Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) Hepatocellular Carcinoma (COLD 2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00914355
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 5, 2009
Last Update Posted : September 20, 2017
Princess Margaret Hospital, Canada
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Health Network, Toronto

Brief Summary:
This study is designed to see whether stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) can reduce tumour size, slow progression of the disease, prolong life and improve quality of life of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, a cancer of the liver, that cannot be removed surgically (unresectable) and cannot be treated with ablative therapy (e.g. radio-frequency ablation) or trans-arterial chemo-embolization (TACE) therapy (delivery of chemotherapy through an artery that feeds into the liver). SBRT is concentrated focused radiation therapy delivered very precisely to the liver tumour. It is hoped that knowledge obtained from this study will improve our ability to treat patients with liver tumours that cannot be treated with surgery and other methods, and that SBRT may prove to be a treatment that can lead to long-term and permanent control of liver tumours for some patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Phase 2

Detailed Description:
From July 2003 to May 2007, over 40 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma participated in two studies at Princess Margaret Hospital (PMH) designed to determine the safety of treating hepatocellular carcinoma with SBRT. These studies have shown that SBRT can be delivered safely to the majority of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The treated tumour was controlled (shrank or remained the same size) in 78% of patients at one year following treatment.The median survival of patients was 11 months (i.e. half of patients survived longer and half shorter than 11 months). This survival rate is better than that expected in patients treated with supportive care only (no treatment other than care to make you feel better). Supportive care patients have a median survival rate of 3-9 months. We expect that the benefits of SBRT in this study will be similar to those observed in our initial studies.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 47 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Study Start Date : August 2007
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SBRT for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation
Radiation therapy will be delivered on six occasions, over two weeks. Each treatment will take approximately 30 minutes to deliver.You may be asked to swallow 250 cc of oral contrast before each radiation therapy treatment.Pepto Bismol (a liquid that coats the stomach and is used to treat heartburn) and/or water may be combined with the contrast to improve the quality of the stomach's image.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine one year local progression free rate, defined as lack of progression within the irradiated volume, using RECIST criteria [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall progression free survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  3. Quality of life [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  4. CTC3.0 toxicity [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  5. Cytokine response to radiation and association with complications [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Confirmed pathologically, 2)diagnosed by showing vascular enhancement of the lesion on at least two imaging techniques, or 3) diagnosed by showing vascular enhancement on a single technique if the AFP is greater than 200, in the setting of cirrhosis or chronic hepatitis B without cirrhosis (EASL consensus conference guidelines).
  • Either 1) the tumour must be unresectable, based on the opinion of an experienced surgeon specializing in hepatic resection, or 2) the patient Phase II SBRT HCC 13 must be medically inoperable, or 3) extra-hepatic metastases must be present (making hepatic surgery an inappropriate treatment option).
  • Karnofsky performance status (KPS) > 60 (Appendix II)
  • Age: 18 years or older. Both male & female patients of all races can be included in this study. Female patients within reproductive years may not be, nor become, pregnant during participation in this study
  • Patients must have recovered from the effects of previous therapy.
  • Maximal tumor size of 15 cm.
  • Adequate organ function as assessed as follows:

    • Hemoglobin > 90 g/L
    • Absolute neutrophil count > 1.0 bil/L
    • Platelets > 50 bil/L
    • Bilirubin < 4.0 times upper range of normal
    • INR < 1.5 or correctable with vitamin K (unless patient is on coumadin in which case higher levels are acceptable)
    • AST or ALT < 6.0 times upper range of normal
  • Child's A 5-6 liver score or Child B 7-8 liver score, which is only permitted if the maximal tumor size is 10 cm
  • Previous liver resection or ablative therapy is permitted.
  • Life expectancy > 3 months
  • The volume of uninvolved must be at least 700 cc
  • Up to five discrete liver tumors
  • Patients must have signed a study-specific informed consent form. If the patient's mental status precludes this, written informed consent may be given by the patient's legal representative.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with active hepatitis or encephalopathy related to liver failure
  • Prior radiation therapy to the right upper abdomen, precluding reirradiation of the liver. That is, any previous radiation therapy in which a mean dose to the liver of 15 Gy in conventional fractionation was delivered, or previous doses to critical normal structures that would make re-irradiation unsafe. The PI should be called if there is any question of safety of re-irradiation.
  • Eligible for RFA or alcohol ablation
  • Eligible for TACE
  • Prior uncontrolled, life threatening malignancy within the six months.
  • Pregnancy is not permitted, and in women of child bearing age, a pregnancy test and acceptable methods of contraception are warranted.
  • Previous gastric, duodenal or variceal bleed within the past 2 months.
  • Commencement of coumadin use within the past 3 months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00914355

Canada, Ontario
University Health Network, Princess Margaret Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto
Princess Margaret Hospital, Canada
Principal Investigator: Laura Dawson, MD University Health Network, Princess Margaret Hospital

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University Health Network, Toronto Identifier: NCT00914355     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UHN REB 07-0346-C
First Posted: June 5, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 20, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Keywords provided by University Health Network, Toronto:
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Stereotactic Body Radiation
Unresectable liver cancer
Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases