Influence of Fibrin Glue on Seroma Formation After Modified Radical Mastectomy (MRM)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Influence of Fibrin Glue on Seroma Formation After Modified Radical|
- Seroma Formation [ Time Frame: within 30 days postoperative ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: 1 fibrin glue
8 ml of fibrin glue was sprayed on the surgical area with Y canula ( doubleject application system).One milliliter of fibrin glue contains 70-100 mg. fibrinogen, 10-50 u factor 8 aprotinin 3000k iu/ml, 2-9 mg fibronectin,40-120 ug plasminogen ,4 Iu/ml thrombin, 40 mmol cocl2/L (immuno AG/austrial)
Procedure: fibrin glue in breast surgery
fibrin glue 8 ml in the bed after modified radical mastectomy in fibrin treated group
Other Name: fibrin glue after modifed radical mastectomy
No Intervention: 2 non fibrin glue
after good haemostasis the same sized drain was applied in axillary and breast area and incision was closed. Followed by external compression for 10 minutes in both groups. Drains were left in places until the drainage for the preceding 24 h was less than 20 ml.
This study was carried out from January 2005 to December 2007 at Mansoura university hospital, Departement 8 of surgical department. This study approved by local ethical committee Fifty patients had breast cancer were included in the study. Patients who received preoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy were exclude Also, patients with previous axillary surgery or patients who underwent simultaneous reconstructive surgery and breast conservative surgery and locally advanced breast cancer were exclude.
Informed written consent was obtained from all patients included in the study. All patients include in the study, MRM was done for then and axillary lymphadenectomy extended to the axillary level III was done with sharp dissection and ligation of the visible lymph vessels and minor blood vessel. After performing hemostasis in the mastectomy and axillary area. .Patients were randomly divided by closed envelop into two groups. Patients were randomized at end of surgical procedure to avoid possible treatment bias during surgical procedure.
Group І (with fibrin glue) and group П without fibrin glue. In fibrin glue group. 4 ml of fibrin glue was sprayed on the surgical area with Y canula (doubleject application system). In group 11 after good haemostasis the same sized drain was applied in axillary and breast area and incision was closed. Followed by external compression for 10 minutes in both groups. Drains were left in places until the drainage for the preceding 24 h was less than 30 ml/day.
Data collected Preoperative data collected included age, body mass indexed (BMI), medical and surgical history, history of chemotherapy, radiotherapy Operative data included estimated blood loss, types of dissection, duration of the operation Postoperative data included hospital stay , postoperative measurement of drainage daily , date of removal , state of the wound ( infection , haematoma, necrosis , opened wound ), number of axillary lymph nodes dissected , cancer stage , number of axillary lymph nodes positive, incidence of Seroma formation , interval of Seroma resolution , Seroma aspirated volume and number of postoperative visits Seroma formation was defined as inability to remove participant drain by postoperative day 10 because of high output (more than 30 ml /day drain Seroma) and / or the need to aspirate of fluid after removal of the drain.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00909649
|Mansoura , Egypt, Mansoura,egypt, Egypt, 050|
|Mansoura, Egypt, 050|
|Principal Investigator:||ayman elnakeeb||mansoura university hospital|