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Sputum Labeling Utilizing Synthetic Meso Tetra (4-Carboxyphenyl) Porphine (TCPP) for Detection of Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
Quintiles, Inc.
Radiology Associates of Albuquerque
New Mexico Technical Institute of Mining and Technology
Department of Veterans Services
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Biomoda Inc. Identifier:
First received: May 4, 2009
Last updated: September 19, 2014
Last verified: September 2014

Primary Objective:

  • To determine the clinical sensitivity and specificity of the Biomoda CyPath™ Early Lung Cancer Detection Assay using sputum specimens from two cohorts of participants and estimate the required sample size to finalize a protocol for a pivotal study.

Secondary Objectives:

  • To assess the capability of the Biomoda CyPath™ Early Lung Cancer Detection Assay in a clinical setting to identify cancer cells, as assessed by TCPP labeled cancer cells demonstrating red fluorescence under a microscope with ultraviolet (UV) light being observed with a FITC (Fluorescein isothiocyanate) Filter.
  • To assess the capability of the Biomoda CyPath™ Early Lung Cancer Detection Assay to detect pre-invasive cancer in comparison with PAP sputum cytology and routine CT scan.

Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer
Device: CyPath
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Sputum Labeling Utilizing Synthetic Meso Tetra (4-Carboxyphenyl) Porphine (TCPP) for Detection of Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Biomoda Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine the Clinical Sensitivity and Specificity of the Biomoda CyPath™ Early Lung Cancer Detection Assay Using Sputum Specimens From Two Cohorts of Participants and Estimate the Required Sample Size to Finalize a Protocol for a Pivotal Study. [ Time Frame: March 2011 ]

    Various measurements were taken to report the validity of the findings. Sensitivity in this study was defined as the percentage of tumor cells that were positively identified. Specificity was the percentage of true positive signals and accuracy calculated as the percentage of those patients identified as having cancer.

    Testing for the study was performed at multiple locations to assess the efficacy of the CyPath Assay to detect lung cancer cells exfoliated from lung tumors present in deep-lung sputum. Participants who satisfied the inclusion/exclusion criteria were enrolled in the study and assigned to one of two cohorts (smoker with clear Low dose CT scan or "high-risk" normals," and lung cancer confirmed by pathology or "cancer").

Enrollment: 128
Study Start Date: March 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2011
Primary Completion Date: February 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: CyPath Assay of Deep-Lung Sputum Sample
Deep-lung sputum was obtained from two cohorts, including (1) high-risk control group comprised of individuals not diagnosed but at high risk for lung cancer (n=102) and, (2) cancer group comprised of individuals with confirmed lung cancer diagnosis (n=26), was labeled in exact manner with TCPP and evaluated to detect red fluorescent [ie, cancer] cells (RFCs) from deep-lung sputum samples.
Device: CyPath
CyPath diagnostic assay for the early detection of lung cancer using sputum

Detailed Description:

Meso Tetra (4-Carboxyphenyl) Porphine (TCPP) is a porphyrin that can label cancer cells by reacting to the increased number of low-density lipoproteins coating the surface of cancer cells and the porous nature of the cancer cell membrane, causing the cell to fluoresce under specific wavelengths of light. The primary objective of this clinical trial was to determine the clinical sensitivity and specificity of the CyPath® Lung Cancer Detection Assay ("CyPath® Assay") using sputum specimens from two cohorts of Participants. The Study design included a protocol to assess the capability of the Biomoda CyPath® Lung Cancer Detection Assay to detect cancer in comparison with routine high-resolution, low-dose Computed Tomography (LDCT) scans.

Optimization of the Assay can lead to improved sensitivity and specificity. Increase in sample size and evaluation of the entire sputum sample can increase data collection and differentiation between cohorts. Technicians in the current Study examined 12 slides containing approximately 600,000 cells. The average sputum sample pellet translates to a potential of approximately 3.5 million cells for evaluation. Evaluating the full sputum sample with the CyPath® Assay can be accomplished through flow cytometry and would increase the capture and analysis of exfoliated cancer cells in the sample. In-house studies evaluated samples from five different cancer cell lines using flow cytometry. Preliminary results showed that cancer cell lines were detected with significant fluorescence apart from normal cell fluorescence. Refinements for using the flow cytometer include optimizing the liquid-based assay and sample analysis and focus on concentration, incubation time and optimal sample volume.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female Veterans
  • Study Participants must be willing to provide primary care physician contact information and agree to have medical information released if indicated
  • Meet requirements of one of the two cohorts in the study:
  • Cohort 1: Heavy Smoker

    • Defined as 20 pack years or greater (e.g., 1 pack/day for 20 years or 2 packs/day for 10 years).
  • Cohort 2: Known Lung Cancer

    • Recently diagnosed with Stage I - IV lung cancer with either central (bronchogenic) or peripheral tumor location, and prior to surgery or other therapy for the cancer; Participants with a central or peripheral pulmonary recurrence of lung cancer following primary therapy may also be enrolled. Sputum samples for this cohort may be collected at or after a diagnostic bronchoscopy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Severe obstructive lung disease
  • Angina with minimal exertion
  • Pregnancy
  • Have or have had cancer other than lung cancer within one year
  • Worked in the mining Industry
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00894127

United States, Connecticut
Waterbury Pulmonary Research
Waterbury, Connecticut, United States, 06708
United States, Delaware
Helen F. Graham Cancer Center, Christiana Care Health System
Newark, Delaware, United States, 19713
United States, New Mexico
Radiology Associates of Albuquerque
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Biomoda Inc.
Quintiles, Inc.
Radiology Associates of Albuquerque
New Mexico Technical Institute of Mining and Technology
Department of Veterans Services
Study Director: Constance Dorian, BS Biology
Principal Investigator: Lara Patriquin, MD Radiology Associates of Albuquerquqe
Principal Investigator: Thomas Bauer, MD Helen F Graham Cancer Center, Christiana Care
  More Information

Responsible Party: Biomoda Inc. Identifier: NCT00894127     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MODA-001
Study First Received: May 4, 2009
Results First Received: August 19, 2014
Last Updated: September 19, 2014

Keywords provided by Biomoda Inc.:
Lung Cancer
Sputum Cytology
Early Detection

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases processed this record on May 25, 2017