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Intentional Rejection of the Donor Graft Using Recipient Leukocyte Infusion(s) Following Nonmyeloablative Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant (RLI)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified February 2017 by Bimalangshu Dey, Massachusetts General Hospital
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00909948
First Posted: May 29, 2009
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bimalangshu Dey, Massachusetts General Hospital
  Purpose

The proposed study is based on our observation of paradoxical tumor regression after rejection of the donor graft in conjunction with the results of our murine experiments. We hypothesize that clinically meaningful responses can be achieved in patients with advanced malignancies with a transplant strategy using nonmyeloablative conditioning and related mismatched donor stem cell transplant where the intention will be to initially achieve mixed chimerism which will be followed by recipient lymphocyte infusion (RLI) in an attempt to deliberately reject the donor graft. This will lead to the development of novel transplant strategies for achieving antitumor effects without the risk of graft versus host disease (GVHD). This proposed protocol is a Pilot Study that will evaluate the safety of this outpatient transplant strategy, i.e., establishment of initial mixed chimerism followed by RLI for donor graft rejection, in patients with advanced lymphomas, and multiple myeloma.

In addition, because RLI have been reported to reverse ongoing GVHD, this approach might potentially reverse GVHD while achieving antitumor responses if this complication unexpectedly occurs.


Condition Intervention Phase
Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma Hodgkin Disease Multiple Myeloma Other: Fludarabine and total body irradiation Radiation: Total body irradiation Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intentional Rejection of the Donor Graft Using Recipient Leukocyte Infusion(s) Following Nonmyeloablative Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bimalangshu Dey, Massachusetts General Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the safety at ≤100 days of a non myeloablative mismatched related HCT when followed by recipient leukocyte infusion to induce deliberate rejection of the donor graft. [ Time Frame: 100 days post transplant ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the incidence of acute and chronic GVHD [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post transplant ]
  • To evaluate the incidence of loss of donor grafts [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post transplant ]
  • To evaluate progression-free and overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post transplant ]
  • To evaluate antitumor responses following this transplant strategy [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post transplant ]

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: November 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: November 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Fludarabine
The patients in this cohort will receive fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day on days -4 to -2 and 200 cGy TBI on day 0.
Other: Fludarabine and total body irradiation
The patients in the second cohort will receive fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day on days -4 to -2 and 200 cGy TBI on day 0.
Active Comparator: TBI only
Patients will be given 200 centiGray (cGy) total body irradiation (TBI) in one fraction. TBI will be given on day 0, 4 to 6 hours prior to HCT.
Radiation: Total body irradiation
Patients will receive 200 cGy TBI on day 0,4-6 hours prior to HCT.

  Eligibility

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with chemorefractory non-Hodgkin's or Hodgkin's lymphoma or multiple myeloma.

    Criteria for consideration of enrollment will include:

    1. primary refractory or refractory relapsed disease for which autologous HCT is unlikely to be beneficial;
    2. relapse after autologous HCT
    3. ineligibility for standard myeloablative or nonmyeloablative allo-HCT because of either lack of a donor or patient considerations
  2. Non Hodgkin's lymphoma, or Hodgkin's lymphoma: primary refractory or refractory relapse
  3. Multiple myeloma; primary refractory or refractory relapse
  4. Patients with the above malignancies who have had a previous autologous or allogeneic bone marrow or stem cell transplant.
  5. An estimated disease-free survival of less than one year.
  6. Age 18 to age < 75 years
  7. ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients whose life expectancy is limited by diseases other than their malignancy
  2. Patients who have a 5/6 or better matched related donor or a 4/6 or better umbilical cord blood donor and who are medically eligible for conventional myeloablative or non-myeloablative transplant will be excluded
  3. Cardiac disease: symptomatic congestive heart failure or RVG or echocardiogram determined LVEF ogf< 30%, active angina pectoris or uncontrolled hypertension
  4. Pulmonary disease: severe chronic obstructive lung disease, or symptomatic restrictive lung disease, or corrected DLCO < 40% of predicted
  5. Renal disease: serum creatinine > 3.0 mg/dl.
  6. Hepatic disease: serum bilirubin > 3.0 mg/dl or alkaline phosphatase, SGOT or SGPT > 3 x ULN
  7. Neurologic disease: symptomatic leukoencephalopathy, active CNS malignancy or other neuropsychiatric abnormalities believed to preclude transplantation (pervious CNS malignancy presently in CR is not an exclusion)
  8. Uncontrolled infection.
  9. Recipient leukocyte infusion (RLI) might involve the infusion of circulating tumor cells to the patients. To minimize this risk patients who have evidence of circulating tumor cells by light microscopy and flow cytometry will be excluded
  10. Patients with acute leukemia will be excluded because they will likely have much greater circulating tumor burden, which would increase the risk of infusion of clonal tumor cells
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00909948


Contacts
Contact: Bimalangshu R Dey, MD, PhD 617-724-5255 bdey@partners.org

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Contact: Bimalangshu R Dey, MD, PhD    617-724-5255    bdey@partners.org   
Sub-Investigator: Thomas R Spitzer, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Steven L McAfee, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Karen Ballen, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Eyal Attar, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Yi-Bin Chen, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Megan Sykes, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Bimalangshu R Dey, MD, PhD MGH
  More Information

Publications:
Bortin MM, Rimm AA, Saltzstein EC. Graft versus leukemia: quantification of adoptive immunotherapy in murine leukemia. Science. 1973 Feb 23;179(4075):811-3.
Hill GR, Krenger W, Ferrara JL. The role of cytokines in acute graft-versus-host disease. Cytokines Cell Mol Ther. 1997 Dec;3(4):257-66. Review.
Dey BR, McAfee S, Colby C, Sackstein R, Saidman S, Tarbell N, Sachs DH, Sykes M, Spitzer TR. Impact of prophylactic donor leukocyte infusions on mixed chimerism, graft-versus-host disease, and antitumor response in patients with advanced hematologic malignancies treated with nonmyeloablative conditioning and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2003 May;9(5):320-9.
Sykes M, Romick ML, Sachs DH. Interleukin 2 prevents graft-versus-host disease while preserving the graft-versus-leukemia effect of allogeneic T cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Aug;87(15):5633-7.
Mapara MY, Kim YM, Wang SP, Bronson R, Sachs DH, Sykes M. Donor lymphocyte infusions mediate superior graft-versus-leukemia effects in mixed compared to fully allogeneic chimeras: a critical role for host antigen-presenting cells. Blood. 2002 Sep 1;100(5):1903-9.
Kraus AB, Shaffer J, Toh HC, Preffer F, Dombkowski D, Saidman S, Colby C, George R, McAfee S, Sackstein R, Dey B, Spitzer TR, Sykes M. Early host CD8 T-cell recovery and sensitized anti-donor interleukin-2-producing and cytotoxic T-cell responses associated with marrow graft rejection following nonmyeloablative allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Exp Hematol. 2003 Jul;31(7):609-21.
Spitzer TR, McAfee S, Sackstein R, Colby C, Toh HC, Multani P, Saidman S, Weyouth DW, Preffer F, Poliquin C, Foley A, Cox B, Andrews D, Sachs DH, Sykes M. Intentional induction of mixed chimerism and achievement of antitumor responses after nonmyeloablative conditioning therapy and HLA-matched donor bone marrow transplantation for refractory hematologic malignancies. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2000;6(3A):309-20.
Rubio MT, Kim YM, Sachs T, Mapara M, Zhao G, Sykes M. Antitumor effect of donor marrow graft rejection induced by recipient leukocyte infusions in mixed chimeras prepared with nonmyeloablative conditioning: critical role for recipient-derived IFN-gamma. Blood. 2003 Sep 15;102(6):2300-7. Epub 2003 Jun 5.
Ballen KK, Becker PS, Emmons RV, Fitzgerald TJ, Hsieh CC, Liu Q, Heyes C, Clark Y, Levy W, Lambert JF, Chiafari F, Szymanski I, Rososhansky S, Popovsky MA, Stewart FM, Quesenberry PJ. Low-dose total body irradiation followed by allogeneic lymphocyte infusion may induce remission in patients with refractory hematologic malignancy. Blood. 2002 Jul 15;100(2):442-50.
Colby C, Sykes M, Sachs DH, Spitzer TR. Cellular modulation of acute graft-vs.-host disease. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 1997 Dec;3(6):287-93. Review.

Responsible Party: Bimalangshu Dey, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00909948     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00981760
Other Study ID Numbers: Protocol 07-068
First Submitted: May 27, 2009
First Posted: May 29, 2009
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017

Keywords provided by Bimalangshu Dey, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Related stem cell transplant,
TBI,
Mismatched stem cell transplant
Fludarabine
Non-myeloablative
Lymphoma
Multiple myeloma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Hodgkin Disease
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma
Lymphatic Diseases
Fludarabine
Fludarabine phosphate
Vidarabine
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents


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