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Vitamin E Supplements in Preventing Cancer in Patients at Risk of Prostate Cancer or Who Have Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00895115
First Posted: May 8, 2009
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2012
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey ( University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey )
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Vitamin E supplements may stop or delay the development of prostate cancer in patients who are at risk of prostate cancer or who have prostate cancer. It is not yet known which vitamin E regimen is more effective in preventing prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase I trial is comparing vitamin E supplement regimens to see how well they work in preventing cancer in patients at risk of prostate cancer or who have prostate cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer Dietary Supplement: vitamin E Procedure: sham intervention Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized Study to Investigate the Presence of Tocopherol Metabolites in the Prostate

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey ( University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey ):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Effect of tocopherol supplementation on plasma and urine levels of α-, γ-, and δ-tocopherols, PSA, and prostaglandin E2 [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  • Oxidative stress and nitrosative stress as assessed by plasma levels of F2-isoprostane, C-reactive protein, and 3-nitrotyrosine as well as urinary levels of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  • Levels of α-, γ-, and δ-tocopherols in prostate tissues and cell proliferation, apoptosis, cyclooxygenase-2, 8-OHdG, and 3-nitropyrosine levels as assessed by IHC [ Time Frame: 4 years ]

Enrollment: 65
Study Start Date: April 2009
Study Completion Date: May 2012
Primary Completion Date: May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Sham Comparator: Arm I
Patients receive no supplementation.
Procedure: sham intervention
No supplementation
Experimental: Arm II
Patients receive oral high γ-tocopherol vitamin E supplementation once daily for 1 week.
Dietary Supplement: vitamin E
Given once daily
Experimental: Arm III
Patients receive oral high γ-tocopherol vitamin E supplementation once daily for 2 weeks.
Dietary Supplement: vitamin E
Given once daily

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the effect of tocopherol supplementation on plasma and urine levels of α-, γ-, and δ-tocopherols, PSA, and prostaglandin E_2 by comparing the blood and urine samples collected before and after the supplementation in patients with prostate cancer.
  • Test the hypothesis that the supplementation reduced oxidative and nitrosative stress by measuring plasma levels of F_2-isoprostane, C-reactive protein, and 3-nitrotyrosine as well as urinary levels of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG).
  • Determine the levels of α-, γ-, and δ-tocopherols in prostate tissues and analyze immunohistochemically (IHC) for cell proliferation, apoptosis, cyclooxygenase-2, 8-OHdG, and 3-nitropyrosine levels in prostate cancer/tissue slides.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized into 1 of 3 arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive no supplementation.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral high γ-tocopherol vitamin E supplementation once daily for 1 week.
  • Arm III: Patients receive oral high γ-tocopherol vitamin E supplementation once daily for 2 weeks.

Blood, urine, and tissue samples are collected periodically and analyzed for oxidative/nitrosative stress and other markers (i.e., F2-isoprostane, 8-OHdG, 3-nitrotyrosine, prostaglandin E2, C-reactive protein, and PSA), biomarkers in prostate tumors and nontumorous tissues (i.e., 8-OHdG, 3-nitrotyrosine, and cyclooxygenase-2) by IHC, and pharmacokinetics by high-performance liquid chromatography.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Meets one of the following criteria:

    • Abnormal digital rectal examination or abnormal prostate specific antigen (> 4.0 ng/mL)
    • Obstructing prostate
    • Biopsy-proven prostate cancer
  • Scheduled to undergo prostate surgery (i.e., transurethral prostatectomy or prostatectomy)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • No uncontrolled diabetes, uncontrolled blood pressure, chronic congestive heart failure, or history of renal insufficiency
  • No personal or family history of a bleeding disorder
  • No known history of problems absorbing dietary fats (e.g., Crohn's disease, cystic fibrosis)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • More than 2 weeks since prior NSAIDs or corticosteroids
  • No concurrent supplementation of vitamin E (a multivitamin containing ≤ 60 IU of vitamin E is allowed)
  • No concurrent colestipol or orlistat
  • No concurrent warfarin or dicumarol
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00895115


Locations
United States, New Jersey
Cancer Institute of New Jersey at UMDNJ - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Susan Goodin, PharmD, FCCP, BCOP Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00895115     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 120802
P30CA072720 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
CDR0000639070 ( Other Identifier: NIH )
First Submitted: May 7, 2009
First Posted: May 8, 2009
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2012
Last Verified: June 2012

Keywords provided by Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey ( University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey ):
prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Vitamins
Vitamin E
Tocopherols
Tocotrienols
alpha-Tocopherol
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents