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Tight Glycemic Control Increases Cardiac Stem Cells During Acute Myocardial Infarction

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00863629
First Posted: March 18, 2009
Last Update Posted: March 18, 2009
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli"
  Purpose

Objectives. The investigators analysed the effects of tight glycemic control in regenerative potential of the myocardium during acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

Background. A strict glycemic control after AMI improves the cardiac outcome. The role of tight glycemic control in regenerative potential of the myocardium during acute myocardial ischemia are still largely unknown.

Methods. Sixty-five patients with first AMI undergoing coronary bypass surgery were studied: 25 normoglycemic patients served as control group; hyperglycemic patients (glucose >140 mg/dl) were randomized to intensive glycemic control (IGC, n=20; glucose goal 80-140 mg/dl) or conventional glycemic control (CGC, n=20; glucose goal180-200 mg/dl) for almost 3 days before surgery, using insulin infusion followed by subcutaneous insulin treatment. Echocardiographic parameters were investigated at admission and after treatment period. During surgery, oxidative stress (nitrotyrosine, O2- production), apoptosis (Caspase-3) and cardiac stem cells (CSCs) (c-kit, MDR1 and Sca-1 positive cells) were analysed in biopsy specimens taken from the peri-infarcted area.


Condition Intervention Phase
Myocardial Infarction Oxidative Stress Glycemic Control Drug: Insulin Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Tight Glycemic Control Increases Cardiac Stem Cells and Reduces Heart Remodeling During Acute Myocardial Infarction in Hyperglycemic Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli":

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • cardiac stem cells during acute myocardial infarction [ Time Frame: 3 days of treatment ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • heart remodeling during acute myocardial infarction [ Time Frame: 3 days of treatment ]

Enrollment: 65
Study Start Date: January 2001
Study Completion Date: January 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: 1
25 normoglycemic patients as control group
Active Comparator: 2
20 hyperglycemic patients (glucose >140 mg/dl) randomized to conventional glycemic control by insulin (CGC group; glucose goal 180-200 mg/dl)
Drug: Insulin
In the CGC group, continuous insulin infusion was started only when blood glucose levels exceeded 200 mg/dl and adjusted to keep blood glucose between 180 and 200 mg/dl. When blood glucose fell <180 mg/dl, insulin infusion was tapered slowed down and eventually stopped. In the IGC group, insulin infusion was started when blood glucose levels exceeded 140 mg/dl and adjusted to maintain glycemia at 80-140 mg/dl. After the start of insulin infusion protocol a glycemic control was provided every hour in order to obtain three consecutive values that were within the goal range. Plasma glucose levels were checked every two hours in both CGC and IGT patients throughout the study period. The infusion lasted until stable glycemic goal (ICG group: 80-140 mg/dl; CGC group: 180-200 mg/dl) at least for 24 h. Subcutaneous insulin was initiated at the cessation of the infusion. Insulin was given as short-acting insulin before meals and intermediate long-acting insulin in the evening, in both group.
Experimental: 3
20 hyperglycemic patients (glucose >140 mg/dl) were randomized to intensive glycemic control by insunin (IGC group; glucose goal 80-140 mg/dl)
Drug: Insulin
In the CGC group, continuous insulin infusion was started only when blood glucose levels exceeded 200 mg/dl and adjusted to keep blood glucose between 180 and 200 mg/dl. When blood glucose fell <180 mg/dl, insulin infusion was tapered slowed down and eventually stopped. In the IGC group, insulin infusion was started when blood glucose levels exceeded 140 mg/dl and adjusted to maintain glycemia at 80-140 mg/dl. After the start of insulin infusion protocol a glycemic control was provided every hour in order to obtain three consecutive values that were within the goal range. Plasma glucose levels were checked every two hours in both CGC and IGT patients throughout the study period. The infusion lasted until stable glycemic goal (ICG group: 80-140 mg/dl; CGC group: 180-200 mg/dl) at least for 24 h. Subcutaneous insulin was initiated at the cessation of the infusion. Insulin was given as short-acting insulin before meals and intermediate long-acting insulin in the evening, in both group.

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  Eligibility

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • evidence of AMI within the last 8 h (troponin-I >2.50 µg/l together with either typical symptoms of angina or electrographic criteria of ST-segment modification)
  • first uncomplicated AMI
  • the need for CABG

Exclusion Criteria:

  • previous AMI
  • inflammatory disorders
  • malignancy
  • renal diseases infections
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00863629


Locations
Italy
Second University of Naples
Naples, Italy, i-80131
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli"
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Raffaele Marfella, MD, PhD University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli"
  More Information

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Raffaele Marfella, MD, PhD, Second University of Naples, Italy
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00863629     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: I-4546789
First Submitted: March 16, 2009
First Posted: March 18, 2009
Last Update Posted: March 18, 2009
Last Verified: March 2009

Keywords provided by University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli":
myocardial infarction
oxidative stress
stem cells
glycemic control

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infarction
Myocardial Infarction
Ischemia
Pathologic Processes
Necrosis
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Insulin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs