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L-Carnitine as an Osmo-metabolic Agent for Peritoneal Dialysis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00851838
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 26, 2009
Last Update Posted : March 26, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
A major challenge of peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy is the development of glucose-sparing strategies able to provide an efficacious ultrafiltration (UF) profile. Study hypothesis is to evaluate the possibility to formulate PD solutions containing L-carnitine as an osmotic agent to partially replace glucose.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
End-Stage Renal Disease Drug: L-Carnitine Phase 2

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2 Study of Dialysis Efficiency and Tolerability of Peritoneal Dialysis Solution Containing Glucose Plus L-Carnitine in APD (Automated Peritoneal Dialysis) Treated Uremic Patients
Study Start Date : June 2009
Primary Completion Date : October 2012
Study Completion Date : December 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: PD solution Drug: L-Carnitine
Instillation of glucose-based (1.5 or 2.5 w/v) PD solution containing L-carnitine during the nocturnal exchange in APD treated patients. L-Carnitine (0.1% w/v) is present only in the first 5 Liter APD bag. PD solutions are instilled for 5 days.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess the efficacy of L-Carnitine containing PD solution on peritoneal ultrafiltration [ Time Frame: day 5 ]

Eligibility Criteria

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥18 years
  • Have a diagnosis of ESRD and have been on Automated Peritoneal Dialysis (glucose 1.5 or 2.5 % w/v) for at least 3 months
  • Be in a stable clinical condition during the four weeks immediately prior to Screening Period as demonstrated by medical history, physical examination and laboratory testing
  • Have a blood hemoglobin concentration above 8,5 g/100ml (data will be verified with Investigators)
  • Have not experienced peritonitis episodes in the last 3 months
  • Have Kt/V urea measurement > 1.7 per week in a previous test performed within 6 months that should be confirmed at Baseline Visit
  • Have a minimum weekly creatinine clearance of 45 litres in a previous test performed within 6 months that should be confirmed at Baseline Visit
  • Have a D/P Creatinine ratio at Peritoneal Equilibration Test (PET) between 0.50 and 0.81 in a previous test performed within 6 months that should be confirmed at Baseline Visit
  • Have a D/P Glucose ratio at Peritoneal Equilibration Test (PET) between 0.26 and 0.49 in a previous test performed within 6 months that should be confirmed at Baseline Visit
  • Be treated by the participating clinical Investigator for a period of at least three months
  • Have understood and signed the Informed Consent Form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have a history of drug or alcohol abuse in the six months prior to entering the protocol
  • Be in treatment with androgens
  • Have Diabetes Mellitus (as defined by the American Diabetes Society, objectively documented by a fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c determinations)
  • Have clinically significant abnormal liver function test (SGOT, SGPT, and gamma-GT > 2 times the upper normal limit)
  • Have acute infectious conditions (i.e.: pulmonary infection, acute hepatitis, high or low urinary tract infections, renal parenchymal infection, pericarditis, etc)
  • Have a history of congestive heart failure and clinically significant arrhythmia
  • Have an history of epilepsy or any NCS disease
  • Have malignancy within the past 5 years, including lymphoproliferative disorders
  • Have any medical condition that, in the judgment of the Investigator, would jeopardize the patient's safety following exposure to study drug, particularly if patient's life expectancy is less than 1 year
  • Have a history of L-Carnitine therapy or use in the month prior to entering the protocol
  • Have used any investigational drug in the 3 months prior to entering the protocol
  • Be in pregnancy, lactation, fertility age without protection against pregnancy by adequate contraceptive means
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00851838

Division of Nephrology, University of "G. d'Annunzio"
Chieti, Italy
Sponsors and Collaborators
Iperboreal Pharma Srl
Principal Investigator: Mario Bonomini, MD G. d'Annunzio University
Study Director: Arduino Arduini, MD Iperboreal Pharma Srl
More Information

Responsible Party: Iperboreal Pharma Srl
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00851838     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IP-001-06
First Posted: February 26, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 26, 2013
Last Verified: March 2013

Keywords provided by Iperboreal Pharma Srl:
Peritoneal dialysis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases