Neonatal Procalcitonin Intervention Study (NeoPInS)
In neonates, clinical signs and symptoms associated with early-onset sepsis are non-specific and currently available tests have poor positive and negative predictive values. The investigators hypothesize that procalcitonin (PCT) has a reliable negative predictive values to allow a reduction in duration of empiric antibiotic therapy in suspected neonatal early-onset sepsis with unchanged outcome. This study is designed as a multi-center, prospective, randomized intervention trial. The duration of antibiotic therapy in the standard group is based on the attending physician's assessment of the probability of infection during hospitalisation. In the PCT group, if infection is considered to be unlikely or possible, antibiotic therapy is discontinued when two consecutive PCT values are within the normal range.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effect of Procalcitonin-guided Decision Making on Duration of Antibiotic Therapy in Suspected Neonatal Early-onset Sepsis: Multicenter Prospective Randomized Intervention Study|
- The absolute reduction of the duration of antibiotic therapy with unchanged outcome [ Time Frame: 1 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Unchanged outcome = proportion of infants with a recurrence of infection requiering additional courses of antibiotic therapy within 72 hours after ending antibiotic therapy and/or death in the first month of life
- Duration of hospitalisation [ Time Frame: 1 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: PCT group
In the PCT group, if infection is considered to be unlikely or possible, antibiotic therapy is discontinued when two consecutive PCT values are within the normal range.Antibiotic therapy can be continued despite fulfilled criteria at the discretion of the attending physician. These divesions from the stopping rules will be reported for further analysis.
Other: Procalcitonin-guided decision making
In the PCT group, if infection is considered to be unlikely or possible, antibiotic therapy is discontinued when two consecutive PDT values are within the normal range.
Other Name: Procalcitonin-guided duration of antibiotic therapy
No Intervention: Standard group
The duration of antibiotic treatment in the standard group is based on the attending physician's assessment of the risk of classification: infection unlikely for 36-72 hours, infection possible for 5-7 days, infection probable of proven for 7-21 days depending on clinical course, laboratory values and positive cultures.
Detailed description according our pilot study (see reference). This trial is designed to exclude a difference in rate of re-infection or death greater than 2%. Assuming a 2% reinfection/death rate in each group, 770 patients are required for a power of 80% at alpha=0.05. To allow for some unevaluable cases 800 per group will be included. Based on the data of the pilot study (see reference), with a number of 770 per group a difference between mean antibiotic therapy durations of 10 hours can be detected at two-sided alpha of 0.05 with a power of 95%.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00854932
|children's Hospital of Lucerne|
|Lucerne, Switzerland, 6000|
|Principal Investigator:||Martin Stocker, MD||Kantonsspital Luzern, Switzerland|