Study Evaluating Safety and Efficacy of Dexmedetomidine (DEX) in Intubated and Mechanically Ventilated Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) Subjects

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hospira, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00875550
First received: March 31, 2009
Last updated: July 23, 2015
Last verified: July 2015
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine (DEX) in intubated and mechanically ventilated pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) subjects. The key study objectives are:

  • To characterize the loading and maintenance dosing of DEX by age group and overall medical condition of pediatric subjects
  • To evaluate the safety and efficacy of loading and maintenance infusions for sedation in initially intubated and mechanically ventilated PICU subjects
  • To explore the exposure-response relationship between dose of DEX and clinical measures of sedation and safety

Condition Intervention Phase
Sedation
Drug: Dexmedetomidine
Drug: Midazolam
Drug: Fentanyl
Drug: Morphine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized, Double-blind, Dose-Controlled, Multicenter Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Dexmedetomidine in Intubated and Mechanically Ventilated Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hospira, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Subjects That do Not Require Rescue Midazolam (MDZ) for Sedation Based on Achieving and Maintaining a Target University of Michigan Sedation Scale (UMSS) Score of 1 to 3 While Intubated. [ Time Frame: 6 to 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Clinical Score Level of Sedation 0 Awake/Alert

    1. Minimally Sedated: Tired/sleepy, appropriate response to verbal conversation and/or sounds.
    2. Moderately Sedated: Somnolent/sleeping, easily aroused with light tactile stimulation.
    3. Deeply sedated: Deep sleep, arousable only with significant physical stimulation.
    4. Unarousable


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Absolute Time on Study Drug That the Subject is in a UMSS Range of 1 to 3 While Intubated [ Time Frame: 6 to 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Absolute Time on Study Drug That the Subject is Out of the Target Sedation Range (UMSS <1 or >3) While Intubated [ Time Frame: 6 to 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Total Amount of Rescue Medication Required for Sedation and Analgesia While Intubated [ Time Frame: 6 to 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Time to First Dose of Rescue Medication for Sedation and Analgesia [ Time Frame: 6 to 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Time to Successful Extubation [ Time Frame: 6 to 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 175
Study Start Date: January 2010
Study Completion Date: January 2011
Primary Completion Date: January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Dexmedetomidine Low Dose Drug: Dexmedetomidine
Study drug titrated up or down to maintain target UMSS range.
Drug: Midazolam
Rescue medication for sedation according to UMSS scores
Drug: Fentanyl
Rescue medication for pain based on UMSS scores
Drug: Morphine
Rescue medication for pain based on UMSS scores.
Active Comparator: Dexmedetomidine High dose Drug: Dexmedetomidine
Study drug titrated up or down to maintain target UMSS range.
Drug: Midazolam
Rescue medication for sedation according to UMSS scores
Drug: Fentanyl
Rescue medication for pain based on UMSS scores
Drug: Morphine
Rescue medication for pain based on UMSS scores.

Detailed Description:

An estimated 175 subjects will be enrolled at approximately 40 investigative sites. Subjects will be divided into two treatment groups to receive either high dose or low dose Dexmedetomidine (DEX). The loading and maintenance doses in both groups will be stratified according to the presence or absence of cardiopulmonary bypass. The level of sedation will be assessed using the University of Michigan Sedation Scale (UMSS). Score 0 (awake/alert); Score 1 (sleepy/responds appropriately); Score 2 (somnolent/arouses to light stimuli); Score 3 (deep sleep/arouses to deeper); Score 4 (unarousable to stimuli).

Based on these scores and clinical judgment, additional sedation with intravenous midazolam will be administered according to the label. The UMSS scores must be documented before the administration of every midazolam (MDZ) dose and within five minutes after each dose of MDZ. Fentanyl or morphine may be administered to treat pain. Subjects may be extubated after beginning of study drug but are not required to be as part of the study.

The efficacy and safety parameters that will be monitored include sedation levels, heart rate, blood pressure and ventilation indicators. Once subjects have met site-specified respiratory criteria, they will undergo tracheal extubation. The dexmedetomidine infusion may be continued during and after extubation if further sedation is required post-extubation. The continuous infusion of dexmedetomidine must be administered for a minimum of 6 hours and a maximum of 24 hours. Sedation levels, heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, ventilator settings, SpO2 and if available transcutaneous carbon dioxide (TcCO2) and/or arterial blood gases (ABG) will be monitored and recorded in the peri-extubation period.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month to 16 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Initially intubated and mechanically ventilated pediatric subjects (≥1 month [birth age corrected for prematurity] to <17 years of age) in an intensive care setting. The means by which the subject is intubated may include nasotracheal, endotracheal or via tracheotomy. The subject must be mechanically ventilated prior to and during the commencement of study drug.
  2. Anticipated to require a minimum of 6 hours of continuous intravenous sedation.
  3. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification of 1, 2, 3 or 4.
  4. A UMSS score of 1, 2, 3 or 4 at the start of infusion of study drug.
  5. A dose has been established for this subject's age based upon the diagnosis procedures.

    Status post cardiopulmonary bypass (s/p CPB):

    • Low dose group: Loading dose: 0.2 mcg/kg Maintenance dose titration range (0.025-0.5 mcg/kg/hr)
    • High dose group: Loading dose: 0.5 mcg/kg Maintenance dose titration range (0.1-0.7 mcg/kg/hr)

    All other diagnoses:

    • Low dose group: Loading dose: 0.3 mcg/kg Maintenance dose titration range (0.05- 0.5mcg/kg/hr)
    • High dose group: Loading dose: 0.6 mcg/kg Maintenance dose titration range (0.2 - 1.4 mcg/kg/hr)
  6. If female, subject is non-lactating and is either:

    1. Not of childbearing potential, defined as pre-menarche, or surgically sterile due to bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or hysterectomy.
    2. Of childbearing potential but is not pregnant at time of baseline.
  7. Subject's parent(s) or legal guardian(s) has/have voluntarily signed and dated the informed consent document approved by the Institutional Review Board. Assent will be obtained where age-appropriate and according to state regulations.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pediatric subjects with neurological conditions that prohibit an evaluation of sedation in the opinion of the investigator (e.g. increased intracranial pressure or extensive brain surgery).
  2. The infusion pump minimal capacity cannot accommodate the lowest possible maintenance infusion rate of study drug based on subject's weight.
  3. Subjects with second degree or third degree heart block unless subject has a pacemaker or pacing wires.
  4. Hypotension that persist beyond a 15 min of re-assessments prior to starting study drug:

    • Age 1 month to ≤6 months old: systolic blood pressure (SBP) <60 (millimeters of mercury) mmHg
    • Age >6 months to <2 yrs old: SBP <70 mmHg
    • Age >2 to <12 yrs old: SBP <80 mmHg
    • Age >12 to <17 yrs old: SBP <90 mmHg
  5. Pre-existing bradycardia that persists beyond a 15 min period of re-assessment prior to starting study drugs:

    • Age 1 month to <2 months old: HR <90 beats per min (bpm)
    • Age ≥2 months to <12 months old: HR <80 bpm
    • Age ≥12 months to <2 yrs old: HR <70 bpm
    • Age ≥ 2 to <12 yrs old: HR <60 bpm
    • Age ≥ 12 to <17 yrs old: HR <50 bpm
  6. Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT): 1 month -12 months: >165 U/L; >12 months to <17 years: ≥100 U/L.

    Note: Subjects may be rescreened up to 6 hrs prior to study drug infusion (not including subjects undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB).

  7. Subjects who have a known allergy to dexmedetomidine, MDZ, morphine or fentanyl.
  8. Requirement for medications other than DEX, midazolam, morphine or fentanyl for sedation and pain control.
  9. Subjects with immobility form neuromuscular disease, paralysis from administration of neuromuscular blocking agents, spinal cord injury above T5, or subjects with muscle weakness form congenital or systemic medical illness etiologies. Note: subjects who received NMB agents intraoperatively must be, in the Investigator's opinion, free of residual neuromuscular blockade prior to dosing with study drug.
  10. Subjects who have received another investigational drug or device within the past 30 days.
  11. Subjects who have received DEX in a previous investigational trial within the previous 12 weeks.
  12. Subjects who, in the opinion of the investigator, have any other condition where the risks of DEX would be expected to outweigh its benefits (e.g. cardiogenic shock on >2 vasopressors).
  13. Subjects who will require alpha-2 agonists/antagonists listed below within 48 hrs prior to baseline.

Alpha-2 Agonists: Xylazine*, Clonidine (Catapres, Dixarit), Guanfacine (Tenex), Guanabenz (Wytensin), Mivazerol, Guanadrel (Hylorel), Guanethidine (Ismelin) and Methyldopa (Aldomet). * Xylazine is a veterinary product, but has abuse potentIal in humans.

Alpha-2 Antagonists: Corynanthine, Phenoxybenzamine (Dibenzyline), Phentolamine (Regitine, Rogitine), Tolazoline (Priscoline), Yohimbine, Rauwolscine, Idazoxan, Reserpine (Serpasil) and Mirtazapine (Remeron, Remeron Soltab).

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00875550

  Show 37 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospira, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Robert Bilkovski, MD Medical Director, Hospira
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Hospira, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00875550     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DEX-08-05
Study First Received: March 31, 2009
Results First Received: May 30, 2014
Last Updated: July 23, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by Hospira, Inc.:
Intubated and mechanically ventilated PICU subjects

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dexmedetomidine
Adrenergic Agents
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Analgesics
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Central Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 31, 2015