Paclitaxel With or Without Carboplatin and/or Bevacizumab Followed by Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients With Breast Cancer That Can Be Removed by Surgery

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00861705
First received: March 12, 2009
Last updated: September 28, 2015
Last verified: August 2015
  Purpose
This randomized phase II trial studies how well paclitaxel with or without carboplatin and/or bevacizumab followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide works in treating patients with breast cancer that can be removed by surgery. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, carboplatin, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Bevacizumab may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving chemotherapy together with bevacizumab before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.

Condition Intervention Phase
Estrogen Receptor Negative
HER2/Neu Negative
Male Breast Carcinoma
Progesterone Receptor Negative
Stage IIA Breast Cancer
Stage IIB Breast Cancer
Stage IIIA Breast Cancer
Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma
Biological: Bevacizumab
Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Drug: Paclitaxel
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Phase II 2 x 2 Factorial Trial of the Addition of Carboplatin +/- Bevacizumab to Neoadjuvant Weekly Paclitaxel Followed by Dose-Dense AC in Hormone Receptor-Poor/HER2-Negative Resectable Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pathologic Complete Response (pCR) in the Breast. Defined as the Absence of Residual Invasive Carcinoma in the Breast (ypT0/is). [ Time Frame: At the time of definitive surgical removal, up to 28 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of the difference in percentage of participants with pCR in the breast between regimens that contain carboplatin (arms 3&4) versus not (arms 1&2) will use a one-sided chi square test. 95% confidence intervals around the incidence of pCR will also be constructed using exact binomial methods.

  • Pathologic Complete Response (pCR) in the Breast. Defined as the Absence of Residual Invasive Carcinoma in the Breast (ypT0/is). [ Time Frame: At the time of definitive surgical removal, up to 28 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of the difference in percentage of participants with pCR in the breast between regimens that contain bevacizumab (arms 2&4) versus not (arms 1&3) will use a one-sided chi square test. 95% confidence intervals around the incidence of pCR will also be constructed using exact binomial methods.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Pathologic Complete Response (pCR) in the Breast and Axilla. Defined as the Absence of Residual Invasive Carcinoma in the Breast (ypT0/is) Plus the Absence of Any Tumor Deposit >0.2 mm in Sampled Axillary Nodes (ypT0/isN0). [ Time Frame: At the time of definitive surgical removal, up to 28 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Comparing regimens that contain carboplatin (arms 3&4) versus not (arms 1&2).

  • Pathologic Complete Response (pCR) in the Breast and Axilla. Defined as the Absence of Residual Invasive Carcinoma in the Breast (ypT0/is) Plus the Absence of Any Tumor Deposit >0.2 mm in Sampled Axillary Nodes (ypT0/isN0). [ Time Frame: At the time of definitive surgical removal, up to 28 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Comparing regimens that contain bevacizumab (arms 2&4) versus not (arms 1&3).

  • Pathologic Stage in the Breast and in the Breast Plus Axilla as Measured by American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Tumor Node Metastasis (TNM) Staging Criteria (Version 6) [ Time Frame: at definitive surgery, up to 28 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Radiographic Response Assessed by Tumor Measurement [ Time Frame: Baseline; at completion of neoadjuvant therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed by RECIST

  • Clinical Response Assessed by Tumor Measurement [ Time Frame: Baseline; at completion of neoadjuvant therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)

  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    From study entry to death due to any cause

  • Recurrence-free Survival [ Time Frame: up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    From definitive surgery to first instance of ipsilateral invasive breast tumor recurrence, local/regional invasive breast cancer recurrence, distant recurrence, or death from any cause.

  • Time to First Failure, Defined as First Instance of Ipsilateral Invasive Breast Tumor Recurrence, Local/Regional Invasive Breast Cancer Recurrence, Distant Recurrence, or Death From Any Cause [ Time Frame: up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    From study entry to first event.

  • Incidence and Severity of Post-op Complications, Namely Excessive Bleeding, Delayed Wound Healing, and Wound Dehiscence. [ Time Frame: at definitive surgery, up to 28 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Assessed by physician observation.


Enrollment: 454
Study Start Date: May 2009
Study Completion Date: August 2014
Primary Completion Date: August 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm I (paclitaxel, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide)
Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 60 minutes once weekly in weeks 1-12. Patients then receive dose-dense doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 5-30 minutes (ddAC) once in weeks 13, 15, 17, and 19.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat
Experimental: Arm II (paclitaxel, ddAC, bevacizumab)
Patients receive paclitaxel and ddAC as in Arm I. Patients also receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes in weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, and 17.
Biological: Bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-VEGF
  • Anti-VEGF Humanized Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-VEGF rhuMAb
  • Avastin
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar BEVZ92
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar BI 695502
  • Immunoglobulin G1 (Human-Mouse Monoclonal rhuMab-VEGF Gamma-Chain Anti-Human Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor), Disulfide With Human-Mouse Monoclonal rhuMab-VEGF Light Chain, Dimer
  • Recombinant Humanized Anti-VEGF Monoclonal Antibody
  • rhuMab-VEGF
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat
Experimental: Arm III (paclitaxel, ddAC, carboplatin)
Patients receive paclitaxel and ddAC as in Arm I. Patients also receive carboplatin IV over 30 minutes once in weeks 1, 4, 7, and 10.
Drug: Carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Blastocarb
  • Carboplat
  • Carboplatin Hexal
  • Carboplatino
  • Carbosin
  • Carbosol
  • Carbotec
  • CBDCA
  • Displata
  • Ercar
  • JM-8
  • Nealorin
  • Novoplatinum
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
  • Paraplatin AQ
  • Paraplatine
  • Platinwas
  • Ribocarbo
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat
Experimental: Arm IV (paclitaxel, ddAC, bevacizumab, carboplatin)
Patients receive paclitaxel and ddAC as in Arm I, bevacizumab as in Arm II, and carboplatin as in Arm III.
Biological: Bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-VEGF
  • Anti-VEGF Humanized Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-VEGF rhuMAb
  • Avastin
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar BEVZ92
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar BI 695502
  • Immunoglobulin G1 (Human-Mouse Monoclonal rhuMab-VEGF Gamma-Chain Anti-Human Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor), Disulfide With Human-Mouse Monoclonal rhuMab-VEGF Light Chain, Dimer
  • Recombinant Humanized Anti-VEGF Monoclonal Antibody
  • rhuMab-VEGF
Drug: Carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Blastocarb
  • Carboplat
  • Carboplatin Hexal
  • Carboplatino
  • Carbosin
  • Carbosol
  • Carbotec
  • CBDCA
  • Displata
  • Ercar
  • JM-8
  • Nealorin
  • Novoplatinum
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
  • Paraplatin AQ
  • Paraplatine
  • Platinwas
  • Ribocarbo
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Invasive breast cancer, diagnosed by core needle or incisional biopsy (excisional biopsy not permitted)
  • The invasive tumor must be hormone receptor-poor, defined as both estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) negative or staining present in =< 10% of invasive cancer cells by immunohistochemistry (IHC)
  • The invasive tumor must be HER2-negative, defined as IHC 0-1+ or with a fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) ratio (HER2 gene copy/chromosome 17) of < 2.0 if IHC 2+
  • Clinical stage II-III invasive breast cancer with intent to perform surgical resection after neoadjuvant therapy; patients with inflammatory breast cancer are not eligible; staging to rule out metastatic disease is recommended for clinical stage III patients
  • Patients with multicentric or bilateral disease are eligible if the target lesion meets eligibility criteria
  • Patient agrees to undergo pretreatment research biopsies
  • No prior chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or radiation therapy with therapeutic intent for this cancer
  • The target lesion in the breast must be >= 1 cm, clinically or radiographically; palpable or radiographically measurable axillary adenopathy will be recorded but will not serve as measurable disease for the primary endpoint; patients with axillary disease only (no identifiable tumor in the breast that is >= 1 cm on physical exam or radiographic study) are not eligible to participate
  • Patients with a history of significant bleeding episodes (e.g., hemoptysis, upper or lower gastrointestinal [GI] bleeding) within 6 months of registration are not eligible
  • No serious or non-healing wound, skin ulcers or bone fracture; no abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal abscess within the past 6 months; no major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to randomization or anticipation of need for major surgery during the course of study
  • The following are not considered to be major surgical procedures that would be prohibited in the 28 days prior to, or following study randomization: obtaining the required research needle biopsies; placement of a radiopaque clip to localize a tumor or tumors for subsequent surgical resection; placement of a port for central venous access; fine needle aspiration of a prominent or suspicious axillary lymph node; needle biopsy of a clinically or radiographically detected lesion to rule out metastatic disease; or pretreatment sentinel lymph node sampling
  • No baseline neuropathy grade >= 2
  • Zubrod performance status 0-1
  • Pregnant or nursing women are not eligible; all women of reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test at baseline and agree to use an effective, non-hormonal method of contraception during the entire period of treatment on the study
  • Patients with congestive heart failure are not eligible, nor are patients with myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, an arterial thrombotic event, stroke or transient ischemia attack (TIA) within the past 12 months, uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure [SBP] > 160 or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] > 90), uncontrolled or symptomatic arrhythmia, or grade II or greater peripheral vascular disease
  • Patients must have a pretreatment multi gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) above the institutional lower limit of normal
  • Granulocytes > 1,000/mcl
  • Platelets > 100,000/mcl
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limits of normal
  • Calculated or measured > 30 ml/min
  • Urine protein =< 1+ or urine protein to creatinine (UPC) ratio < 1

    • Patients discovered to have >= 2+ proteinuria at baseline must undergo a 24-hour urine collection that must demonstrate < 1 g of protein/24 hr, or UPC ratio < 1 to allow participation in the study
  • Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limits of normal
  • Serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) negative (for women of child bearing potential)
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

    • Unless patient is on therapeutic doses of warfarin; if so, the patient must have an INR =< 3 on a stable dose of warfarin, must have not active bleeding or pathologic condition that is associated with a high risk of bleeding
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00861705

  Show 454 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: William Sikov Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00861705     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-01172  NCI-2009-01172  CALGB-40603  CALGB 40603/CTSU 40603  CDR0000636850  CALGB 40603  CALGB-40603  U10CA180821  U10CA031946 
Study First Received: March 12, 2009
Results First Received: January 12, 2015
Last Updated: September 28, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms, Male
Breast Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Skin Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antibodies
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Bevacizumab
Carboplatin
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Endothelial Growth Factors
Liposomal doxorubicin
Paclitaxel
Alkylating Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antimitotic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antirheumatic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Growth Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 23, 2016