Anti-Hormone Therapy (With Anastrazole and Fulvestrant) Before Surgery to Treat Postmenopausal Women With Breast Cancer.
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00921115|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 16, 2009
Results First Posted : May 18, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 13, 2022
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Invasive Breast Cancer||Drug: Fulvestrant Drug: Anastrazole||Phase 2|
Hormonal therapies are generally preferred treatments of breast cancer because they have minimal side effects. Hormone receptor positive breast cancer generally does not respond very well to chemotherapy, which has many side effects. Hormonal therapy with a single drug such as Anastrozole is the main type of treatment used to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence. Whether a combination of Anastrazole nad Fulvestrant is effective and feasible is not known. This study is being done to answer this question.
This is a phase II single arm study. Patients will have an Oncotype Dx performed and only if the recurrence score is low or intermediate, they would be eligible. Eligible patients will receive Anastrazole and Fulvestrant for 16 week.
Subjects will receive Anastrazole 1 mg po q day and Fulvestrant 500 mg IM, day 1, day 14, day 28 and thereafter once every 28 days on outpatient basis. On day 28, subjects will be evaluated for side effects and clinically and a needle core biopsy (optional) will be obtained. If there is increase in Ki 67 by 50%, subjects will be taken off the study. Response evaluation will occur every 28 days during outpatient clinic visits. All treatment will continue until 4 months when patients will undergo surgical intervention. After surgery, patients will be off study and will receive additional breast cancer therapy at the discretion of their treating physician. Patients who develop progressive disease on protocol will be removed from the study and will then be treated at the discretion of the treating physician. The protocol will be closed after the last accrued patient has had surgery.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||42 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Combined Fulvestrant and Anastrozole as Neo-adjuvant Endocrine Therapy in Postmenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor Positive Invasive Breast Cancer|
|Actual Study Start Date :||May 2009|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 2015|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||May 2023|
Experimental: Arimidex + Faslodex
Patients will have an Oncotype Dx performed and if the RS is <25, they will receive Anastrazole and Fulvestrant for 16 weeks.
On day 28, subjects will be evaluated for side effects and a needle core biopsy (optional) will be obtained. Response evaluation will occur every 28 days. All treatment will continue for 4 months followed by breast surgery. After surgery, patients will be off study and will receive additional breast cancer therapy per their treating physician. Patients who develop progressive disease on protocol will be removed from the study and treated by their treating physician. The protocol will be closed after the last accrued patient has had surgery.
Fulvestrant IM on day 14 and on day 28 followed by day 28 of all subsequent cycles thereafter. Treatment will be continued for a total of 4 cycles.
Other Name: Faslodex
Anastrazole, 1mg by mouth every day of all 28 day cycles and continued for a total of 4 cycles
Other Name: Arimidex
- Pathologic Complete Response (PCR) Rate [ Time Frame: 4 months ]Pathologic complete response (PCR) rate with 4 months of neo-adjuvant combination endocrine therapy (Anastrazole and Fulvestrant).
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||Female|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Female patient > 18 years of age.
- Histologically proven invasive adenocarcinoma of the breast.
- Patients must be candidates for neoadjuvant treatment (Tumor size > 2cm and/or clinical N1 or N2).
- ER positive (> 10% of cells) and/or PgR positive (> 10% of the cells) and HER-2 negative disease (IHC 0 or 1+ and/or FISH negative, IHC 2+ and FISH negative)
Patients must be post-menopausal as defined by one of the following criteria:
- Prior bilateral oophorectomy
- 12 months since LMP with no prior hysterectomy
- Patients > 55 years with prior hysterectomy
- Patients < 55 years of age and with a prior hysterectomy without oophorectomy, estradiol and FSH levels must be consistent with the patient being postmenopausal.
- Premenopausal or perimenopausal women who do not meet the postmenopausal criteria above are also eligible, but are required to undergo ovarian suppression with an LHRH agonist. Ovarian suppression can be initiated any time prior to or on day 1 of protocol therapy and must continue throughout protocol therapy.
- Performance status of 2 or better per SWOG criteria
- No prior chemotherapy or endocrine therapy for the current cancer diagnosis.
- If female of childbearing potential, pregnancy test is negative prior to initiation of ovarian suppression.
- Patients must be informed of the investigational nature of the study, and must sign an informed consent in accordance with the institutional rules.
- Oncotype Dx Recurrence Score </= 25.
- Patients with metastatic disease.
- The presence of any other medical or psychiatric disorder that, in the opinion of the treating physician, would contraindicate the use of drugs in this protocol or place the subject at undue risk for treatment complications.
- Premenopausal without ovarian suppression.
- Pregnancy or lactation.
- Patients with concomitant or previous malignancies within the last 5 years, with the exception of adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
- Patients with emotional limitations are excluded from study
- Platelets less than 100 x 109 /L
- Total bilirubin greater than 1.5 x ULRR
- ALT or AST greater than 2.5 x ULRR
- History of bleeding diathesis (i.e., disseminated intravascular coagulation [DIC], clotting factor deficiency) or long-term anticoagulant therapy (other than antiplatelet therapy).
- History of hypersensitivity to active or inactive excipients of fulvestrant (i.e. castor oil or Mannitol).
- Oncotype Dx Recurrence Score of >25.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00921115
|United States, Kansas|
|University of Kansas Medical Center|
|Kansas City, Kansas, United States, 66160|
|Principal Investigator:||Qamar Khan, MD||University of Kansas Medical Center|
|Responsible Party:||University of Kansas Medical Center|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
IRUSANAS0092 ( Other Identifier: Astra Zeneca )
|First Posted:||June 16, 2009 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||May 18, 2017|
|Last Update Posted:||June 13, 2022|
|Last Verified:||May 2022|
hormone receptor positive
invasive breast cancer
Neoplasms by Site
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action