Bilateral Versus Unilateral Task Retraining Using the SaeboFlex Orthosis

This study has suspended participant recruitment.
(Insufficient time for study extenuating personal circumstances of PI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Giuli Krug, University of Missouri-Columbia Identifier:
First received: May 4, 2009
Last updated: July 17, 2012
Last verified: July 2012
A small, pilot study consisting of twelve participants with subacute (6-12 months post-stroke)and chronic stroke (1year+ post-stroke)living in and around Columbia area. The twelve participants will randomly be selected to participate in either unilateral (one-handed) task training (6 participants) or bilateral (two-handed) task training (6 participants) with the SaeboFlex orthosis. Each group will undergo six assessments to establish pre-testing baseline and qualification, followed by a training session, four-week combined home and clinic program, and post-testing to determine changes in affected arm use and function. The hypothesis is that two-handed training will before effective than one-handed training.

Condition Intervention Phase
Upper Extremity Amount of Movement
Upper Extremity Quality of Movement
Upper Extremity Muscle Tone
Upper Extremity Range of Motion
Performance in Activities of Daily Living
Other: Task Training
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effectiveness of Bilateral Versus Unilateral Task Retraining Using the SaeboFlex Orthosis in Individuals With Subacute and Chronic Stroke.

Further study details as provided by University of Missouri-Columbia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) [ Time Frame: Before and immediately after intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Canadian Occupational Performance Measure [ Time Frame: Before and immediately after intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: June 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1 Unilateral Group
This group will wear the SaeboFlex orthosis on their affected extremity and do exercises with that extremity only.
Other: Task Training
Task training is the movement of balls in an individually prescribed fashion using the SaeboFlex orthosis on the affected extremity.
Experimental: 2 Bilateral training
Members of this group will wear the SaeboFlex orthosis on the affected extremity and do exercises with the affected extremity and the non-affected extremity at the same time
Other: Task Training
Task training is the movement of balls in an individually prescribed fashion using the SaeboFlex orthosis on the affected extremity.

Detailed Description:
The SaeboFlex device is a mechanical orthosis that promotes grasp and release and functional movement of an upper limb that has impaired movement due to a stroke. Many researchers have found that incorporating both the affected and unaffected limb together during exercises (bilateral task training) results in increased functional use of the affected limb as compared to only performing exercises with the affected limb. Therefore, we want to determine if bilateral task training is more effective than unilateral task training with the use of the SaeboFlex device in subacute and chronic stroke rehabilitation. For the unilateral training group, exercises will be completed with only the affected hand using the Saebo device. For the bilateral group, the Saebo will be on the affected hand, no device on the unaffected hand, and both arms will do the exact same movements/exercises at the same time. The participants will be videotaped and photographed moving balls without the device, with the device at the start of the study, with the device midway through the study, and at the end of the study. This will be done for the purpose of providing participant feedback regarding their progress and for report of outcomes upon completion of the project. Faces will be omitted from all photographic media at the request of the participant, and the participant may decline photographic media at any time without having to withdraw from the study.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • at least 18 years of age
  • >6 months post stroke
  • diagnosis of first stroke
  • medically stable
  • ability to follow multipart verbal directions
  • score of >26 on Mini-Mental Status Exam
  • achieve 10 degrees elbow flexion
  • 1/4 range volitional finger flexion when hand positioned in wrist and finger extension
  • capable of standing for >2 minutes without an assistive ambulatory device
  • maintain independence in self-care or have a caretaker to provide assistance
  • no concurrent skilled therapy treatment
  • not participating in any experimental rehabilitation or drug studies.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • more than one stroke/multiple strokes
  • receptive aphasia
  • medically documented dementia
  • score less than 26 on Mini Mental Status Exam
  • contractures or joint deformities in the affected hand or wrist that impede the ability to use the device
  • inability to transfer 12 balls crate right and 12 balls crate left, while using the Saeboflex device on the affected arm, by the end of a 5-day training session.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00893776

United States, Missouri
University of Missouri, Lewis and Clark Hall
Columbia, Missouri, United States, 65211
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Missouri-Columbia
Principal Investigator: Giulianne Krug, MA, OTR/L University of Missouri, Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Giuli Krug, Clinical Assistant Professor, University of Missouri-Columbia Identifier: NCT00893776     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1134397 
Study First Received: May 4, 2009
Last Updated: July 17, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board processed this record on February 04, 2016