Analysis of Blood-based Biomarkers of Asthma (ABBA)
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00917787
Recruitment Status :
First Posted : June 10, 2009
Last Update Posted : September 21, 2011
University of California, San Francisco
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John V. Fahy, University of California, San Francisco
The purpose of this study is to analyze markers of inflammation in blood and in induced sputum for the purpose of identifying molecular markers of specific asthma phenotypes. The investigators' specific interest is demonstrating that periostin levels are higher than normal in blood. The investigators already have solid preliminary data to support this hypothesis, and our goal here is to replicate preliminary findings and extend them by examining further the characteristics of the asthma subgroup with elevated periostin levels.
Condition or disease
This is a cross-sectional study in patients with asthma and healthy controls in which we will analyze markers of inflammation in blood and in induced sputum for the purpose of identifying molecular markers of specific asthma phenotypes. Our specific interest in demonstrating that periostin levels are higher than normal in blood. We already have solid preliminary data to support this hypothesis, and our goal here is to replicate preliminary findings and extend them by examining further the characteristics of the asthma subgroup with elevated periostin levels. In this regard, we propose detailed phenotyping of the asthmatic subjects and the healthy controls, including measures in induced sputum, exhaled air and detailed physiologic measures including measures of airflow, lung volumes, and methacholine responsiveness. In earlier work we have found that periostin is a marker of Th-2 driven asthma, and we will use the data collected here to further explore this possibility. The biospecimens collected here will also allow us to expand existing plasma, DNA, RNA, and sputum samples in the UCSF Airway tissue bank, so that we can continue to build this resource for future research questions.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 70 Years (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Asthmatics and Non-asthmatics
Asthmatic Subjects Inclusion criteria
Male and female subjects between the ages of 18 and 70 years with a history of asthma who may or may not be taking inhaled corticosteroids for asthma control.
Physician diagnosis of asthma
PC20FEV1 methacholine ≤ 8.0 mg/mL, except for those taking daily inhaled corticosteroids, for which the PC20 methacholine should be < 16 mg/mL.
Ability to provide informed consent.
Healthy Subjects Inclusion criteria
Healthy male and female subjects with no history of asthma between the ages of 18 and 70 years. Subjects should not be taking inhaled or oral corticosteroids.
No lifetime history of asthma or allergic rhinitis.
Ability to provide informed consent.
Exclusion Criteria for both subject groups
Lung disease other than asthma.
History of an upper or lower respiratory tract infection in the 4 weeks preceding the study.
Females who are pregnant or breast-feeding
Subjects must be non-smokers (patients who have never smoked or patients who have smoked ≤5 cigarettes per month and have a total pack-year smoking history < 10 packs).
Use of marijuana >1 time per month in the last year and use of marijuana in the 6 weeks prior to enrollment
Use of recreational drugs other than marijuana in the 12 months preceding the study.