A Study of Tarceva (Erlotinib) or Placebo in Combination With Platinum-Based Therapy as First Line Treatment in Patients With Advanced or Recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00883779
First received: April 15, 2009
Last updated: November 10, 2015
Last verified: November 2015
  Purpose
This 2 arm study will compare the efficacy and safety of sequential treatment with Tarceva or placebo, plus platinum-based therapy, as first line treatment in patients with advanced or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer. Patients will be randomized to receive gemcitabine (1250mg/m2 iv) on days 1 and 8, and cisplatin (75mg/m2) or carboplatin (5xAUC)on day 1, followed by Tarceva 150mg/day or placebo from day 15 to day 28 of each 4 week cycle for a total of 6 cycles,then followed by Tarceva or placebo monotherapy.The anticipated time on study treatment is until disease progression, and the target sample size is 100-500 individuals.

Condition Intervention Phase
Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Platinum chemotherapy (cisplatin or carboplatin)
Drug: erlotinib [Tarceva]
Drug: gemcitabine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind Phase III Study of the Effect of First-line Treatment With Intercalated Tarceva Versus Placebo in Combination With Gemcitabine/Platinum on Progression-free Survival in Patients With Stage IIIB/IV Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hoffmann-La Roche:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Median Progression Free Survival (PFS) Time [ Time Frame: Randomization until PD or death (assessed at baseline and every 8 weeks thereafter until PD, death or end of study [up to approximately 1.5 years]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tumor response was evaluated according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) (version 1.0). PD was defined as at least a 20 percent (%) increase in the sum of longest diameter (LD) of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of 1 or more new lesions. PFS is the time (in months) between the date of randomization and the date of first documented disease progression or death from any cause, whichever comes first. Participants who had neither progressed nor died at the time of data cut-off or who were lost to follow-up were censored at the date of the last tumor assessment where non-progression was documented or last date of follow up for progression of disease, whichever was last. Participants without post baseline tumor assessments who were known to be alive were censored at the time of randomization. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Alive and Free From Disease Progression [ Time Frame: Randomization until PD or death (assessed at baseline and every 8 weeks thereafter until PD, death or end of study [up to approximately 1.5 years]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tumor response was evaluated according to RECIST (version 1.0). PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of LD of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of 1 or more new lesions.

  • Median PFS Time Based on Different Subgroups [ Time Frame: Randomization until PD or death (assessed at baseline and every 8 weeks thereafter until PD, death or end of study [up to approximately 1.5 years]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tumor response was evaluated according to RECIST (version 1.0). PD was defined in outcome measure 1. PFS is the time (in months) between the date of randomization and the date of first documented disease progression or death from any cause, whichever comes first. Participants who had neither progressed nor died at the time of data cut-off or who were lost to follow-up were censored at the date of the last tumor assessment where non-progression was documented or last date of follow up for progression of disease, whichever was last. Participants without post baseline tumor assessments who were known to be alive were censored at the time of randomization. PFS among different subgroups of type of carcinoma, smoking habit, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation type, KRAS mutation type, EGFR immunohistochemistry (IHC) test result type, and EGFR fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) result type.

  • Median Overall Survival (OS) Time-Overall and Among Different Subgroups [ Time Frame: Randomization until death (assessed at baseline and every 8 weeks thereafter until death or end of study [up to approximately 5.5 years]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OS was defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death from any cause. Participants for whom no death was captured on the clinical database were censored at the most recent date they were known to be alive. Participants with no post baseline information were censored at the time of randomization. OS among different subgroups of type of carcinoma, smoking habit, EGFR mutation type, KRAS mutation type, EGFR IHC test result type, and EGFR FISH result type. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Percentage of Participants Alive at the End of Study-Overall and Among Different Subgroups [ Time Frame: Randomization until death (assessed at baseline and every 8 weeks thereafter until death or end of study [up to approximately 5.5 years]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Non-Progression Rate: Percentage of Participants With a Confirmed Best Overall Response of Either Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) or Stable Disease (SD) for At Least 16 Weeks [ Time Frame: Randomization until PD or death (assessed at baseline and every 8 weeks thereafter until PD, death or end of study [up to approximately 1.5 years]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tumor response was evaluated according to RECIST (version 1.0). CR is defined as the disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level; PR is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the screening sum LD; SD for target lesions is defined as neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum LD since the treatment started and SD for non-target lesions defined as persistence of 1 or more non-target lesion(s) or/and maintenance of tumor marker level above the normal limits. Responses were confirmed with repeated assessment 4 weeks after initial response was observed.

  • Objective Response Rate: Percentage of Participants With a Confirmed Best Overall Response of CR or PR [ Time Frame: Randomization until PD or death (assessed at baseline and every 8 weeks thereafter until PD, death or end of study [up to approximately 1.5 years]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tumor response was evaluated according to RECIST (version 1.0). CR is defined as the disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level; PR is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the screening sum LD. Responses were confirmed with repeated assessment 4 weeks after initial response was observed.

  • Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Randomization until PD or death (assessed at baseline and every 8 weeks thereafter until PD, death or end of study [up to approximately 1.5 years]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Duration of response is defined as the time between the date of first documented response (CR or PR, as determined by the RECIST criteria) and the date of first documented PD or death. Participants who did not progress or die after they had a confirmed response (CR or PR) were censored at the date of their last tumor assessment where non-progression was documented or last date of follow-up for progression of disease, whichever was last. CR and PR are defined in Outcome Measure 7.

  • Time to Progression [ Time Frame: Randomization until PD (assessed at baseline and every 8 weeks thereafter until PD or end of study [up to approximately 1.5 years]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to progression is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of the first documented disease progression. Participants who have not progressed at the time of study completion (or data cut off) or who were lost to follow up were censored at the date of the last tumor assessment where non-progression was documented or last date of follow-up for progression of disease, whichever was latest. PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of LD of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of 1 or more new lesions. Participants with no post baseline tumor assessments were censored at the time of randomization. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Percentage of Participants With Symptomatic Progression Assessed Using the Lung Cancer Subscale (LCS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Cycles 3 and 5, Day 1 of post-study Visits 1 and 2 until end of study medication administration or PD (up to approximately 1.5 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    LCS scores were obtained from a 7-item questionnaire from the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Lung (FACT-L) (version 4.0). Participants responded to questions such as shortness of breath, cough, tightness in chest, breathing difficulty, appetite loss, weight loss and unclear thinking; on a 5-point scale from 0-4, where 0 equaled (=) "not at all" and 4 = "very much." The participants' responses were summed to result in an overall score, scores range on a scale of 0 (most symptomatic) to 28 (asymptomatic); higher score indicates fewer symptoms. A clinically meaningful decline used to determine symptomatic progression in this study was at least a three point decline in LCS score from baseline. Participants without symptomatic progression at the time of analysis were censored at the time of the last FACT-L assessment.

  • Time to Symptomatic Progression [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Cycles 3 and 5, Day 1 of post-study Visits 1 and 2 until end of study medication administration or PD (up to approximately 1.5 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to symptomatic progression was the time from randomization until the earlier of a clinically meaningful decline from baseline in LCS score, or death on study. LCS scores were obtained from a 7-item questionnaire from the FACT-L (version 4.0). Participants responded to questions such as shortness of breath, cough, tightness in chest, breathing difficulty, appetite loss, weight loss and unclear thinking; on a 5-point scale from 0-4, where 0 = "not at all" and 4 = "very much." The participants' responses were summed to result in an overall score, scores range on a scale of 0 (most symptomatic) to 28 (asymptomatic); higher score indicates fewer symptoms. A clinically meaningful decline used to determine symptomatic progression in this study was at least a three point decline in LCS score from baseline. Participants without symptomatic progression at the time of analysis were censored at the time of the last FACT-L assessment. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Percentage of Participants With Deterioration in Trial Outcome Index (TOI) Using FACT-L Version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Cycles 3 and 5, Day 1 of post-study Visits 1 and 2 until end of study medication administration or PD (up to approximately 1.5 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    TOI was defined as the sum of the scores of the Physical Well-Being (PWB), Functional Well-Being (FWB), and LCS. PWB, FWB, and LCS scores were obtained from 7-item questionnaires from the FACT-L (Version 4.0). Participants responded to questions on a 5-point scale from 0-4, where 0 = "not at all" and 4 = "very much." The participants' responses were summed to result in an overall score, scores range on a scale of 0 to 84; higher score indicates better physical aspects of quality of life (QoL). A clinically meaningful decline used to determine deterioration in TOI was greater than or equal to (≥) 6-point decline from baseline. Participants without deterioration in TOI at the time of analysis were censored at the time of the last FACT-L assessment.

  • Time to Deterioration in TOI Using FACT-L Version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Cycles 3 and 5, Day 1 of post-study Visits 1 and 2 until end of study medication administration or PD (up to approximately 1.5 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to deterioration in TOI is defined as time from randomization until the earlier of a clinically meaningful decline from baseline in TOI or death on study. TOI is defined as the sum of the scores of the PWB, FWB, and LCS. PWB, FWB, and LCS scores were obtained from 7-item questionnaires from the FACT-L (Version 4.0). Participants responded to questions on a 5-point scale from 0-4, where 0 = "not at all" and 4 = "very much." The participants' responses were summed to result in an overall score, scores range on a scale of 0 to 84; higher score indicates better physical aspects of QoL. A clinically meaningful decline used to determine deterioration in TOI was ≥6-point decline from baseline. Participants without deterioration in TOI at the time of analysis were censored at the time of the last FACT-L assessment. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Percentage of Participants With Deterioration in Quality of Life (QOL) Using FACT-L Version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Cycles 3 and 5, Day 1 of post-study Visits 1 and 2 until end of study medication administration or PD (up to approximately 1.5 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Total FACT-L score was defined as the sum of the TOI, Social Well Being (SWB) and EWB of the FACT-L questionnaires. TOI (PWB + FWB + LCS), SWB and EWB scores were obtained from 7-item (6-item in the case of EWB) questionnaires from the FACT-L (Version 4.0). Participants responded to questions on a 5-point scale from 0-4, where 0 = "not at all" and 4 = "very much." The participants' responses were summed to result in an overall score, scores range on a scale of 0 to 136; higher score indicates better QoL. A clinically meaningful decline used to determine deterioration in QoL was ≥6-point decline from baseline. Participants without deterioration in QoL at the time of analysis were censored at the time of the last FACT-L assessment.

  • Time to Deterioration in QOL Using FACT-L Version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Cycles 3 and 5, Day 1 of post-study Visits 1 and 2 until end of study medication administration or PD (up to approximately 1.5 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to deterioration in QoL is defined as time from randomization until the earlier of a clinically meaningful decline from baseline in Total FACT-L or death on study. Total FACT-L score was defined as the sum of the TOI, SWB and EWB of the FACT-L questionnaires. TOI (PWB + FWB + LCS), SWB and EWB scores were obtained from 7-item (6-item in the case of EWB) questionnaires from the FACT-L (Version 4.0). Participants responded to questions on a 5-point scale from 0-4, where 0 = "not at all" and 4 = "very much." The participants' responses were summed to result in an overall score, scores range on a scale of 0 to 136; higher score indicates better QoL. A clinically meaningful decline used to determine deterioration in QoL was ≥6-point decline from baseline. Participants without deterioration in QoL at the time of analysis were censored at the time of the last FACT-L assessment. Analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Median Follow-up Time During the Study [ Time Frame: Randomization until PD or death (assessed at baseline and every 8 weeks thereafter until PD, death or end of study [up to approximately 5.5 years]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Median follow-up was calculated using 'Reverse Kaplan-Meier' analysis for Overall survival.


Enrollment: 451
Study Start Date: April 2009
Study Completion Date: December 2014
Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Drug: Platinum chemotherapy (cisplatin or carboplatin)
cisplatin --75mg/m2 oon day 1 of each 4 week cycle for 6 cycles or carboplatin--5xAUC on day 1 of each 4 week cycle for 6 cycles
Drug: erlotinib [Tarceva]
150mg po on days 15-28 of each 4 week cycle until disease progression
Drug: gemcitabine
1250mg/m2 iv on days 1 and 8 of each 4 week cycle for 6 cycles
Placebo Comparator: 2 Drug: Placebo
po on days 15-28 of each 4 week cycle until disease progression
Drug: Platinum chemotherapy (cisplatin or carboplatin)
cisplatin --75mg/m2 oon day 1 of each 4 week cycle for 6 cycles or carboplatin--5xAUC on day 1 of each 4 week cycle for 6 cycles
Drug: gemcitabine
1250mg/m2 iv on days 1 and 8 of each 4 week cycle for 6 cycles

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • adult patients, >=18 years of age;
  • advanced (stage IIIB/IV)non-small cell lung cancer;
  • measurable disease;
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0 or 1.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • prior exposure to agents directed at the HER axis;
  • prior chemotherapy or systemic anti-tumor therapy after advanced disease;
  • unstable systemic disease;
  • any other malignancy within last 5 years, except cured basal cell cancer of skin or cured cancer in situ of cervix;
  • brain metastasis or spinal cord compression.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00883779

Locations
China
Beijing, China, 100021
Beijing, China, 100142
Beijing, China, 101149
Guangzhou, China, 510060
Guangzhou, China
Hangzhou, China
Nanjing, China, 210029
Shanghai, China, 200030
Shanghai, China, 200433
Hong Kong
Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 852
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Shatin, Hong Kong
Indonesia
Jakarta, Indonesia, 13230
Jogjakarta, Indonesia, 55284
Surabaya, Indonesia, 60286
Korea, Republic of
Gyeonggi-do, Korea, Republic of, 410-769
Philippines
Manila, Philippines, 1000
Pasig City, Philippines, 1605
Quezon City, Philippines, 1104
Taiwan
Taichung, Taiwan, 407
Taipei, Taiwan, 100
Taipei, Taiwan, 116
Taipei, Taiwan
Thailand
Bangkok, Thailand, 10400
Bangkok, Thailand, 10700
Chiang Mai, Thailand, 50200
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00883779     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MO22201 
Study First Received: April 15, 2009
Results First Received: November 10, 2015
Last Updated: November 10, 2015
Health Authority: Hong Kong: Department of Health

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Gemcitabine
Cisplatin
Carboplatin
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2016