad). A DAS28 score greater than 5.1 implies active disease, less than 3.2 well controlled disease, and less than 2.6 remission.The DAS28 was also derived using erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (referred to as DAS28-ESR).

  • Change From Baseline in ACR Component: Adjusted Tender 28-joint Count at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The ACR tender joint count (28 joints) was done by scoring several different aspects of tenderness as assessed by pressure and joint manipulation on physical examination. Joint counts were performed according to the visit schedule by the physician or by well trained personnel. The following 28 joints were assessed for tenderness and swelling: metacarpophalangeal I-V (10), thumb interphalangeal (2), hand proximal interphalangeal II-V (8), wrist (2), elbow (2), shoulders (2), and knees (2). If the number of joints for which data were available (e.g., T) was less than 28, the number of tender joints (e.g., t) was scaled up proportionately (i.e., 28*(t/T)). The patient's assessment of pain was performed at all visits using 100 mm visual analog scale (VAS) ranging from "no pain" to "unbearable pain" after the question "Please indicate with a vertical mark ( | ) through the horizontal line the most pain you had from your rheumatoid arthritis over the last 24 hours.

  • Change From Baseline in ACR Component: Patient's Assessment of RA Pain at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The patient's global assessment of disease activity was performed at the visits on a 100 mm non-anchored visual analog scale, from no arthritis (0) activity to maximal arthritis (100) activity, after the question, "Considering all the ways your arthritis affects you, draw a line on the scale for how well you are doing".

  • Change From Baseline in ACR Component: Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The patient's global assessment of disease activity was performed at the visits on a 100 mm non-anchored visual analog scale, from no arthritis (0) activity to maximal arthritis (100) activity, after the question, "Considering all the ways your arthritis affects you, draw a line on the scale for how well you are doing".

  • Change From Baseline in ACR Component: Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The physician's global assessment of disease activity was performed at the visits usingon a 100 mm non-anchored visual analog scale, from no arthritis (0) activity to maximal arthritis (100) activity, after the question, "Considering all the ways your arthritis affects you, draw a line on the scale for how well you are doing".

  • Change From Baseline in ACR Component: Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ©) Score at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HAQ© was used to assess physical ability and functional status of patients as well as quality of life at the visits in these 8 categories assessed by the Disability Index: dressing & grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and common daily activities. Patients report amount of difficulty they have in performing 2 or 3 specific activities. There are 4 possible responses (0, 1, 2, 3) for these questions which include types of assistance, if any; the participant uses for his/her usual activities: 0: without any difficulty- No assistance is needed; 1: with some difficulty - A special device is used by the patient in his/her usual activities; 2: with much difficulty - The patient usually needs help from another person. 3: Unable to do - the patient usually needs both a special device and help from another person. Scores of 0 - 1 are generally considered to represent mild to moderate difficulty, 1-2 moderate to severe disability, and 2 -3 severe to very severe disability.

  • Change From Baseline in ACR Component: High Sensitivity C-reactive Protein (hsCRP) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood for this assessment was obtained at the visits in order to identify the presence of inflammation, to determine its severity, and to monitor response to treatment.Since the results of this test may have unblinded study personnel, results from the central lab were provided for screening and baseline only. The hsCRP results from samples collected during the treatment period were revealed only after final database lock.

  • Change From Baseline in ACR Component: Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood for ESR, which is helpful to diagnose inflammatory diseases and to monitor disease activity and response to therapy, was obtained at the visits.


Enrollment: 237
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2011
Primary Completion Date: March 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Secukinumab 25mg
Secukinumab 25mg s.c. q4wk
Drug: Secukinmab
Secukinumab was supplied as a 150mg lyophiized cake in individual glass vials each. The study drug dose levels were 25mg, 75mg, 150mg and 300mg and was administered subcutaneously.
Other Name: AIN457
Experimental: Secukinumab 75mg
Secukinumab 75mg s.c. q4wk
Drug: Secukinmab
Secukinumab was supplied as a 150mg lyophiized cake in individual glass vials each. The study drug dose levels were 25mg, 75mg, 150mg and 300mg and was administered subcutaneously.
Other Name: AIN457
Experimental: Secukinumab 150mg
Secukinumab 150mg s. c. q4wk
Drug: Secukinmab
Secukinumab was supplied as a 150mg lyophiized cake in individual glass vials each. The study drug dose levels were 25mg, 75mg, 150mg and 300mg and was administered subcutaneously.
Other Name: AIN457
Experimental: Secukinumab 300mg
Secukinumab 300mg s.c. q4wk
Drug: Secukinmab
Secukinumab was supplied as a 150mg lyophiized cake in individual glass vials each. The study drug dose levels were 25mg, 75mg, 150mg and 300mg and was administered subcutaneously.
Other Name: AIN457
Placebo Comparator: Secukinumab Placebo
Secukinumab Placebo s.c. q4wk
Drug: Placebo
Secukinumab placebo was supplied as a 150mg lyophiized cake in individual glass vials each. The placebo dose levels were 25mg, 75mg, 150mg and 300mg and was administered subcutaneously.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of RA classified by ACR 1987 revised criteria. Patients with active RA should have been on MTX for at least 3 months and must currently be treated with a stable dose of MTX (> or =7.5 mg/week - < or = 25 mg/week) for at least 4 weeks
  • At Baseline: Disease activity criteria defined by > or = 6 out of 28 tender joints and > or = 6 out of 28 swollen joints WITH either Screening value of hsCRP > or = 10 mg/L OR ESR > or = 28 mm/1st hr

Exclusion Criteria:

  • RA patients functional status class IV classified according to the ACR 1991 revised criteria
  • Patients taking high potency opioid analgesics (e.g., methadone, hydromorphone, or morphine)
  • Any therapy by intra-articular injections (e.g. corticosteroid) required for treatment of acute RA flare within 4 weeks before randomization

Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00928512

  Show 58 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

No publications provided by Novartis

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00928512     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CAIN457F2201, 2009-011000-34
Study First Received: June 25, 2009
Results First Received: February 12, 2015
Last Updated: July 1, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Belgium: Federal Agency for Medicinal Products and Health Products
Czech Republic: State Institute for Drug Control
Germany: Paul-Ehrlich-Institut
Hungary: National Institute of Pharmacy
Japan: Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency
Korea: Food and Drug Administration
Poland: Ministry of Health
Russia: Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
Slovakia: State Institute for Drug Control
Taiwan: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Novartis:
Rheumatoid Arthritis, RA, ACR, inflammatory joints

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Autoimmune Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2015