Heliox and Posture in Patients With Asthma
|Acute Asthma||Other: HELIOX Other: OXYGEN Other: HELIOX+POSTURE Other: OXYGEN + POSTURE|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Heliox and Posture Optimize Action of Nebulization With Bronchodilators for Asthma Attacks. Randomized Trial.|
- Spirometry [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Respiratory rate [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Peripheral oxygen saturation [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Borg scale [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Heart rate [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The patients in this group underwent nebulization with heliox carried by the trunk erect
The nebulization was conducted in the same way that heliox + posture group, except the attitude of trunk, where the patients in this group did the Nebulizer with the trunk upright.
Other Name: asma
The patients in this group carried out the mist carried by heliox and the trunk tilted forward
Patients underwent two carried by heliox nebulization associated with fenoterol (2.5 mg) and ipratropium bromide (0.25 mg). We used three ml of saline solution at 0.9%. For nebulization with heliox or oxygen, was used a system of distribution not invasive, semi-closed in a mask that is non toxic connected to a piece "Y" with a nebulizer in a follow and a bag of tank with a capacity for 2.5 L in the other connected with a valve action. This system was used so that there was a dilution gas. The proportion of 80:20 heliox was used (80% helium: 20% oxygen). To postural change in groups and heliox Oxygen + posture + posture, oriented to the participants to maintain an angle of inclination of the trunk and elbows supported on the thighs, measured from the anterior axillary line and lateral epicondyle of the femur, between 50th and 60th .
The patients in this group carried out the mist carried by oxygen and the trunk tilted forward
Other: OXYGEN + POSTURE
The NEBULIZATION was conducted in the same way that heliox + posture GROUP, however the patients in this group have the Oxygen for Carr A NEBULIZATION
Active Comparator: oxygen
The patients in this group carried out the mist carried by the oxygen and the trunk upright
The NEBULIZATION was performed the same way as the heliox group, except for torso posture, where the patients in this group with the trunk upright Nebulizer Oxygen for cars have A NEBULIZATION.
When associated with inhaled bronchodilators, the heliox, a mixture of helium and oxygen in obstructive lung diseases with asthma, reduces the turbulence of airflow despite high rates, due to its low density.
Although the first report of the use of heliox in the treatment of asthma dating to 1935, few controlled studies are available clarify the impact of the use of heliox in hospital admission of patients with acute asthma attacks refractory to standard treatment.
The severe airflow obstruction, observed in cases of acute asthma, also leads to lung hyperinflation that favors the increase of respiratory work by increasing the load for the inspiratory muscles by placing them at a mechanical disadvantage.
Various body positions were studied relating them to muscle activity with mechanical disadvantage. These studies suggest that the influence posture acts mainly in the position of the diaphragm, thus, increasing the stress related to other muscles such as the abdominals and the effect of gravity on these.
This study aims to: assess the efficiency of the positioning body associated with nebulization with bronchodilators carried by heliox during acute severe asthma in adults, using as the primary outcomes FEV1, FVC and PEF and secondary outcomes as the Borg scale, inspiratory capacity, RR, HR and SpO2.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00922350
|Barros Lima Policlinic|
|Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil|
|Study Director:||Armele Andrade||Universidade Federal de Pernambuco|