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Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin Hydrochloride, Bortezomib, Cyclophosphamide, and Dexamethasone in Treating Patients With Multiple Myeloma

This study has been terminated.
(One of the study drugs is not available.)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Washington Identifier:
First received: February 20, 2009
Last updated: September 17, 2015
Last verified: September 2015

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Bortezomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the cancer. Giving pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride together with bortezomib, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects of giving pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride together with bortezomib, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone and to see how well it works in treating patients with multiple myeloma

Condition Intervention Phase
Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Stage I Multiple Myeloma
Stage II Multiple Myeloma
Stage III Multiple Myeloma
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: bortezomib
Drug: dexamethasone
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combination Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin, Bortezomib, Cyclophosphamide, and Dexamethasone for Multiple Myeloma (PLD-BCD)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Washington:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose of this combination of drugs as assessed by the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 (cohort 1) [ Time Frame: Before each drug dose ]
    If 3 patients of cohort 1 require dose reduction of one or more of the medications for toxicity attributed to the drug or drugs, then the starting dose level will be reduced for that drug or drugs for future patients. The initial dosing of drugs for cohort 2 will be permitted to be one dose level above the maximal tolerated doses of cohort 1.

  • Response rate (complete remission [CR] or near CR) (cohort II) [ Time Frame: At the beginning of each course ]

Enrollment: 31
Study Start Date: November 2008
Study Completion Date: June 2015
Primary Completion Date: December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (chemotherapy and enzyme inhibitor)
Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV or PO over 1 hour, bortezomib IV over 3 minutes, and dexamethasone IV or PO on days 1, 8, and 15. Patients also receive pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1 hour on day 8. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana
Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Dox-SL
  • doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome
  • LipoDox
Drug: bortezomib
Given IV
Other Names:
  • LDP 341
  • MLN341
Drug: dexamethasone
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • Aeroseb-Dex
  • Decaderm
  • Decadron
  • DM
  • DXM

Detailed Description:


I. To determine efficacy of this novel combination in newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma.


I. To determine the toxicity of this novel combination regimen in previously treated patients and newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma.


Patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) or orally (PO) over 1 hour, bortezomib IV over 3 minutes, and dexamethasone IV or PO on days 1, 8, and 15. Patients also receive pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1 hour on day 8. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cohort 1: Relapsed, refractory patients with multiple myeloma who have failed at least one prior regimen not including dexamethasone alone
  • Cohort 2: Newly diagnosed patients with previously untreated multiple myeloma; prior dexamethasone permitted; not to exceed 320 mg
  • Diagnosis of multiple myeloma with quantifiable monoclonal protein or light chain identified by serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP), urine protein electrophoresis (UPEP), or serum free light chain assay
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1.5
  • Platelet count >= 75,000 unless slightly lower due to disease with the approval of the principal investigator (PI)
  • Serum creatinine =< 2.0 mg/dL
  • Serum bilirubin =< 1.2
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST)/alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x ULN
  • Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction greater than or equal to 50% by multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA)
  • Female subjects must be post-menopausal, surgically sterilized, or willing to use an acceptable method of birth control (i.e., a hormonal contraceptive, intra-uterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide, or abstinence) for the duration of the study; female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 2 weeks prior to enrollment
  • Male patients must use an effective contraceptive method during the study and for a minimum of 6 months after study treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current concomitant chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy other than as specified in the protocol
  • Use of other anticancer therapy within 15 days or before study entry; the patient must have recovered from all acute non-hematological toxicities from any previous therapy
  • Have any other severe concurrent disease, or have a history of serious organ dysfunction or disease involving the heart, kidney, liver, or other organ system that may place the patient at undue risk to undergo treatment, despite appropriate antibiotics or other treatment; for cardiac dysfunction, myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities
  • Patients with a systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection not controlled (defined as exhibiting ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection) on antiviral, antibiotic and antifungal treatment
  • Patient has >= Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy within 14 days before enrollment
  • Patient has hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron or mannitol
  • Pregnant or lactating patients
  • Cumulative dose of doxorubicin of 400 mg/m^2 or greater, or if this level would be exceeded during the current study
  • Any significant concurrent illness, condition, or psychiatric disorder that would compromise patient safety or compliance, interfere with consent, study participation, follow up, or interpretation of study results
  • Have had a diagnosis of another malignancy, unless the patient has been disease-free for at least 3 years following the completion of curative intent therapy including the following:
  • Patients with treated non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ carcinoma, or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, regardless of the disease-free duration, are eligible for this study if definitive treatment for the condition has been completed;
  • Patients with organ-confined prostate cancer with no evidence of recurrent or progressive disease based on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values are also eligible for this study if hormonal therapy has been initiated or a radical prostatectomy has been performed;
  • Prior autologous stem cell transplant (Cohort 2 only);
  • Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant;
  • Patient has received other investigational drugs within 14 days before enrollment
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00849251

United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Pamela Becker Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Washington Identifier: NCT00849251     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 6817
NCI-2009-01665 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Study First Received: February 20, 2009
Last Updated: September 17, 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone 21-phosphate
BB 1101
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents processed this record on April 28, 2017