Trial Comparing Best Supportive Care to Aloe Vera Gel
Radiation therapy (RT) has been a component of breast cancer treatment for almost 100 years. Although initially used for the treatment of chest wall recurrences after mastectomy and for advanced inoperable disease, RT has evolved into a critical component of early therapy for women with an intact breast following lumpectomy and for mastectomized women who are at high risk for local failure. Currently breast cancer patients need a multidisciplinary management including surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, radiotherapy has a significant role in loco regional control of the disease. It is estimated that 87% of these women will develop some degree of radiation-induced dermatitis, varying from mild to brisk erythema or even moist desquamation.
Topical agents, such as corticosteroid creams and other products including Aquaphor (Beirsdorf Inc, Wilton, CT), and trolamine (Biafine; Genmedix Ltd, France), are commonly prescribed at the onset of radiation dermatitis or, in some institutions, at the beginning of radiotherapy.
The aim of this randomized phase III study was to assess the effectiveness of aloe vera cream for the prevention of acute radiation-induced dermatitis of grade 2 or higher during postoperative radiotherapy for breast cancer, compared to best supportive care. The secondary objectives were to assess pain, treatment interruption as a result of skin reactions, and the quantity of life during the treatment.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Phase III Trial Comparing Best Supportive Care to Aloe Vera Gel as a Prophylactic Agent for Radiation Induced Skin Toxicity|
- Acute radiation-induced dermatitis of grade 2 or higher during postoperative radiotherapy for breast cancer.
- quality of life,interruptions of treatment and pain.
|Study Start Date:||March 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Drug: Aloe vera gel
The aloe vera gel which was commercially available, contained water, aloe vera, D-panthenol, triethanolamine, carbomer 934P, hyaluronic acid, potassium sorbate, diazolidinyl urea, methylparaben, and propylparaben.
|No Intervention: 2|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00876642
|Marilia, Sao Paulo\brazil, Brazil, 17501570|