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The Outcome of Treatment of Traumatised Refugees With Psychotherapy and/or Antidepressants

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Caecilie Buhmann, Psykiatrisk Center Gentofte Identifier:
First received: June 9, 2009
Last updated: June 17, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of treatment of traumatized refugees with a diagnosis of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The existing evidence point towards antidepressants of the type SSRI and trauma-focused cognitive Behavioural Therapy being the most effective treatments of PTSD, but very little evidence of treatment effects exist for the group of multitraumatized refugees. This study therefore seeks to investigate the treatment effect of 6 months drug therapy with antidepressants (Sertraline and/ or Mianserine) and/or trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy. A total of 200 individual will undergo treatment. They will be randomized to 4 different groups: antidepressants, psychotherapy, a combination og drug and psychotherapy and a waiting list. Outcome measures include symptoms, life quality and function. Patients with a diagnosis of drug abuse or psychosis will not be included. The hypothesis is that a combination of antidepressants and psychotherapy will be more effective than either of the two treatment regimes on their own.

Condition Intervention Phase
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Drug: Sertraline
Behavioral: trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Outcome of Treatment of Traumatised Refugees With Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and / or Antidepressants - a Randomised Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Psykiatrisk Center Gentofte:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Score on Harvard Traume Questionnaire (PTSD) [ Time Frame: before entry, after 6 months treatment and at follow up ]

Enrollment: 280
Study Start Date: June 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2014
Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: psychotherapy
Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy
Behavioral: trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy
once a week
Experimental: Drug
drug treatment and psychoeducation
Drug: Sertraline
No Intervention: Waiting list
subjects randomized to waiting list
Experimental: Combination
Both drug and psychotherapy
Drug: Sertraline
Behavioral: trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy
once a week


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult traumatised refugee with PTSD

Exclusion Criteria:

  • psychosis and drug abuse
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00917397

Psykiatrisk Center Gentofte
Hellerup, Denmark, 2900
Sponsors and Collaborators
Caecilie Buhmann
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Caecilie Buhmann, Dr, Psykiatrisk Center Gentofte Identifier: NCT00917397     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PTF1
Study First Received: June 9, 2009
Last Updated: June 17, 2014

Keywords provided by Psykiatrisk Center Gentofte:
Traumatized refugee
PTSD in traumatized refugees

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 24, 2017