Stepped Care to Optimize Pain Care Effectiveness (SCOPE)
Pain is the most common physical symptom in primary care, accounting for an enormous burden in terms of patient suffering, quality of life, work and social disability, and health care and societal costs. Pain is particularly prevalent among veterans. Four major barriers to optimal care include underdetection of pain, inadequate initial treatment, failure to monitor adherence and symptom response, and failure to adjust treatment in patients not responding or intolerant of initial therapy. Therefore, we propose to conduct the Stepped Care to Optimize Pain care Effectiveness (SCOPE) study, a randomized clinical effectiveness trial in primary care.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Stepped Care to Optimize Pain Care Effectiveness (SCOPE)|
- Brief Pain Inventory (Pain) [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The full scale name is the Brief Pain Inventory. This 11-item scale measures self-reported pain severity and interference. It consists of 4 pain severity items and 7 pain interference items. Each item is scored from 0 (no pain) to 10 (worse pain imaginable). There is a pain severity score (average of 4 pain severity items), pain interference score (average of 7 pain interference items), and total pain score (average of all 11 items). For all 3 scores, 0 represents the best score (i.e., least pain) and 10 represents the worst score (i.e., greatest pain).
|Study Start Date:||October 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Stepped Care
Patients received automated pain monitoring. A nurse care manager partnering with a physician pain specialist decide on treatment changes collaborating with primary care physicians. Structured algorithms for stepped care analgesic management and explicit decision rules for adjusting treatment are used.
Drug: Stepped care
Structured algorithms for stepped care analgesic management and explicit decision rules for adjusting treatment are new tools developed for this study.
Other Name: Optimized analgesics with collaborative care management
No Intervention: Usual Care
Patients receive usual care for pain from their primary care physician
SCOPE will enroll 250 primary care veterans with persistent (3 months or longer) musculoskeletal pain of moderate severity, and randomize them to either the stepped care intervention or usual care control group. The intervention will be based upon the empirically-validated Three-Component Model which in SCOPE will involve collaboration between the primary care physician, a nurse pain care manager, and a supervising physician pain specialist. SCOPE will involve a telemedicine approach coupling automated home-based symptom monitoring with telephone-based nurse care management. The intervention will consist of optimized analgesic management using a stepped care approach to drug selection, symptom monitoring, dose adjustment, and switching or adding medications. All subjects will undergo comprehensive outcome assessment at baseline, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months by interviewers blinded to treatment group. Our principal aim is to test whether SCOPE is more effective than usual care in reducing pain as measured by the Brief Pain Inventory. Secondarily, we will test the impact on other pain outcomes (e.g., severity, self-efficacy, use of self-management strategies), emotional functioning, health-related quality of life, and treatment satisfaction.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00926588
|United States, Indiana|
|Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN|
|Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202-2884|
|Principal Investigator:||Kurt Kroenke, MD||Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN|