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Evaluation of Hemodynamic Effects of Cascade Hemofiltration in Septic Shock (Cascade)

This study has been completed.
Gambro Lundia AB
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Baxter Healthcare Corporation Identifier:
First received: June 15, 2009
Last updated: April 4, 2017
Last verified: April 2017

Septic shock is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in critically ill patients. Septic Shock is associated with an overwhelming, systemic overflow of pro inflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators, which leads to generalized endothelial damage, multiple organ failure, and altered cellular immunological responsiveness. Although our understanding of the complex pathophysiological alterations that occur in septic shock has increased greatly as a result of recent clinical and preclinical studies, mortality associated with the disorder remains unacceptably high, ranging from 30% to 50%. To date, attempts to improve survival with innovative, predominantly anti-inflammatory therapeutic strategies have been disappointing. A standard hemofiltration rate of 35 ml/kg/hour has been successfully used to treat acute renal failure. However, this dose does not alter plasma levels of inflammatory mediators, suggesting that its ability to clear these mediators is suboptimal. Higher doses of hemofiltration (up to 120 ml/kg per hour) have been demonstrated to improve cardiac function and hemodynamics in several animal models of sepsis. High-volume hemofiltration (HVHF) was thus conceived and applied in patients with septic shock, showing an improvements in hemodynamics with decreased vasopressor requirements and improved survival in patients admitted after a cardiac arrest.

The main benefit described with high volume hemofiltration is a hemodynamic improvement (e.g reduction in catecholamines' requirement). This improvement seems to be due to the removal of a badly defined network of middle molecular weight peptides. To remove efficiently these middle molecular peptides, a high filtration rate is needed. However, with high filtration rates, there is also a high clearance for smaller molecules, including antibiotics, electrolytes, vitamins, trace elements and amino acids.

The cascade hemofiltration system has been designed for a more efficient removal of middle molecular weight peptides with a limited solute consumption.

The goal of this study is the evaluation of the hemodynamic improvement using cascade hemofiltration in patients treated for septic shock.

Condition Intervention
Device: Cascade
Other: Standard treatment

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Hemodynamic Effects of Cascade Hemofiltration in Septic Shock

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Baxter Healthcare Corporation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • the primary outcome will be the number of days without catecholamines at the 28th day of randomization [ Time Frame: 28th day ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • rate of decrease of catecholamines during the first 72h, days without mechanical ventilation at D90, days without RRT for acute renal failure at D90, days without ICU requirement at D90, status at D90. [ Time Frame: 72h, D90 ]

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: April 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2013
Primary Completion Date: March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Standard treatment Other: Standard treatment
Standard therapy
Experimental: Cascade Device: Cascade
Cascade treatment over 48h


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient with a septic shock diagnosed by the medical staff team.
  • Patient mechanically ventilated and treated by high doses of catecholamines after adequate fluid administration (≥ 1.0 mg/h of norepinephrine or epinephrine) for ≥ 120 minutes and < 24h.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age (years) < 18 or > 85.
  • Weight >120 kg
  • Thrombocytopenia 50< G/l or Neutrophils <0.5 Giga/l
  • Contra indication to heparin anticoagulation.
  • Patient requiring catecholamines (epinephrine ≥ 1 mg/h or norepinephrine ≥ 1 mg/h) for >24h.
  • Patient admitted to the ICU ≥ 7 days before the inclusion criteria.
  • Comorbid conditions with an expected survival < 6 months
  • Inclusion (<28 days) in another study interfering with the goals of the current investigation.
  • Pregnancy
  • Immune compromised patients (e.g. being treated for cancer, treated by immunosuppressors or steroids, AIDS).
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00922870

CHU hospital
Clermont-Ferrand, France, 63003
Hopital Le Bocage
Dijon, France, 21079
Centre Hospitalier Marc JACQUET
Melun, France, 77 000
Hopital Tenon
Paris, France, 75020
Hopital Delafontaine
Saint Denis, France, 93205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Gambro Lundia AB
Study Chair: Monchi Mehran, Dr Unaffiliate
  More Information

Responsible Party: Baxter Healthcare Corporation Identifier: NCT00922870     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1450
Study First Received: June 15, 2009
Last Updated: April 4, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Shock, Septic
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Pathologic Processes
Shock processed this record on April 26, 2017