In-Situ Therapeutic Cancer Vaccine for Metastatic Cancer Combining AlloStim With Tumor Cryoablation
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This is a Phase I/II study to investigate the feasibility of creating a personalized therapeutic cancer vaccine within the body. A vaccine contains a source of tumor antigen and an adjuvant. In this study, tumor antigen is generated by freezing a tumor by a minimally invasive percutaneous (through the skin) cryoablation procedure. The study drug, AlloStim, is injected into the ablated tumor to promote development of an anti-tumor immune response.
Condition or disease
Biological: AlloStim-7Procedure: percutaneous tumor cryoablationBiological: AlloStim8 or AlloStim-9
Phase 1Phase 2
This is a Phase I/II clinical study to investigate the feasibility of creating a personalized anti-tumor vaccine within the body of patients with advanced cancers. The aim of the study is to evaluate the safety of administration and anti-tumor effect of a vaccine protocol that has three separate phases. Cancer patients generally present with an immune response to cancer biased to a Th2 response, while a Th1 response is considered necessary for mediating anti-tumor immunity. The first step of the study consists of three (3) weekly intradermal priming doses of AlloStim. The aim of this step is to create Th1 immunity to the alloantigens in AlloStim, thus increasing the number of Th1 cells in circulation. The second step of the protocol involves the cryoablation of a selected tumor lesion followed by an intratumoral AlloStimTM injection. The aim of this step is to generate tumor-specific CTL killer cells in the circulation. The final step is an intravenous infusion of AlloStim. The aim of this step is to activate circulating Th1 cells, killer cells, and natural killer cells The further aim of this step is to create an inflammatory environment that can break-down the ability of the tumor to avoid an anti-tumor immune response.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
18 years or older
Metastatic cancer refractory to at least one course of active chemotherapy or prior radiation therapy, including metastatic breast cancer, colorectal cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, ovarian or other gynecological cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic or other GI cancer, melanoma, head or neck cancer or lymphoma/plasmacytoma.
Measurable disease determined upon review of abdominal and/or chest CT scan within 60 days of evaluation for study inclusion with a target tumor lesion for cryoablation located in liver, kidney, bone, pancreas, lymph node, skin, neck or prostate deemed to be accessible for percutaneous access.
Acceptable cryoablation procedure technique risk: the target tumor for ablation must have adequate distance from adjacent vasculature and other organs to permit safe application of cryoprobe (generally, more than a 2.5cm clearance of the cryoprobe from any vital structure such as the bowel, inferior vena cava, or aorta). The safety assessment of the cryoprobe placement will be made an attending radiologist based on imaging studies.
Life expectancy >180 days
No bevacizumab (Avastin®) within 6 weeks of planned cryoablation procedure
ECOG status 0-1
No concurrent medication known to interfere with platelet function or coagulation (e.g., aspirin, ibuprofen, clopidogrel, or warfarin) unless such medications can be discontinued for an appropriate time period based on the drug half-life and known activity (e.g., aspirin for 7 days) prior to cryoablation procedure
No low molecular weight heparin preparations unless can be discontinued 8 hours prior to cryoablation
At least 2 weeks since prior cytotoxic chemotherapy
Absolute granulocyte count ≥ 1,200/mm3
Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3
PT/INR ≤ 1.5
INR correctable to ≤ 1.5 or a PT/PTT correctable to normal limits. Patients receiving anti-coagulation treatment with an agent such as warfarin or heparin may be allowed to participate. For patients on warfarin, the INR should be monitored weekly prior to the cryoablation day 21 to assure INR is stable. However, heparin or warfarin must be withheld prior to cryoablation such that the above criteria are met.
Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
Creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times normal
Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times normal (≤ 5 times normal if liver involvement)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or (SGOT) ≤ 2.5 times ULN
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 times ULN
Not pregnant or lactating
Patients with child bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception
No psychiatric or addictive disorders or other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude study participation
Study specific informed consent
Taking anticoagulant medication for concomitant medical condition (unless can be safely discontinued for cryoablation procedure)
Prior allogeneic bone marrow/stem cell or solid organ transplant
Chronic use (> 2 weeks) of greater than physiologic doses of a corticosteroid agent (dose equivalent to > 10 mg/day of prednisone) within 30 days of the first day of study drug treatment