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Bevacizumab With or Without Everolimus in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Persistent Ovarian Epithelial Cancer, Fallopian Tube Cancer, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00886691
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 23, 2009
Results First Posted : July 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gynecologic Oncology Group

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase II trial studies how well bevacizumab with or without everolimus works in treating patients with recurrent or persistent ovarian epithelial cancer, fallopian tube cancer, or primary peritoneal cancer. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Everolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Bevacizumab and everolimus may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. It is not yet known whether bevacizumab is more effective when given together with or without everolimus in treating ovarian epithelial cancer, fallopian tube cancer, or primary peritoneal cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Fallopian Tube Carcinoma Recurrent Ovarian Carcinoma Recurrent Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma Biological: Bevacizumab Drug: Everolimus Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Other: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the progression-free survival hazard ratio of the combination of oral everolimus (RAD001) and bevacizumab compared to oral placebo and bevacizumab in patients with persistent or recurrent ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the nature and degree of toxicity of oral everolimus (or placebo) plus bevacizumab.

II. To characterize and compare progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with measurable disease (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] criteria) and patients with detectable (non-measurable) disease.

III. To estimate the proportion of patients with measurable disease who have objective tumor responses by treatment.

IV. To provide descriptive information about cancer antigen (CA)-125 responses by regimen and where possible by objective tumor responses.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive bevacizumab intravenously (IV) over 30-90 minutes on days 1 and 15 and everolimus orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28.

ARM II: Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm I and placebo PO QD on days 1-28.

In both arms, courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized, Double-Blinded Evaluation of Oral Everolimus (RAD001) Plus Bevacizumab vs. Oral Placebo Plus Bevacizumab in the Treatment of Recurrent or Persistent Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube or Primary Peritoneal Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : December 27, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 23, 2015


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (bevacizumab and everolimus)
Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days 1 and 15 and everolimus PO QD on days 1-28.
Biological: Bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-VEGF
  • Anti-VEGF Humanized Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-VEGF rhuMAb
  • Avastin
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar BEVZ92
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar BI 695502
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar CBT 124
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar FKB238
  • BEVACIZUMAB, LICENSE HOLDER UNSPECIFIED
  • Immunoglobulin G1 (Human-Mouse Monoclonal rhuMab-VEGF Gamma-Chain Anti-Human Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor), Disulfide With Human-Mouse Monoclonal rhuMab-VEGF Light Chain, Dimer
  • Recombinant Humanized Anti-VEGF Monoclonal Antibody
  • rhuMab-VEGF

Drug: Everolimus
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 42-O-(2-Hydroxy)ethyl Rapamycin
  • Afinitor
  • Certican
  • RAD 001
  • RAD001
  • Votubia
  • Zortress

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Experimental: Arm II (bevacizumab and placebo)
Patients receive bevacizumab as in Arm I and placebo PO QD on days 1-28.
Biological: Bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-VEGF
  • Anti-VEGF Humanized Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-VEGF rhuMAb
  • Avastin
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar BEVZ92
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar BI 695502
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar CBT 124
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar FKB238
  • BEVACIZUMAB, LICENSE HOLDER UNSPECIFIED
  • Immunoglobulin G1 (Human-Mouse Monoclonal rhuMab-VEGF Gamma-Chain Anti-Human Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor), Disulfide With Human-Mouse Monoclonal rhuMab-VEGF Light Chain, Dimer
  • Recombinant Humanized Anti-VEGF Monoclonal Antibody
  • rhuMab-VEGF

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Placebo
Given PO
Other Names:
  • placebo therapy
  • PLCB
  • sham therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression, assessed up to 5 years ]
    The time from randomization until disease progression, death, or date of last contact. Endpoints are progression or death. Patients who are not observed with an endpoint are censored. Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0) as an 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Adverse Events as Assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0) [ Time Frame: All Adverse Events (AEs) occurring during treatment and up to 30 days after stopping the study treatment are reported. Also reported are Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) considered to be treatment related for up to 5 years after stopping study treatment ]
    Number of participants with a grade of 3 or higher during the treatment period.

  2. Characterize and Compare Progression-free Survival and Overall Survival in Patients With Measurable Disease (RECIST Criteria) and Patients With Detectable (Non-measurable) Disease [ Time Frame: Continued until disease progression was assessed or up to 5 years in follow-up. ]
    Progression-free survival and overall survival broken down by measurable disease status

  3. The Proportion of Patients With Measurable Disease Who Have Objective Tumor Responses by Treatment. [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Complete and Partial Tumor Response by RECIST 1.0

  4. Percentage of Participants With at Least One Cancer Antigen 125 (CA-125) Response [ Time Frame: Prior to each cycle of treatment. Then follow-up every three months for 2 years , then 6 months for 3 years for 5 years follow up. ]
    Response as evaluated by CA-125 levels.A CA 125 test measures the amount of the protein CA 125 (cancer antigen 125) in blood.CA 125 is a tumor marker recommended for clinical use in the diagnosis and management of ovarian cancer. CA-125 responses were assessed with Rustin criteria. Initial values had to be 2x ULN (upper limit of normal) within 2 weeks of starting therapy to be considered evaluable.Patient were evaluated by using best overall response while receiving study therapy.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have recurrent or persistent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal carcinoma; histologic documentation of the original primary tumor is required via the pathology report
  • Patients must have measurable disease or detectable (non-measurable) disease:

    • Measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest dimension to be recorded); each lesion must be greater than or equal to 10 mm when measured by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or caliper measurement by clinical exam; or greater than or equal to 20 mm when measured by chest x-ray; lymph nodes must be greater than or equal to 15 mm in short axis when measured by CT or MRI
    • Detectable disease in a patient is defined as one who does not have measurable disease but has at least one of the following conditions:

      • Baseline values of CA-125 at least 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
      • Ascites and/or pleural effusion attributed to tumor
      • Solid and/or cystic abnormalities on radiographic imaging that do not meet RECIST 1.1 definitions for target lesions
  • Patients in the measurable disease cohort must have at least one ?target lesion? to be used to assess response on this protocol as defined by RECIST 1.1; tumors within a previously irradiated field will be designated as ?non-target? lesions unless progression is documented or a biopsy is obtained to confirm persistence at least 90 days following completion of radiation therapy
  • Patients must not be eligible for a higher priority Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) protocol, if one exists; in general, this would refer to any active GOG phase III protocol or Rare Tumor Protocol for the same patient population
  • Patients who have had one prior treatment must have a GOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2; patients who have had two or three prior treatments must have a GOG performance status of 0 or 1
  • Patients should be free of active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics (with the exception of uncomplicated urinary tract infection [UTI])
  • Recovery from effects of recent surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy

    • Any hormonal therapy directed at the malignant tumor must be discontinued at least one week prior to registration
    • Any other prior therapy directed at the malignant tumor, including biological and immunologic agents, must be discontinued at least 3 weeks prior to registration (including small molecules and murine monoclonal antibodies); chimeric or human or humanized monoclonal antibodies (including bevacizumab) or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor fusion protein (including VEGF Trap, aflibercept) must be discontinued for at least 12 weeks prior to registration; no investigational therapy within 30 days prior to the first date of study treatment
  • Prior therapy:

    • Patients must have had one prior platinum-based chemotherapeutic regimen for management of primary disease containing carboplatin, cisplatin, or another organoplatinum compound' this initial treatment may have included intraperitoneal therapy, consolidation, non-cytotoxic agents or extended therapy administered after surgical or non-surgical assessment
    • Patients are allowed to receive, but are not required to receive, two additional cytotoxic regimens for management of recurrent or persistent disease, with no more than 1 non-platinum, non-taxane regimen
    • Patients are allowed to receive, but are not required to receive, biologic (non-cytotoxic) therapy as part of their primary treatment regimen; patients must have NOT received any non-cytotoxic therapy for management of recurrent or persistent disease
    • Patients who have received only one prior cytotoxic regimen (platinum-based regimen for management of primary disease), must have a platinum-free interval of less than 12 months, or have progressed during platinum-based therapy, or have persistent disease after a platinum-based therapy
    • For the purposes of this study, poly (adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors will be considered ?cytotoxic,? and prior treatment with PARP inhibitors for primary or recurrent disease WILL be allowed (either alone or in combination with chemotherapy)
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1,500/mcl
  • Platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/mcl
  • Creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x institutional upper limit normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) less than or equal to 3 x ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase less than or equal to 2.5 x ULN
  • Prothrombin time (PT) such that international normalized ratio (INR) is less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN (or an in-range INR, usually between 2 and 3, if a patient is on a stable dose of therapeutic warfarin for management of deep vein thrombosis including pulmonary embolism)
  • Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) less than or equal to 1.5 times the upper limit of normal
  • Fasting serum cholesterol less than or equal to 300 mg/dL OR less than or equal to 7.75 mmol/L AND
  • Fasting triglycerides less than or equal to 300 mg/dL or 3.42 mmol/L
  • Urine protein creatinine (UPC) ratio must be < 1.0 gm; if UPC ratio >= 1, collection of 24-hour urine measurement of urine protein is recommended; UPC ratio of spot urine is an estimation of the 24-hour urine protein excretion?a UPC ratio of 1 is roughly equivalent to a 24-hour urine protein of 1 gm
  • Patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to the study entry and be practicing an effective form of contraception
  • Patients must have signed an approved informed consent and authorization permitting the release of personal health information
  • Patients must meet pre-entry requirements
  • Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular disease; this includes:

    • Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as systolic > 150 mm Hg or diastolic > 90 mm Hg
    • Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to registration
    • New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II or greater congestive heart failure
    • Serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication; this does not include asymptomatic, atrial fibrillation with controlled ventricular rate
    • Patients who have received prior treatment with an anthracycline (including doxorubicin and or liposomal doxorubicin) and have an ejection fraction < 50%
    • Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 2 or greater peripheral vascular disease (at least brief [< 24 hours (hrs)] episodes of ischemia managed non-surgically and without permanent deficit)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have received prior everolimus or any other mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor
  • Patients with other invasive malignancies, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer and other specific malignancies, are excluded if there is any evidence of other malignancy being present within the last three years; patients are also excluded if their previous cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol therapy
  • Patients who have received prior radiotherapy to any portion of the abdominal cavity or pelvis OTHER THAN for the treatment of ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer within the last three years are excluded; prior radiation for localized cancer of the breast, head and neck, or skin is permitted, provided that it was completed more than three years prior to registration, and the patient remains free of recurrent or metastatic disease
  • Patients who have received prior chemotherapy for any abdominal or pelvic tumor OTHER THAN for the treatment of ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer within the last three years are excluded; patients may have received prior adjuvant chemotherapy for localized breast cancer, provided that it was completed more than three years prior to registration, and the patient remains free of recurrent or metastatic disease
  • Patients with serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture; this includes history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal abscess within 28 days prior to the first date of study treatment
  • Patients with active bleeding or pathologic conditions that carry high risk of bleeding, such as known bleeding disorder, coagulopathy, or tumor involving major vessels
  • Patients with history or evidence upon physical examination of central nervous system (CNS) disease, including primary brain tumor, seizures not controlled with standard medical therapy, any brain metastases, or history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA, stroke), transient ischemic attack (TIA) or subarachnoid hemorrhage within six months prior to the first date of study treatment
  • Known hypersensitivity to murine or chimeric antibodies
  • Major surgery within 28 days prior to the first date of study treatment
  • Patients with clinical symptoms or signs of gastrointestinal obstruction and patients who require parenteral hydration and/or nutrition
  • Patients with medical history or conditions not otherwise previously specified which in the opinion of the investigator should exclude participation in this study; the investigator can consult the Study Chair or Study Co-Chairs for uncertainty in this regard
  • Patients who are pregnant or nursing
  • Patients with active hepatitis B or C

    • Laboratory confirmation to exclude hepatitis B and C is required in any patient considered at high risk for hepatitis B or C; risk factors can include:

      • You currently live in (or have lived in) Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Eastern Europe, Spain, Portugal, and Greece
      • Known or suspected past hepatitis B infection
      • Known or suspected past hepatitis C infection (including past interferon ?curative? treatment)
      • Blood transfusion(s) prior to 1990
      • Current or prior IV drug use
      • Current or prior dialysis
      • Household contact with hepatitis B or hepatitis C infected person(s)
      • Current or prior high-risk sexual activity
      • Body piercing or tattoos
      • Mother known to have hepatitis B
      • History suggestive of hepatitis B infection, e.g., dark urine, jaundice, right upper quadrant pain

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00886691


  Show 45 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gynecologic Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: William Tew NRG Oncology

Responsible Party: Gynecologic Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00886691     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GOG-0186G
NCI-2011-01914 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CDR0000640439
GOG-0186G ( Other Identifier: NRG Oncology )
GOG-0186G ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180868 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10CA027469 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 23, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 2, 2018
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Ovarian Neoplasms
Fallopian Tube Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Fallopian Tube Diseases
Bevacizumab
Everolimus
Sirolimus
Endothelial Growth Factors
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunoglobulin G
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents