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Autologous Vaccination With Lethally Irradiated, Autologous Breast Cancer Cells Engineered to Secrete GM-CSF in Women With Operable Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00880464
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 13, 2009
Results First Posted : November 9, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 1, 2022
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ana C Garrido-Castro, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this trial is to test the safety of a vaccine made from a patient's own breast cancer cells, and determine if this vaccine will delay or stop the growth of the cancer. The vaccine is made by genetically modifying a patient's own tumor cells to secrete granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) to activate the immune response

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Biological: Autologous, Lethally Irradiated Breast Cancer Cells Phase 1

Detailed Description:
After the patient has given their consent to participate in the trial, a series of tests will be performed to determine if the patient is eligible. These tests may take place up to 21 days before the surgery to remove a tumor sample or cancer-containing fluid, which will be used to create the vaccines. The tumor cells or fluid is then brought to a special, certified laboratory where the vaccine is made. Specially trained laboratory technicians then use a method known as adenoviral mediated gene transfer, which adds a new gene to the cancer cells. This gene causes the cells to make GM-CSF, a powerful hormone that stimulates the immune system. The cells are then given radiation so that they will not grow. Participants will start receiving vaccine on day 1, 8, 15, 29, and then every two weeks until the supply of vaccine has run out. The amount of the vaccine depends upon the total amount of cells that are obtained from the breast cancer tumor or fluid. Each time the patient is vaccinated, they will be given injections that will be placed underneath the skin. A different place will be used for each injection. If there are enough cells from the patient's tumor sample, the patient will be given an injection of non-transduced irradiated cells (the gene was not added) . These cells will help to measure how the patient's immune system is reacting to the tumor cells. This is called Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity (DTH). With vaccine #1 and #5, the patient will also receive a DTH injection. Two to three days after the vaccine and DTH injection, skin biopsies will be taken of both sites. At week 10 in the study treatment, or earlier if necessary, the patient will have a chest, abdomen, and pelvic CT scan to determine if the vaccine therapy has had an effect on their disease. A brain MRI will be performed if there were any abnormalities on the first brain MRI or if new symptoms have developed. Patients may participate in this study until one of the following happens: All vaccine created from the tumor has been given to the patient; the patient's disease worsens; the patient experiences an unacceptable and/or harmful side effect; the patient is unable to follow the study plan; or the patient's doctor feels it is no longer in the best interest of the patient to continue.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib Study of Autologous Vaccination With Lethally Irradiated, Autologous Breast Cancer Cells Engineered by Adenoviral Mediated Gene Transfer to Secrete GM-CSF Following Preoperative Chemotherapy in Women With Operable Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : January 1, 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Vaccine

Vaccinations will be administered on days 1,8,15 and every two weeks thereafter until the supply of vaccine has been exhausted or the patient is removed from study. As indicated in 5.2.5, vaccine cell dosage will be approximately 1x10 7 , 4x10 6 ,

1x10 6 , or 1x10 5 depending on the final cell yield.

Biological: Autologous, Lethally Irradiated Breast Cancer Cells
Vaccination with autologous tumor cells engineered by adenoviral mediated gene transfer to secrete GM-CS

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Minimum Number of Vaccine Doses Created Using Participant Tumor Sample [ Time Frame: 40 Months ]
    Tumor samples were obtained via malignant effusion or a surgically accessible tumor nodule of 2 cm in greatest diameter. Tumor cells were processed to single cell suspension and transduced with adenoviral vector encoding human Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Then, the cells washed extensively and irradiated with 10,000 cGy. Over the next 14 days, sterility cultures were tested for endotoxin and mycoplasma contamination. Individual vaccine cell dose and number varied depending on the final cell yield from vaccine production. For stage II-III patients, the minimal dose was 1 x 10^5 cells and the maximal dose was 4 x 10^6 cells. For metastatic patients, the minimal dose was 1 x 10^5 cells and the maximal dose was 1 x 10^7 cells.

  2. Number of Participants With Grade 3 or Higher Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 58 Months ]
    Number of participants with grade 3 or higher adverse events as assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Follow-up Time by Survival Status [ Time Frame: Up to 14 Years ]
    Participants followed for survival status. Participants who were alive were noted as such as late as December 2020.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed invasive breast cancer, pre-operative stages II-III per AJCC 6th edition, based on baseline evaluation by clinical examination and/or breast imaging
  • Cohort 1: At least 2cm of residual disease in sum of diameters by clinical or radiographic findings following their preoperative chemotherapy
  • Cohort 2: Patients who have not received preoperative chemotherapy must have at least 4cm of disease in the largest diameter by clinical or radiographic findings
  • Prior therapy for Cohort 1 only: Must have completed preoperative (neoadjuvant) chemotherapy with either a standard regimen (containing an anthracycline and/or a taxane) or on a clinical trial
  • HER2 positive tumors must have received at least one prior trastuzumab-based therapy, and may not receive concurrent trastuzumab therapy and vaccination
  • Must initiate hormonal therapy (if indicated), including ovarian suppression, at least 4 weeks prior to initiation of vaccinations
  • Must have completed definitive resection of primary tumor with adequated excision of gross disease. Surgery should have occured more than 28 days but within 12 weeks prior to enrollment
  • May receive concurrent hormonal therapy, such as tamoxifen, ovarian suppression, and aromatase inhibitors
  • Must have had prior banked tumor of sufficient cellular yield for vaccination
  • ECOG Performance Status 0 or 1
  • 18 years of age or older
  • Greater than 4 weeks from immunotherapy, or systemic glucocorticoid therapy
  • Adequate recovery from recent surgery and radiation therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled active infection or illness
  • Other medical or psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit study compliance
  • Pregnancy or nursing mothers
  • Evidence of HIV infection
  • Previous participation in an adenovirus-based trial
  • Concurrent invasive malignancies

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00880464

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United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Brigham and Women's Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Beth Overmoyer, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Ana C Garrido-Castro, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT00880464    
Other Study ID Numbers: 08-216
First Posted: April 13, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 9, 2021
Last Update Posted: April 1, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Ana C Garrido-Castro, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
autologous vaccination
adenoviral mediated gene transfer
Stage IV breast cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases