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Maxillary Sinus Elevation With Bio-Oss or Straumann BoneCeramic

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00901121
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 13, 2009
Last Update Posted : March 3, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut Straumann AG

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study was to test a clinically relevant non-inferiority of Straumann BoneCeramic treatment compared to Bio-Oss treatment 180 to 240 days after sinus grafting procedure.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Teeth Loss Bone Loss Device: Straumann BoneCeramic Device: Bio-Oss Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This is a prospective, controlled, randomised, multicenter study. The total study duration for each patient should be three years.

In total 13 visits per patient are scheduled in this study.

The study device Straumann Bone Ceramic is CE-marked.

Height centers in Italy will participate.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Maxillary Sinus Grafting With Bio-Oss or Straumann Bone Ceramic Followed by Delayed Placement of Straumann Dental Implants: A Comparative Histomorphometric and Clinical Study
Study Start Date : July 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: BoneCeramic
Straumann BoneCeramic is a fully synthetic bone graft substitute of medical grade purity in particulate form composed of biphasic calcium phosphate - a mixture of 60% hydroxylapatite and of 40% of the beta form of tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP).
Device: Straumann BoneCeramic
Straumann BoneCeramic (500-1000 microns, 0.5g)

Active Comparator: Bio-Oss
Bio-Oss spongiosa granules, size of particle 0.25-1 mm
Device: Bio-Oss
Bio-Oss spongiosa granules, size of particle 0.25-1 mm

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Histological evaluation of the ratio between new bone and residual graft material at the implant site 180 to 240 days after graft-placement. [ Time Frame: 180 to 240 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Histomorphometric evaluation of the amount of new bone, soft tissue and remaining graft in the treatment, control and in a 1mm compartment 1mm close to the autogenous bone and the amount of new bone on contact with the graft. [ Time Frame: 180 to 240 days ]
  2. Evaluation of the survival and success rate of Straumann dental implants placed in the grafted areas [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  3. Clinical evaluation of peri implant soft tissue [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females were at least 18 years of age and not more than 70 years old
  • A dental implant procedure was foreseen in the maxilla region corresponding to maxillary sinus
  • Patients presented a bone defect in the sinus area, which needed a sinus floor elevation to place one or more dental implants
  • The patients were unilaterally or bilaterally edentulous in the maxillary region corresponding to the sinuses
  • Residual alveolar crest height of the lateral-posterior segments of the edentulous maxilla below the floor of the maxillary sinus was less than 8 mm and at least 3 mm, measured by CT scans. Furthermore, residual alveolar crest width should be at least in average 6 mm measured by the CT scans
  • Patients were committed to the study
  • Patients were healthy at time of surgery

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Medical conditions requiring prolonged use of steroids
  • Standard blood test performed by the medical practitioner of the patient showing: leukocyte dysfunction and deficiencies
  • Haemophilia, bleeding disorders or cumarin therapy
  • History of neoplastic disease requiring the use of chemotherapy
  • History of radiation therapy to the head and neck
  • Patients with history of renal failure or chronic renal diseases
  • Patients affected by chronic liver diseases
  • Patients with severe or uncontrolled metabolic bone disorders
  • Uncontrolled endocrine disorders (including diabetes)
  • Current pregnancy at the time of recruitment
  • Physical handicaps that would interfere with the ability to perform adequate oral hygiene
  • Use of any investigational drug or device within the 90 days period immediately prior to implant surgery on study day 0
  • Alcoholism or chronically drug abuse causing systemic compromisation
  • Immunocompromised patients including patients infected with HIV
  • Patients who smoke more than 10 cigarettes per day or cigar equivalents, or who chew tobacco
  • Conditions or circumstances, in the opinion of the investigator, which could represent a general contra-indication for surgical procedure or would prevent completion of study participation or interfere with analysis of study results, such as history of non-compliance, or unreliability

Local exclusion criteria

  • Local inflammation, including untreated periodontitis to residual dentition
  • Mucosal diseases such as erosive lichen planus
  • History of local radiation therapy
  • Presence of oral lesions (such as ulceration, malignancy)
  • Severe bruxing or clenching habits
  • Persistent intraoral infection
  • Patients with inadequate oral hygiene or unmotivated for adequate home care
  • Unhealed extraction sites in the upper premolar or molar area
  • Last tooth extraction performed less than 3 months before surgery 1
  • Previous GBR (guided bone regeneration) or dental implant treatment in the lateral-posterior segments of the upper maxilla (foreseen implant site)
  • Patients presenting clinical and radiological signs and symptoms of maxillary sinus disease
  • Patients presenting with residual alveolar crest height of the lateral-posterior segments of the edentulous maxilla below the floor of the maxillary sinus less than 3 mm and residual alveolar crest width less than 6 mm (measured by the CT scans)
  • The reduction in residual bone height was determined by sinus pneumatization and not by vertical resorption of the residual alveolar crest with increased interarch distance. Patients with increased interarch distance were excluded from the study
  • Existing teeth in the residual dentition with untreated endodontic or cariologic problems
  • Horizontal or vertical augmentation to correct the vertical inter-arch distance or to correct horizontal defects

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00901121

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Private Practice
Milan, Italy, 20124
University of Milan
Milan, Italy, 20142
Private Practice
Naples, Italy, 80121
Private Practice
Naples, Italy, 80429
Private Practice
Pavia, Italy, 27100
Private Practice
Rome, Italy, 00145
Private Practice
Rome, Italy, 00151
Eastman Dental Hospital ASL RMA Roma
Rome, Italy, 00197
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut Straumann AG
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Principal Investigator: Matteo Chiapasco, Prof University of Milan

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Institut Straumann AG Identifier: NCT00901121     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR 09/04
First Posted: May 13, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 3, 2016
Last Verified: March 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Institut Straumann AG:
maxillary sinus lift
Histomorphometric evaluation
bone graft
bone augmentation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tooth Loss
Periodontal Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Tooth Diseases