Pilot Study of IFN α2b for Melanoma Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00871533
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : March 30, 2009
Last Update Posted : August 4, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ahmad Tarhini, University of Pittsburgh

Brief Summary:

The presence of malignant cells in lymph nodes is a critical parameter in the staging of melanoma cancer patients. Assessment of lymph nodes is currently done by histopathology alone. The long-term survival of melanoma cancer patients who have Stage IB disease (no known lymph node involvement with a tumor greater than 2 cm) is lower than patients who are Stage IA (no known lymph node involvement with a tumor less than 2 cm). Likewise, the survival rates of patients who are judged to be Stage II based on histologically positive level-one lymph nodes is often no better than that of higher stage patients who have level-two lymph node involvement. These observations suggest that micrometastases are often present in lymph nodes that are not detectable by histological assessment.

The collection of Sentinel Lymph Nodes (SLN) and non SLN material outlined in this proposal will permit both targeted and exploratory studies, without compromising the patient's diagnosis, on specimens that represent central engines of the immune response and whose function in the context of tumor progression is largely unknown.

With the advent of an array of new methodologies that utilize minimum material for both molecular and cellular assessments, acquiring up to 20% and in general the investigators anticipate the use of 5% on average of SLN and/or non SLN tissue for research purposes, may prove to be critical to understanding the impact of nodal tumor involvement on patient outcome and survival.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Drug: IFNα2b Drug: PEG- IFNα2b Early Phase 1

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Pilot Analysis of the Effects of IFN α2b Upon the Molecular Profile of Regional Lymph Nodes in Melanoma Patients With and Without Tumor-Involved Sentinel Lymph Nodes
Study Start Date : September 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
REGIONAL PEG IFN MAINTENANCE: Regional PEG IFN-a2b given subcutaneously at "MAINTENANCE" dose level. (This arm has completed enrollment; non-evaluable subjects as defined in section 9.5 may be replaced at any point during study.
Drug: IFNα2b
IV injection at 20 million IU/m2. IFNα2b IV injection will be performed every day between day -14 and day -9 (5 infusions) and also every day between day -7 and day -2 (5 infusions) for a total of 10 infusions.

Experimental: 2
No intervention / no injection control.
Drug: IFNα2b
SC injections peri-lesionally (PL) in the vicinity of the primary, at 10 million IU/m2. IFNα2b Injection will be performed every other day between day -14 and day -9 (3 injections) and also every other day between day -7 and day -2 (3 injections) for a total of 6 injections.

Experimental: 3
PEG IFN INDUCTION: System PEG IFN-a2b given subcutaneously at "INDUCTION" dose level
Drug: PEG- IFNα2b
SC injection at 6mcg/kg will be performed systemically (at site that is not regional): first injection at day -14, second injection at day -7, for a total of 2 injections.

Experimental: 4
REGIONAL HDI MAINTENANCE: Regional HDI given subcutaneously at "MAINTENANCE" dose level per standard HDI regimen
Drug: PEG- IFNα2b
SC injections peri-lesionally (PL) in the vicinity of the primary at 3ug/kg: first injection at day -14, second injection at day -7, for a total of 2 injections.

No Intervention: 5
HDI Induction: Systemic HDI given intravenously at "INDUCTION" dose level per the standard HDI regimen.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To utilize gene-profiling analysis of regional lymph node tissue to molecularly characterize the effect of IFN α2b and PEG IFNα2b on the SLN. Endpoint: mRNA expression by gene array. [ Time Frame: 5 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Quantitate putative biomarkers differentially expressed in the SLN for each active treatment group and among all active treatment groups combined. Endpoint: mRNA expression by Taqman. [ Time Frame: 5 ]
  2. Molecularly characterize the effect of perilesional IFN α2b and PEG IFNα2b administered as close as possible to the primary tumor site on SLNs that are positive vs. negative for tumor micrometastases. Endpoint: mRNA expression by gene array. [ Time Frame: 5 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Primary melanoma with the following Breslow thickness and stage

    • less than or equal to 2 mm
    • Patients with recent (within 12 wks) biopsy of primary melanoma that has not been widely resected will be eligible for study according to the above-specified criteria for tumor thickness and stage.
  • Age 18 years or older.
  • Patients must have documented hemoglobin level of 10g/dL or higher and normal organ function tests including BUN, Creatinine, and liver enzyme panel to include AST, ALT, and Bilirubin. This can be drawn on the day of consent, or be documented from a previous visit within the past 30 days
  • Negative serum pregnancy test
  • Subjects must have provided written, informed consent prior to any study procedures: collection of blood and LN tissue specimens for this protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Serious illnesses, such as: cardiovascular disease (uncontrolled congestive heart failure, hypertension, cardiac ischemia, myocardial infarction, severe cardiac arrhythmia), bleeding disorders, autoimmune diseases, severe obstructive or restrictive pulmonary diseases, active systemic infections, inflammatory bowel disorders, severe renal disease.
  • Any significant psychiatric disease, medical intervention, or other condition, which in the opinion of the Principal Investigator or Co-Investigators, could prevent adequate informed consent or compromise participation in the clinical trial.
  • Active infection or antibiotics within one-week prior to study.
  • Systemic steroid or other immunosuppressive therapy administered for more than 10 days within 4 weeks of enrollment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00871533

United States, Pennsylvania
UPMC Hillman Cancer Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator: Ahmad Tarhini, MD University of Pittsburgh

Responsible Party: Ahmad Tarhini, MD, University of Pittsburgh Identifier: NCT00871533     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 08-067
First Posted: March 30, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 4, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017

Keywords provided by Ahmad Tarhini, University of Pittsburgh:
Biochemical Marker
Biochemical Markers
Biologic Marker
Biologic Markers
Clinical Marker
Clinical Markers
Immune Marker
Immune Markers
Immunologic Marker
Immunologic Markers
Laboratory Marker
Laboratory Markers
Marker, Biochemical
Marker, Biological
Marker, Clinical
Marker, Immunologic
Marker, Laboratory
Marker, Serum
Marker, Surrogate
Markers, Biochemical
Markers, Biological
Markers, Clinical
Markers, Immunologic
Markers, Laboratory
Markers, Serum
Markers, Surrogate
Markers, Viral
Serum Marker
Serum Markers

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Peginterferon alfa-2b
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs