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Studying Body Mass Index in Younger Patients Who Are Receiving Treatment for High-Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00900445
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : May 12, 2009
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group

Brief Summary:
This clinical trial is studying body mass index in younger patients receiving prednisone/prednisolone, vincristine, daunorubicin, and pegaspargase for high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Studying samples of blood from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about the affect of body mass index on the way anticancer drugs work in the body. It may also help doctors predict how patients will respond to treatment

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Untreated Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Drug: Daunorubicin Hydrochloride Other: Pharmacological Study Drug: Prednisolone Drug: Prednisone Drug: Vincristine Sulfate

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the pharmacokinetics of prednisone/prednisolone, vincristine, and daunorubicin hydrochloride among obese, middle-weight, and underweight children aged 10 to less than 20 years of age undergoing induction therapy for high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

II. To examine the relationship between the above parameters and response status as defined by early response and induction failure

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to body mass index (BMI) (greater than or equal to 95th percentile [obese] vs 10th to 95th percentile [normal or at risk for overweight] vs less than or equal to 10th percentile [underweight]).

Patients receive anticancer therapy as prescribed by their treating clinicians. Patients receive prednisone/prednisolone orally twice on either day 1 or day 8. Patients also receive daunorubicin hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes and vincristine IV once on the same day.

Blood samples are obtained on either day 1 or day 8** of induction therapy for pharmacokinetic analysis of prednisone, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and vincristine activity levels.

Blood samples are analyzed via high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), ultrafiltration, a Nessler reaction, ELISA, and liquid chromatography using reverse-phase chromatography, fluorescent detection, and solid-phase extraction.

Demographic information, including ethnicity, is also collected. Weight and height is recorded at diagnosis and on the day pharmacokinetic assessment of vincristine, prednisone, and daunorubicin hydrochloride begins.

NOTE: **Patients who are being sampled on day 8 of induction therapy and who have received intravenous corticosteroid therapy in the first week of induction must have received at least six oral prednisone/prednisolone doses prior to the morning prednisone/prednisolone dose on day 8.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Official Title: Impact of Obesity on the Pharmacokinetics of Anticancer Therapy in Children With High Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Actual Study Start Date : March 24, 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 17, 2009


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Basic science (pharmacokinetics)
Patients receive anticancer therapy as prescribed by their treating clinicians. Patients receive prednisone/prednisolone orally twice on either day 1 or day 8. Patients also receive daunorubicin hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes and vincristine IV once on the same day.
Drug: Daunorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Cerubidin
  • Cerubidine
  • Cloridrato de Daunorubicina
  • Daunoblastin
  • Daunoblastina
  • Daunoblastine
  • Daunomycin Hydrochloride
  • Daunomycin, hydrochloride
  • Daunorubicin.HCl
  • Daunorubicini Hydrochloridum
  • FI-6339
  • Ondena
  • RP-13057
  • Rubidomycin Hydrochloride
  • Rubilem

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Drug: Prednisolone
Given orally
Other Names:
  • (11beta)-11,17,21-Trihydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
  • .delta.1-Hydrocortisone
  • Adnisolone
  • Aprednislon
  • Capsoid
  • Cortalone
  • Cortisolone
  • Dacortin H
  • Decaprednil
  • Decortin H
  • Delta(1)Hydrocortisone
  • Delta- Cortef
  • Delta-Cortef
  • Delta-Diona
  • Delta-F
  • Delta-Phoricol
  • Delta1-dehydro-hydrocortisone
  • Deltacortril
  • Deltahydrocortisone
  • Deltasolone
  • Deltidrosol
  • Dhasolone
  • Di-Adreson-F
  • Dontisolon D
  • Estilsona
  • Fisopred
  • Frisolona
  • Gupisone
  • Hostacortin H
  • Hydeltra
  • Hydeltrasol
  • Klismacort
  • Kuhlprednon
  • Lenisolone
  • Lepi-Cortinolo
  • Linola-H N
  • Linola-H-Fett N
  • Longiprednil
  • Metacortandralone
  • Meti Derm
  • Meticortelone
  • Opredsone
  • Panafcortelone
  • Precortisyl
  • Pred-Clysma
  • Predeltilone
  • Predni-Coelin
  • Predni-Helvacort
  • Prednicortelone
  • Prednisolonum
  • Prelone
  • Prenilone
  • Sterane

Drug: Prednisone
Given orally
Other Names:
  • .delta.1-Cortisone
  • 1, 2-Dehydrocortisone
  • Adasone
  • Cortancyl
  • Dacortin
  • DeCortin
  • Decortisyl
  • Decorton
  • Delta 1-Cortisone
  • Delta-Dome
  • Deltacortene
  • Deltacortisone
  • Deltadehydrocortisone
  • Deltasone
  • Deltison
  • Deltra
  • Econosone
  • Lisacort
  • Meprosona-F
  • Metacortandracin
  • Meticorten
  • Ofisolona
  • Orasone
  • Panafcort
  • Panasol-S
  • Paracort
  • PRED
  • Predicor
  • Predicorten
  • Prednicen-M
  • Prednicort
  • Prednidib
  • Prednilonga
  • Predniment
  • Prednisonum
  • Prednitone
  • Promifen
  • Servisone
  • SK-Prednisone

Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Kyocristine
  • Leurocristine sulfate
  • Leurocristine, sulfate
  • Oncovin
  • Vincasar
  • Vincosid
  • Vincrex
  • Vincristine, sulfate




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetic parameters of prednisone/prednisolone [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6 to 8, 10 and 12 hours ]
    Two multiple comparisons (normal weight versus obese and normal weight versus underweight groups) will be conducted with a priori planned contrasts using the Bonferroni adjustment method.

  2. Pharmacokinetic parameters of daunorubicin hydrochloride [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 to 36 hours, and 48 to 72 hours ]
    Two multiple comparisons (normal weight versus obese and normal weight versus underweight groups) will be conducted with a priori planned contrasts using the Bonferroni adjustment method.

  3. Pharmacokinetic parameters of vincristine sulfate [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 to 36 hours, and 48 to 72 hours ]
    Two multiple comparisons (normal weight versus obese and normal weight versus underweight groups) will be conducted with a priori planned contrasts using the Bonferroni adjustment method.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. RER and SER status [ Time Frame: Up to 1.5 years ]
    To examine the relationship between pharmacokinetic parameters and RER versus SER status, univariate and multiple logistic regressions will be performed.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be newly diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and the intended induction treatment must contain prednisone/prednisolone, vincristine and daunorubicin in the doses and schedule as per the current COG AALL0232 protocol; prior registration onto a COG protocol is not required
  • Patients must be able to take either prednisone/prednisolone reliably by mouth on day 1 or 8 of induction (depending on sampling schedule chosen); patients who are being sampled on Induction day 8 and who have received intravenous corticosteroid therapy in the first week of induction must have received a minimum of six oral prednisone/prednisolone doses prior to the morning prednisone/prednisolone dose on induction day 8

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Serum transaminase concentrations >= 5 X ULN for age
  • Total serum bilirubin (conjugated + unconjugated) >= 1.5 mg/dl (>= 26 micromol/L)
  • Serum creatinine > 1.5 X ULN for age
  • With the exception of prednisone/prednisolone, receipt of medications or food known or with the potential to alter the pharmacokinetics of the drugs under study within 14 days of diagnosis and throughout the period of pharmacokinetic sampling; such agents include but are not limited to: grapefruit, tangelos or the juice of these fruits; St. Johns wort; anticonvulsants: carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, primidone; azole antifungal agents: ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole; macrolide antibiotics: erythromycin, clarithromycin; isoniazid; rifampin; verapamil; and diltiazem
  • Presence of known malabsorption syndrome
  • Females with known pregnancy (pregnancy test must be negative to be eligible)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00900445


Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
Childrens Oncology Group
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ian Pollack Children's Oncology Group
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Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00900445    
Other Study ID Numbers: ACCL0631
NCI-2011-02151 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CDR0000588173
ACCL0631 ( Other Identifier: Childrens Oncology Group )
COG-ACCL0631 ( Other Identifier: DCP )
ACCL0631 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA095861 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 12, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2018
Last Verified: March 2013
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Prednisone
Prednisolone
Methylprednisolone Acetate
Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Prednisolone acetate
Hydrocortisone
Hydrocortisone 17-butyrate 21-propionate
Hydrocortisone acetate
Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate
Cortisone
Vincristine
Daunorubicin
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal