Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk: An Intervention

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00914719
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 5, 2009
Last Update Posted : June 5, 2009
Information provided by:
University of New Mexico

Brief Summary:
Adolescents are at great risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (CDC, 2000a; DiLorenzo & Whaley, 1999). Though the CDC (2000b) reports that overall AIDS incidence is on the decline, there has been no comparable decline in the number of newly diagnosed HIV cases among young people aged 13-19, and young people of color are particularly at risk. Compared to the general adolescent population, adolescents involved with the criminal justice system are younger at first intercourse, have a greater number of sex partners, and lower rates of condom use, resulting in higher rates of unintended pregnancy and STDs (e.g., St. Lawrence et al., 1999). Alcohol use is commonly cited as a reason for lack of condom use among high-risk adolescents such as those involved in the criminal justice system (e.g., Morris et al., 1998) and recent data from our research suggests that it is heavy alcohol use in concert with sexual activity that is most strongly related to lack of condom use (Bryan, Rocheleau, & Robbins, 2002a). The goal of this research is to design, implement, evaluation, and disseminate a successful HIV/STD risk reduction intervention that is theory-based, empirically targeted to adolescents, and articulated to a criminal justice setting. The study compares a sexual risk reduction intervention with a group motivational interviewing alcohol component to a standard sexual risk reduction intervention and a no treatment control condition. The investigators hope to show that: 1) A three-hour one-time intervention has the capacity to reduce sexual risk behavior up to one year post-release among high risk adolescents in detention, 2) A combined sexual and alcohol risk reduction intervention will result in larger decreases in sexual risk behavior than a sexual risk reduction alone, 3) The interventions will exert their effects through changes in mediators derived from a theoretically-based model of condom use intentions and behaviors, and 4) A sexual risk reduction intervention including an alcohol component will be especially effective for those adolescents with higher levels of existing alcohol problems. Finally, given proven efficacy, the intervention curricula and materials will be disseminated for use in adolescent detention facilities throughout the state.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sexual Risk Behavior Alcohol Use Drug Use Behavioral: Information only Behavioral: Sexual risk reduction intervention Behavioral: sexual risk reduction + alcohol risk reduction component Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 484 participants
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk: An Intervention
Study Start Date : September 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Alcohol

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Information only Behavioral: Information only
Active Comparator: sexual risk reduction intervention Behavioral: Sexual risk reduction intervention
Experimental: SRRI+ETOH Behavioral: sexual risk reduction + alcohol risk reduction component

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Condom use [ Time Frame: one year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. alcohol use [ Time Frame: one year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All young people between the ages of 14 and 17 who were in the detention centers at which recruitment took place.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age less than 14 or non-English speaking

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00914719

United States, Colorado
University of Colorado
Boulder, Colorado, United States, 80309
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of New Mexico

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Angela D. Bryan, University of New Mexico Identifier: NCT00914719     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01AA013844-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 5, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 5, 2009
Last Verified: June 2009

Keywords provided by University of New Mexico:
sexual risk behavior among adolescents
alcohol and drug use among adolescents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcohol Drinking
Drinking Behavior
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs