Study Evaluating Sorafenib Added to Standard Primary Therapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia Less Than 60 Years of Age (SORAML)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Technische Universität Dresden Identifier:
First received: May 4, 2009
Last updated: February 2, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor which is acting on various cellular pathways involved in the genesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Sorafenib is therefore a promising candidate for improvement of chemotherapy results in AML. This clinical trial evaluates the efficacy of sorafenib added to standard chemotherapy for AML in patients between 18 and 60 years of age. Patients are randomised to receive either sorafenib capsules or placebo in addition to their chemotherapy. The placebo and the sorafenib group will be compared regarding event-free survival and other clinical outcomes. An event is either treatment failure or relapse or death. According to the study hypothesis, the sorafenib group will have less events than the placebo group.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Drug: sorafenib
Drug: placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Randomized, Multicenter Phase-II Trial to Assess the Efficacy of Sorafenib Added to Standard Primary Therapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed AML ≤60 Years of Age

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Technische Universität Dresden:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Event-free survival [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Rate of complete remissions [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 276
Study Start Date: March 2009
Primary Completion Date: November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Sorafenib
Induction, Consolidation and Maintenance plus Sorafenib 2x 400 mg/d
Drug: sorafenib
Standard AML chemotherapy plus sorafenib 400 mg BID
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Induction, Consolidation and Maintenance plus Placebo
Drug: placebo
Standard AML chemotherapy plus placebo


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients with newly diagnosed AML (except APL) according to the FAB and WHO classification, including AML evolving from MDS or other hematologic diseases and AML after previous cytotoxic therapy or radiation (secondary AML)
  • Bone marrow aspirate or biopsy must contain ≥ 20% blasts of all nucleated cells or differential blood count must contain ≥ 20% blasts. In AML FAB M6 ≥ 30% of nonerythroid cells in the bone marrow must be leukemic blasts. In AML defined by cytogenetic aberrations, the proportion of blasts may be < 20%.
  • Age ≥ 18 and ≤ 60 years
  • Informed consent, personally signed and dated to participate in the study
  • ECOG performance status of 0-1
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  • Adequate liver and renal function as assessed by the following laboratory requirements to be conducted within 7 days prior to screening:
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00893373

University Hospital Dresden
Dresden, Germany, 01307
Sponsors and Collaborators
Technische Universität Dresden
Principal Investigator: Gerhard Ehninger, Prof, MD University Hospital Dresden
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by Technische Universität Dresden

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Technische Universität Dresden Identifier: NCT00893373     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TUD-SORAML-034
Study First Received: May 4, 2009
Last Updated: February 2, 2012
Health Authority: Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices

Keywords provided by Technische Universität Dresden:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on November 25, 2015