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Chemotherapy or Observation in Treating Patients With Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been terminated.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier:
First received: March 17, 2009
Last updated: February 7, 2017
Last verified: February 2017

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vinorelbine, cisplatin, docetaxel, gemcitabine, and pemetrexed disodium, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Sometimes after surgery, the tumor may not need more treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy is more effective than observation in treating patients who have undergone surgery for stage I non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying four chemotherapy regimens to see how well they work compared with observation in treating patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: cisplatin Drug: docetaxel Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Drug: pemetrexed disodium Drug: vinorelbine tartrate Procedure: standard follow-up care Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase III Trial of Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients With Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Associated With Banking of Frozen Tumor Specimens and Collection of Gene Expression Profile Data

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 12 years ]
    Overall survival (OS) is defined as the time between formal registration and death from any cause. The median OS with 95% CI was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

Enrollment: 34
Study Start Date: March 2009
Study Completion Date: November 2012
Primary Completion Date: November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive cisplatin IV on day 1 and vinorelbine ditartrate IV on days 1 and 8 OR docetaxel IV and cytarabine IV on day 1 OR gemcitabine hydrochloride IV on days 1 and 8 and cytarabine IV on day 1 OR pemetrexed disodium IV and cisplatin IV on day 1.. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Drug: docetaxel
Given IV
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Given IV
Drug: pemetrexed disodium
Given IV
Drug: vinorelbine tartrate
Given IV
Experimental: Arm II
Patients receive standard care (observation).
Procedure: standard follow-up care
Standard care

Detailed Description:



  • To determine the potential overall survival benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) randomized to chemotherapy compared to those randomized to the present standard of care (observation).
  • To collect and process high-quality fresh frozen lung cancer tumor tissue for gene expression array generation from multiple institutions.


  • To evaluate selected genomic-based lung cancer prognostic models using data from the patients randomized to observation after resection.
  • To characterize the rate of chemotherapy toxicity for the different chemotherapy treatment regimens.
  • To assess quality of life (QOL) in early stage patients periodically after resection for NSCLC.
  • To examine the impact of chemotherapy on QOL for patients receiving chemotherapy, as compared to patients in the observation arm.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to pathologic stage (I vs II) and ECOG performance status (0 vs 1). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms within 12 weeks after surgery.

All patients undergo complete resection of disease (i.e., lobectomy, sleeve lobectomy, bi-lobectomy, or pneumonectomy, but not segmentectomy or wedge resection).

  • Arm I: Patients receive 1 of 3 chemotherapy regimens. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

    • Regimen 1: Patients receive vinorelbine ditartrate IV over 10 minutes on days 1 and 8 and cisplatin IV over 60 minutes on day 1.
    • Regimen 2: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 60 minutes and cisplatin IV over 60 minutes on day 1.
    • Regimen 3: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and cisplatin IV over 60 minutes on day 1.
    • Regimen 4: Patients receive pemetrexed disodium IV over 10 minutes and cisplatin IV over 60 minutes on day 1.
  • Arm II: Patients receive standard care (observation). Tissue obtained at surgery is examined by RNA microarray analysis. A Lung Metagene Score (LMS) is determined for each patient and correlated with survival and response.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years and then once a year for 7 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer

    • Any variant allowed (e.g., pure or mixed bronchioloalveolar carcinoma or adenosquamous cell carcinoma)
    • Primary tumor must be T1a, T1b, T2a, or T2b by AJCC 7.0
    • No status
  • Tumor measuring ≥ 2.0 cm but ≤ 7.0 cm in diameter by CT scan

    • The mass must have a source document to verify tumor size in the greatest dimension, which includes a CT scan report, a clinic note from the enrolling physician, and/or a printed image with caliper measurements on the lung mass
  • Node-negative disease

    • Evidence of hilar or mediastinal node involvement by chest CT scan (> 1 cm diameter) must be assessed with mediastinoscopy, endo-esophageal ultrasound with biopsy, endo-bronchial ultrasound, bronchoscopy, or mediastinal nodal sampling before or at time of thoracotomy
  • No locally advanced or metastatic disease


  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • Granulocytes ≥ 1,500/μL
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • AST < 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No history of prior or concurrent malignancy, except curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, surgically treated in situ carcinoma of the breast, or other cancer for which the patient has been disease-free for 3 years


  • More than 3 years since prior cytotoxic or anticancer treatment
  • No concurrent treatment with hormones or other chemotherapeutic agents, except steroids given for adrenal failure, hormone administered for nondisease-related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes), or intermittent use of dexamethasone as an antiemetic
  • No concurrent thoracic radiotherapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00863512

  Show 94 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: David H. Harpole, MD Duke Cancer Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier: NCT00863512     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CALGB-30506
CDR0000636895 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Physician Data Query )
Study First Received: March 17, 2009
Results First Received: December 13, 2016
Last Updated: February 7, 2017

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
stage IA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IB non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIA non-small cell lung cancer
adenocarcinoma of the lung
adenosquamous cell lung cancer
bronchoalveolar cell lung cancer
large cell lung cancer
squamous cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors processed this record on September 21, 2017