Fatigue and Pancreas and Bile Duct Cancer Study
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Fatigue, Physical Functioning, and Quality of Life in Patients With Pancreatic and Periampullary Cancers Following Surgery, Chemotherapy, and/or Radiation Therapy|
- FACIT (Facit Fatigue Scale) and Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (MOS-SF-36) questionnaires [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Questionnaires will be completed after surgery but prior to initiation of chemotherapy (CT) or radiation therapy (RT) and again 6 months after hospital discharge or at the completion of adjuvant therapy.
|Study Start Date:||February 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Usual Care Group
Participants randomized to the usual care group will be encouraged to return to their "usual" or pre-surgical levels of activity. Usual care of post-surgical PC and peri-ampullary patients typically includes encouragement to walk and be active as they can be by the surgeons, surgical nurses and the nurse practitioners. Participants in the usual care group will not receive an individual "Exercise Prescription" at the time of entry. The usual care group will perform a baseline walk. Participants in the usual care group will not receive an individual "Exercise Prescription" at the time of entry nor will they will a telephone call every month. Repeat questionnaires will be performed at 6 months.
Experimental: Walking Program
Participants in the intervention arm will participate in a walking program consisting of a 6 week graduated walking program. There are three phases to the walking program, Phase 1 is Warm-up, Phase 2 is Brisk Walking and Phase 3 is Cool Down. Phase 1 is the same for all 6 weeks, and consists of a slow 5 minute walk. In Months 1 and 2, Phase 2 is a 10 minute brisk walk. In Months 3 and 4, Phase 2 is a 20 minute brisk walk. In Months 5 and 6, Phase 2 is a 25 - 30 minute brisk walk. Phase 3 is the same for all 6 weeks and consists of a 5 minute rest/cool down period.
Other: Walking Program
"Brisk" walking is defined as faster than the slow walk, but not to exhaustion and not a running pace. Participants will be instructed to walk at home, at a gym or in a shopping mall for as far as possible on a level surface, wearing appropriate footwear as described in the walking booklet. (Patients may continue to walking longer if they desire and are symptom free). Participants should stop or slow down if they experience any discomfort (such as uncomfortable shortness of breath, chest pain, or body pain). The goal is to eventually walk for 90-120 minutes per week in three to four sessions. Participants will not be asked to take their pulse or to record their perceived exertion in order to simplify the program.
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in men and fifth in women in the US (Jemal, Sigel, Ward, Murray, Xu, Thun et al., 2007). According to the American Cancer Society, the reported incidence of PC is roughly 37,000 cases per year, with approximately 33,000 annual deaths (2007). Periampullary cancers are less common; there were 9,250 incident cancers of the biliary tract in 2007, with 3,250 resultant deaths (Jemal et al., 2007).
Five-year survival rates for untreated PC and periampullary cancers are poor, approximately 4%. Surgery offers the only hope of a cure for these patients. Following resection, the reported median survival is 12-18 months, with a five-year survival of 10-40% for patients with PC (Cleary, Gryfe, Guindi, 2004; Ishikawa, Ohihashi, Yamada, Sasaki, Imaoka, Nakaizumi et al., 2002; Sohn, Yeo, Cameron, Koniarais, Kaushal, Abrams, et al., 2000; & Conlon, Klimstra, & Brennan, 1996) and somewhat higher rates for patients with periampullary cancers. Five-year post-resection survival rates may approach 40% when performed at specialized major medical institutions and when favorable pathologic predictors are identified (Sohn et al.). In recent years, improved post-resection survival is due in part to lower perioperative mortality, and partially due to aggressive resection of early, low stage tumors. Long-term survival is considerably lower when resection is performed at low volume pancreatic surgery institutions and postoperative mortality is significantly higher (Birkmeyer, Siewers, Finlayson, Stukel, Lucas, Batista, et al., 2002).
As patients with pancreatic and periampullary cancers experience improved survival rates and live longer, issues regarding adverse symptoms, physical function and quality of life become more important. Fatigue and pain are commonly reported symptoms in patients undergoing CT and RT, with fatigue the most universally reported symptom (Given, Given, McCorkle, Kozachik, Cimprich, Rahbar, Wojcik, 20002). Fatigue can lead to a decrease in activity levels and in one's overall QOL. Exercise has been found to effectively decrease fatigue levels and improve functional capacity in patients with breast and prostate cancer (Mock, Pickett, Ropka, Lin, Rhodes, McDaniel, et al. 2001; Segal, R., Reid, R., Courneya, K, Malone, S., Parliament, M., Scott, C., et al., 2003; MacVicar, Winningham, & Nickel, 1989).
No study to date has reported on the effects of an exercise program on fatigue levels, physical functioning or QOL in post-operative pancreatic and periampullary cancer patients.
This pilot study will employ a quasi-experimental study design that is prospective in nature and randomizes patients to either the intervention group or the usual care group.
Participants will complete the Piper Fatigue Scale (PFS) and the MOS SF-36 QOL questionnaire post-operatively prior to hospital discharge or at the first office visit, and again at the end of six months or at the conclusion of adjuvant treatment.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00902759
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Thomas Jefferson University|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107|
|Principal Investigator:||Theresa Yeo, PhD, MPH, MSN, AOCNP||Thomas Jefferson University|