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Trial record 76 of 170 for:    "Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia" | "Etoposide"

Clofarabine, Etoposide, and Mitoxantrone for Relapsed and Refractory Acute Leukemias

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00882076
Recruitment Status : Terminated (study closed prematurely)
First Posted : April 16, 2009
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David F. Claxton, MD, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to establish toxicity and a maximum tolerated dose recommended phase 2 dose of Clofarabine in combination with Etoposide and Mitoxantrone for therapy of relapsed or refractory acute leukemias. The investigators will observe responses with these therapy agents and assess the impact of Clofarabine interacting with Etoposide in induction of DNA strand breaks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Drug: Clofarabine Drug: Mitoxantrone Drug: Etoposide Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This will be a phase I study with a standard 3x3 design. Patients will proceed to treatment through a series of cohorts with the three drugs being delivered over five days beginning with a dose of Etoposide 100 mg/m2 on days 1-5,Mitoxantrone 8 mg/m2 days 1-3, and clofarabine at 20 mg/m2 IV on days 2-6. Presuming this and subsequent cohorts are tolerable and no more than 1 patient per cohort develops DLT, MTD patients will be treated in cohorts of 3-6 patients up to a final dose level of Etoposide 100 mg/m2 on days 1-5,Mitoxantrone 8 mg/m2 days 1-5, and Clofarabine at 30 mg/m2 IV on days 2-6. Patients failing to enter remission may receive 4 days of therapy with Etoposide 100 mg/m2 on days 1-4,Mitoxantrone 8 mg/m2 days 1-2 or 1-4,and Clofarabine at 20-30 mg/m2 IV on days 1-4. According to established definitions for dose limiting toxicity a recommended phase II dose will be established. After this is established the final cohort will be expanded to 15 patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clofarabine, Etoposide, and Mitoxantrone for Relapsed and Refractory Acute Leukemias
Study Start Date : March 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2011


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment Cohort 1
Etoposide (Days 1-5) 100 mg/m2; Mitoxantrone (Days 1-3) 8 mg/m2 (3 doses); Clofarabine (Days 2-6) 20 mg/m2
Drug: Clofarabine
For Treatment Clofarabine will be administered on Days 2-6 at the dose of 20mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 25mg/m2 in Cohort 2 and 30mg/m2 in Cohort 3 and 4 and 10mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Clofarabine will be administered on Days 1-4 at the dose of 20mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 25mg/m2 in Cohort 2 and 30mg/m2 in Cohort 3 and 4 and 10mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Clolar

Drug: Mitoxantrone
For Treatment Mitoxantrone will be administered on Days 1-3 at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3 and on Days 1-5 for Cohort 4 and on Days 1-3 8mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Mitoxantrone will be administered on Days 1-2 (2 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2 and 3 and on Days 1-4 (4 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 4, and on Days 1-2 (2 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Mitoxantrone hydrochloride

Drug: Etoposide
For Treatment Etoposide will be administered on Days 1-5 at the dose of 100mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3, 4 and Cohort 0 (in the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Etoposide will be administered on Days 1-4 at the dose of 100mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3, 4 and Cohort 0 (in the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Etoposide Phosphate

Experimental: Treatment Cohort 2
Etoposide (Days 1-5) 100 mg/m2; Mitoxantrone (Days 1-3) 8 mg/m2; Clofarabine (Days 2-6) 25 mg/m2
Drug: Clofarabine
For Treatment Clofarabine will be administered on Days 2-6 at the dose of 20mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 25mg/m2 in Cohort 2 and 30mg/m2 in Cohort 3 and 4 and 10mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Clofarabine will be administered on Days 1-4 at the dose of 20mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 25mg/m2 in Cohort 2 and 30mg/m2 in Cohort 3 and 4 and 10mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Clolar

Drug: Mitoxantrone
For Treatment Mitoxantrone will be administered on Days 1-3 at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3 and on Days 1-5 for Cohort 4 and on Days 1-3 8mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Mitoxantrone will be administered on Days 1-2 (2 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2 and 3 and on Days 1-4 (4 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 4, and on Days 1-2 (2 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Mitoxantrone hydrochloride

Drug: Etoposide
For Treatment Etoposide will be administered on Days 1-5 at the dose of 100mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3, 4 and Cohort 0 (in the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Etoposide will be administered on Days 1-4 at the dose of 100mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3, 4 and Cohort 0 (in the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Etoposide Phosphate

Experimental: Treatment Cohort 3
Etoposide (Days 1-5) 100 mg/m2; Mitoxantrone (Days 1-3) 8 mg/m2; Clofarabine (Days 2-6) 30 mg/m2
Drug: Clofarabine
For Treatment Clofarabine will be administered on Days 2-6 at the dose of 20mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 25mg/m2 in Cohort 2 and 30mg/m2 in Cohort 3 and 4 and 10mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Clofarabine will be administered on Days 1-4 at the dose of 20mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 25mg/m2 in Cohort 2 and 30mg/m2 in Cohort 3 and 4 and 10mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Clolar

Drug: Mitoxantrone
For Treatment Mitoxantrone will be administered on Days 1-3 at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3 and on Days 1-5 for Cohort 4 and on Days 1-3 8mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Mitoxantrone will be administered on Days 1-2 (2 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2 and 3 and on Days 1-4 (4 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 4, and on Days 1-2 (2 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Mitoxantrone hydrochloride

Drug: Etoposide
For Treatment Etoposide will be administered on Days 1-5 at the dose of 100mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3, 4 and Cohort 0 (in the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Etoposide will be administered on Days 1-4 at the dose of 100mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3, 4 and Cohort 0 (in the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Etoposide Phosphate

Experimental: Treatment Cohort 4
Etoposide (Days 1-5) 100 mg/m2; Mitoxantrone (Days 1-5) 8 mg/m2; Clofarabine (Days 2-6) 30 mg/m2
Drug: Clofarabine
For Treatment Clofarabine will be administered on Days 2-6 at the dose of 20mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 25mg/m2 in Cohort 2 and 30mg/m2 in Cohort 3 and 4 and 10mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Clofarabine will be administered on Days 1-4 at the dose of 20mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 25mg/m2 in Cohort 2 and 30mg/m2 in Cohort 3 and 4 and 10mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Clolar

Drug: Mitoxantrone
For Treatment Mitoxantrone will be administered on Days 1-3 at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3 and on Days 1-5 for Cohort 4 and on Days 1-3 8mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Mitoxantrone will be administered on Days 1-2 (2 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2 and 3 and on Days 1-4 (4 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 4, and on Days 1-2 (2 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Mitoxantrone hydrochloride

Drug: Etoposide
For Treatment Etoposide will be administered on Days 1-5 at the dose of 100mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3, 4 and Cohort 0 (in the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Etoposide will be administered on Days 1-4 at the dose of 100mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3, 4 and Cohort 0 (in the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Etoposide Phosphate

Experimental: Treatment Cohort 0
Etoposide (Days 1-5) 100 mg/m2; Mitoxantrone (Days 1-3) 8 mg/m2; Clofarabine (Days 2-6) 10 mg/m2 (In the event of a DLT in Treatment Cohort 1)
Drug: Clofarabine
For Treatment Clofarabine will be administered on Days 2-6 at the dose of 20mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 25mg/m2 in Cohort 2 and 30mg/m2 in Cohort 3 and 4 and 10mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Clofarabine will be administered on Days 1-4 at the dose of 20mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 25mg/m2 in Cohort 2 and 30mg/m2 in Cohort 3 and 4 and 10mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Clolar

Drug: Mitoxantrone
For Treatment Mitoxantrone will be administered on Days 1-3 at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3 and on Days 1-5 for Cohort 4 and on Days 1-3 8mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Mitoxantrone will be administered on Days 1-2 (2 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2 and 3 and on Days 1-4 (4 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 4, and on Days 1-2 (2 doses) at the dose of 8mg/m2 in Cohort 0 (In the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Mitoxantrone hydrochloride

Drug: Etoposide
For Treatment Etoposide will be administered on Days 1-5 at the dose of 100mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3, 4 and Cohort 0 (in the event of excessive DLT in Treatment Cohort 1). For Retreatment Etoposide will be administered on Days 1-4 at the dose of 100mg/m2 in Cohort 1, 2, 3, 4 and Cohort 0 (in the event of excessive DLT in Retreatment Cohort 1).
Other Name: Etoposide Phosphate




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Establish toxicity of Clofarabine in combination with Etoposide and Mitoxantrone for therapy of relapsed or refractory acute leukemias [ Time Frame: Days 30-45 ]
  2. Establish dose limiting toxicity of Clofarabine in combination with Etoposide and Mitoxantrone for therapy of relapsed or refractory acute leukemias [ Time Frame: Days 30-45 ]
  3. Establish maximum tolerated dose recommend Phase 2 dose of Clofarabine in combination with Etoposide and Mitoxantrone for therapy of relapsed or refractory acute leukemias [ Time Frame: Days 30-45 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Observe response of relapsed or refractory acute leukemias to therapy with these agents. [ Time Frame: 30-70 days ]
  2. Assess the impact of Clofarabine interacting with Etoposide and Mitoxantrone in induction of DNA strand breaks [ Time Frame: 30-45 days ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adequate renal and hepatic function.
  • Capable of understanding the investigational nature, potential risks and benefits of the study and able to provide valid informed consent.
  • Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 2 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Male and female patients must use an effective contraceptive method during the study and for a minimum of 6 months after study treatment.
  • LVEF must be ≥ 50% within 2 weeks.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current concomitant chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy other than as specified in the protocol.
  • Use of investigational agents within 30 days or any anticancer therapy within 2 weeks before study entry with the exception of hydroxyurea. The patient must have recovered from all acute toxicities from any previous therapy.
  • Have any other severe concurrent disease, or have a history of serious organ dysfunction or disease involving the heart, kidney, liver or other organ system that may place the patient at undue risk to undergo treatment.
  • Patients with a systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection not controlled.
  • Any significant concurrent disease, illness, or psychiatric disorder that would compromise patient safety or compliance, interfere with consent, study participation, follow-up or interpretation of study results.
  • Have had a diagnosis of another malignancy, unless the patient has been disease free for at least 3 years following the completion of curative intent therapy with the following exceptions: patients with treated non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ carcinoma or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, regardless of the disease-free duration, are eligible for the study if definitive treatment for the condition has been completed. Patients with organ-confined prostate cancer with no evidence of recurrent or progressive disease based on prostate-specific antigen values are also eligible for this study if hormonal therapy has been initiated or a radical prostatectomy has been performed. Additionally, patients with prostate cancer treated with radiation therapy are also eligible for the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00882076


Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033
Sponsors and Collaborators
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: David F. Claxton, MD Penn State College of Medicine

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Responsible Party: David F. Claxton, MD, Professor of Medicine, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00882076     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PSHCI 08-096
First Posted: April 16, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Determine if data is valuable

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by David F. Claxton, MD, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center:
acute lymphoblastic leukemia
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Etoposide
Etoposide phosphate
Leukemia
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Mitoxantrone
Clofarabine
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites