Tobacco Cessation for Veterans With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Department of Veterans Affairs Identifier:
First received: May 22, 2009
Last updated: January 21, 2015
Last verified: January 2015

The goal of this study is to improve the effectiveness of tobacco cessation treatment for veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) through ongoing, integrated care management approach using telehealth and motivational interviewing counseling. Both tobacco dependence and PTSD represent enormous challenges to the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system.

Condition Intervention
Tobacco Use Cessation
Post Traumatic Stress Disorders
Behavioral: Motivation Interviewing Counseling

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Telehealth Care Management and Tobacco Cessation for Veterans With PTSD

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Department of Veterans Affairs:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Self-reported Quit Attempts - The primary outcome is the proportion of veteran's who make a self-reported quit attempt (as defined as a 24-hour point prevalence rate). [ Time Frame: Month 3 and Month 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Self-reported Quit Attempts - Secondary outcomes include: progress in the stages of change as measured by the TTM Stages of Change (short form) questionnaire. This will identify current stage of change for each subject. A seven-day point prevalence [ Time Frame: Month 3 and Month 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Care Coordination: The primary outcome is the veteran's perception of care coordination as measured by the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) [ Time Frame: Month 3 and Month 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Care Coordination: Secondary outcomes include: patient satisfaction surveys regarding MI counseling and Smoking Cessation content [ Time Frame: Month 3 and Month 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • PTSD Symptoms: The primary outcome is the level of symptoms related to PTSD [ Time Frame: Month 3 and Month 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • PTSD Symptoms secondary outcomes include: Geriatric depression Scale, Suicide Risk, McGill Short Form Pain Questionnaire, SF-12v2 [ Time Frame: Month 3 and Month 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 178
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: June 2014
Primary Completion Date: March 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1
Veterans with PTSD who smoke and are exposed to a 90-day smoking cessation curriculum that is integrated into the PTSD Health Buddy Program and weekly motivational interviewing counseling by a nurse plus usual smoking cessation care
Behavioral: Motivation Interviewing Counseling
Stage-based smoking cessation information written in the spirit of motivational interviewing in addition to weekly telephonic motivational interviewing counseling sessions
No Intervention: Arm 2
Veteran with PTSD who smoke and receive standard of care for smoking cessation and use the standard PTSD Health Buddy

Detailed Description:

Background: Veterans smoke at a higher rate (30%) than the U.S. adult population (21%), and veterans with PTSD have even higher rates of smoking (53-66%). Evidence has shown that any tobacco dependence treatment strategy must be integrated in the health care system because consistent and effective delivery of tobacco cessation requires coordinated interventions. Persistent tobacco users typically cycle through multiple periods of relapse and remission. Veterans with PTSD (279,256 in 2005) who are treated for smoking cessation may need more comprehensive aid to be successful. Failure to appreciate the chronic nature of tobacco dependence may impede comprehensive and consistent treatment. Care management using telehealth has been shown to improve access to care while reducing costs for veterans with chronic diseases and has the potential to coordinate smoking cessation with care for other chronic diseases. Nurses have successfully managed chronic diseases using telehealth by focusing on increasing self-management, positive behaviors and knowledge. Nurses are vital to increasing the level of support in the community through education and motivation and by responding to medical events in order to improve veterans' health.

Objectives: The study is designed to determine if adding motivational counseling and care management using the PTSD Health Buddy to usual care improves smoking quit rates of veterans with PTSD. Specific Aims are to compare: 1) self-reported quit attempts, progression through the stages of change, and quit rates, 2) patient perception of care coordination, and 3) changes in PTSD symptoms in veteran smokers with PTSD who receive a nurse-driven telephonic motivational counseling intervention triggered by responses to stage-based smoking cessation questions in addition to usual care to those who receive usual care only.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV criteria (DSM-IV) for diagnosis code 309.81 PTSD
  • Willingness to participate
  • Currently smoking 1 or more cigarettes per day

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use smokeless tobacco, pipes or cigars instead of cigarettes
  • Have imminent risk of suicide or violence
  • Have severe psychiatric symptoms or psychosocial instability likely to prevent participation in protocol (provider will assess appropriateness)
  • Have clinically apparent gross cognitive impairment
  • Unable to connect Health Buddy in home
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00908882

United States, Colorado
VA Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80220
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Catherine Battaglia, PhD MS BS Department of Veterans Affairs
  More Information

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Department of Veterans Affairs Identifier: NCT00908882     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NRI 08-117, COMIRB 08-0556
Study First Received: May 22, 2009
Last Updated: January 21, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Department of Veterans Affairs:
Nursing Care

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Anxiety Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on May 27, 2015