Nurse-Provided Care or Standard Care in Treating Patients With Stage I, Stage II, or Stage III Breast Cancer
RATIONALE: Meeting with a nurse to assess symptoms and quality of life may be more effective than standard care in treating patients with breast cancer.
PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying nurse-provided care to see how well it works compared with standard care in treating patients with stage I, stage II, or stage III breast cancer.
|Breast Cancer Fatigue Nausea and Vomiting Pain||Other: medical chart review Other: questionnaire administration Procedure: fatigue assessment and management Procedure: psychosocial assessment and care Procedure: quality-of-life assessment|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||A Standard Nursing Intervention Protocol for Breast Cancer as a Chronic Illness|
- Quality of life, psychological distress, symptom relief, geriatric assessment outcome, and resource use at 3 months
- Long-term impact at 6 months
|Study Start Date:||July 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Group II (SNIP)
Patients undergo SNIP comprising four visits over 2 months and four monthly telephone calls from the APN. The APN will provide 24 hour access during the study. Patients complete questionnaires about satisfaction with care, perceived preparedness with self-care, and helpfulness of patient teaching at baseline, 3 months and 6 months.
|Other: medical chart review Other: questionnaire administration Procedure: fatigue assessment and management Procedure: psychosocial assessment and care Procedure: quality-of-life assessment|
Active Comparator: Group I (usual care intervention)
Patients undergo usual care and complete questionnaires about satisfaction with care, perceived preparedness with self-care, and helpfulness of patient teaching at baseline, 3 months and 6 months.
|Other: medical chart review Other: questionnaire administration Procedure: fatigue assessment and management Procedure: quality-of-life assessment|
- To compare the effects of an advanced practice nurse, standardized nursing intervention protocol (SNIP) model vs usual care on overall quality of life and psychological distress of patients with stage I-III breast cancer, from initial treatment to 6 months post diagnosis.
- To compare symptom control in these two groups.
- To compare geriatric assessment outcomes in these two groups.
- To test the effects of the SNIP intervention as compared to the usual care group on resource use by these patients.
- To test the effects of SNIP on patients' and clinicians' satisfaction with care.
- To describe the effects of SNIP on patients' management of transitions from one phase of chronic illness to another.
- To identify subgroups of these patients who benefit most from the SNIP in relation to sociodemographic characteristics, disease/treatment factors, and geriatric assessment predictors.
- To obtain feedback from clinicians regarding interpretation of findings and application to the routine care of breast cancer patients.
OUTLINE: Patients are enrolled sequentially to 1 of 2 groups. Group 1 is enrolled during months 4-21 and group 2 is enrolled during months 25-54.
- Group 1 (usual care): Patient questionnaires are administered at baseline and at 3 and 6 months. The clinicians' satisfaction with care is also evaluated.
- Group 2 (advanced practice nurse [APN] intervention): Patients are accrued by an APN. Patients meet with the APN periodically to assess their physical well-being including ambulatory care needed, care of physical symptoms (i.e., pain, fatigue, nausea and vomiting), and psychological well-being. Questionnaires are administered at baseline and at 3 and 6 months.
In both groups, questionnaires include the FACT-Breast, Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale, Psychological Distress Thermometer, Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment, and Patient Satisfaction with Intervention. Clinicians also complete questionnaires. Patients' medical charts are also reviewed.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00903305
|Principal Investigator:||Marcia Grant, RN, DNSc, FAAN||City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center|