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Evaluating the Side Effects and How Well Anticancer Drugs Work in Very Young Patients With Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified June 2009 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: May 9, 2009
Last updated: August 9, 2013
Last verified: June 2009

RATIONALE: Studying samples of blood in the laboratory from young patients with cancer may help doctors learn how carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide affect the body and how patients will respond to treatment.

PURPOSE: This laboratory study is evaluating the side effects and how well anticancer drugs work in very young patients with cancer.

Condition Intervention
Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Drug: carboplatin
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: etoposide phosphate
Genetic: gene expression analysis
Genetic: polymorphism analysis
Other: pharmacological study

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacogenetics of Anticancer Drugs in Infants and Young Children

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pharmacokinetic parameters
  • Pharmacokinetic modelling comparing pharmacokinetic parameters to investigate the key factors involved in determining individual exposures to parent drugs and metabolites
  • Influence of pharmacokinetic parameters and genotype for metabolizing enzyme on event-free survival
  • Influence of pharmacokinetic parameters and genotype for metabolizing enzyme on toxicity

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: February 2007
Detailed Description:


  • Investigate inter-individual variability in the pharmacokinetics of selected anticancer drugs in infants and children age < 2 years on current dosing schedules.
  • Compare drug exposures and degree of pharmacokinetic variability in children < 2 years with data obtained from published studies in older children.
  • Relate inter-individual variability in pharmacokinetics and drug exposure to clinical toxicity and response.
  • Use pharmacokinetic data in conjunction with clinical information obtained following treatment to investigate the suitability of current dosing regimens in infants and young children.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to age in months (0 to 6 vs 6 to 12 vs 12 to 24).

Patients receive carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, or etoposide according to the dosing regimen detailed in the clinical protocol on which the child is being treated.

Blood samples are collected from patients receiving 1 of the 3 drugs by central venous catheter periodically during treatment to measure pharmacokinetics of the specific drug. Additional blood samples are collected for DNA extraction and polymorphism analysis in CYP2B6, CYP2C9, and other metabolizing enzymes in addition to the determination of the genetic variation in multiple drug resistance.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 2 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnosis of childhood cancer
  • Receiving carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, or etoposide as standard treatment as part of a clinical study at a Children's Cancer and Leukemia Group (CCLG) center


  • Not specified


  • Single or double lumen central venous catheter in place
  • No concurrent anticonvulsants, azole antifungal agents, or chronic steroid treatment
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00897871

Our Lady's Hospital for Sick Children Crumlin
Dublin, Ireland, 12
United Kingdom
Birmingham Children's Hospital
Birmingham, England, United Kingdom, B4 6NH
Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Bristol, England, United Kingdom, BS2 8BJ
Addenbrooke's Hospital
Cambridge, England, United Kingdom, CB2 2QQ
Leeds Cancer Centre at St. James's University Hospital
Leeds, England, United Kingdom, LS9 7TF
Leicester Royal Infirmary
Leicester, England, United Kingdom, LE1 5WW
Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital, Alder Hey
Liverpool, England, United Kingdom, L12 2AP
University College Hospital
London, England, United Kingdom, NW1 2PCE
Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children
London, England, United Kingdom, WC1N 3JH
Royal Manchester Children's Hospital
Manchester, England, United Kingdom, M27 4HA
Sir James Spence Institute of Child Health at Royal Victoria Infirmary
Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, England, United Kingdom, NE1 4LP
Queen's Medical Centre
Nottingham, England, United Kingdom, NG7 2UH
Oxford Radcliffe Hospital
Oxford, England, United Kingdom, 0X3 9DU
Children's Hospital - Sheffield
Sheffield, England, United Kingdom, S10 2TH
Southampton General Hospital
Southampton, England, United Kingdom, SO16 6YD
Royal Marsden - Surrey
Sutton, England, United Kingdom, SM2 5PT
Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children
Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, BT12 6BE
Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital
Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom, AB25 2ZG
Royal Hospital for Sick Children
Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, EH9 1LF
Royal Hospital for Sick Children
Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, G3 8SJ
Childrens Hospital for Wales
Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom, CF14 4XW
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Cancer and Leukaemia Group
Principal Investigator: Gareth Veal University of Newcastle Upon-Tyne
  More Information Identifier: NCT00897871     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CCLG-PK-2006-09  CDR0000560121  EU-20742  EUDRACT-2006-002845-36 
Study First Received: May 9, 2009
Last Updated: August 9, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
unspecified childhood solid tumor, protocol specific

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Etoposide phosphate
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on February 20, 2017